Vaccine Therapy and GM-CSF in Treating Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, or Mesothelioma
RATIONALE: Vaccines made from peptides may help the body build an effective immune response to kill cancer cells. Biological therapies, such as GM-CSF, may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. Giving vaccine therapy together with GM-CSF may kill more cancer cells.
PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects of vaccine therapy and GM-CSF in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndromes, non-small cell lung cancer, or mesothelioma.
|Leukemia Lung Cancer Malignant Mesothelioma Myelodysplastic Syndromes Primary Peritoneal Cavity Cancer||Biological: WT-1 analog peptide vaccine Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant Biological: sargramostim Genetic: polymerase chain reaction Other: flow cytometry Other: immunoenzyme technique||Phase 1|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Pilot Trial of a WT-1 Analog Peptide Vaccine in Patients With Thoracic and Myeloid Neoplasms|
- Safety [ Time Frame: 2 years ]Toxicities will be tabulated according to the NCI Common Toxicity (version 3.0).
- Immune Response [ Time Frame: 2 years ]Immune reactivity to the peptides will be measured in the same fashion for patients with hematologic or thoracic malignancies. Immune responses will be measured by T cell proliferative response and DTH against WT-1 peptides. In patients with adequate samples, T cell gamma interferon release as measured by ELISPOT will be performed as well.
|Study Start Date:||October 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Six vaccinations of the WT-1 peptide (1.0 ml of emulsion) will be administered on weeks 0, 4, 6, 8, 10 & 12. Vaccinations will be administered subcutaneously with sites rotated among extremities. Injection sites will be pre-stimulated with Sargramostim (GM-CSF) (70 mcg) injected subcutaneously on days 0 & -2 of each vaccination. Patients may self administer the Sargramostim (GM-CSF) if they have been appropriately instructed on SQ injection administration. Patients will keep a logbook noting the time & placement of the injection. Note: during each vaccination, the Sargramostim (GM-CSF) & the vaccine emulsion will be administered to the same anatomical site. This site will be marked by the patient or treating healthcare professional by a permanent marker pen. For patients who have a clinical, molecular, or immunologic response & have not had disease progression, they may receive up to 6 more vaccinations administered approximately every month.
|Biological: WT-1 analog peptide vaccine Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant Biological: sargramostim Genetic: polymerase chain reaction Other: flow cytometry Other: immunoenzyme technique|
- Determine the safety and immunogenicity of the Wilms tumor-1 analog peptide vaccine in patients with acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndromes, non-small cell lung cancer, or mesothelioma.
- Determine the antitumor effects of this vaccine in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a pilot study. Patients are stratified according to disease type (acute myeloid leukemia [AML] or myelodysplastic syndromes [MDS] vs non-small cell lung cancer or mesothelioma).
Patients receive vaccine comprising Wilms-tumor 1 (WT-1) analog peptide emulsified in Montanide ISA-51 subcutaneously (SC) once in weeks 0, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 and sargramostim (GM-CSF) SC twice in weeks 0, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 (on the day of and 2 days prior to each vaccination). Patients who have an immunologic response and have no disease progression may receive up to 6 more vaccinations approximately 1 month apart.
Blood samples are collected at baseline, week 8, and week 14. Samples are examined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to measure levels of WT-1 and by T-cell proliferative response, delayed-type hypersensitivity against WT-1 peptides, or ELISPOT to measure immune response.
Bone marrow samples are collected from patients with AML or MDS at baseline and week 14. Samples are examined by PCR to measure levels of WT-1 and by multiparameter flow cytometry to measure residual disease.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00398138
|United States, New York|
|Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|
|New York, New York, United States, 10065|
|Principal Investigator:||Lee M. Krug, MD||Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|