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Gabapentin Treatment of Cannabis Dependence

This study has been completed.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Barbara J. Mason, The Scripps Research Institute Identifier:
First received: November 1, 2006
Last updated: December 19, 2016
Last verified: December 2016
This is a study to evaluate the efficacy of the medication gabapentin in treating persons with cannabis dependence.

Condition Intervention Phase
Cannabis Dependence
Drug: Placebo
Drug: Gabapentin
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Gabapentin for Cannabis Withdrawal and Use

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Barbara J. Mason, The Scripps Research Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Week 0 in Cannabis Use Using Urinary CN-THCCOOH Levels at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 0 and Week 12 ]
    Urinary THC/Cr ratio, also known as CN-THCCOOH (creatinine normalized tetrahydrocannabinol carboxylic acid), is a highly sensitive and specific quantitative analytic procedure to determine current marijuana metabolite levels in the urine as well as new marijuana use or abstinence. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometric levels of 11-nor-9-carboxy-9-THC (THC-COOH), the primary marijuana metabolite, are normalized to the urine creatinine (CN) concentration to reduce the variability of drug measurement attributable to urine dilution. Negative values indicate decreased use.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Week 0 in Withdrawal Symptom Severity on the Marijuana Withdrawal Checklist (MWC) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 0 and Week 12 ]
    The MWC is an instrument to assess the severity of frequently reported cannabis withdrawal symptoms. Each question on the measure is recorded as a severity rating between 0-3: 0=best outcome; 3=worst outcome. The severity rating of each question was averaged to obtain a single marijuana withdrawal severity score. Change = (Week 12 score - Week 0 score).

  • Change in Sleep Quality on the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 0 and Week 12 ]
    The PSQI is an instrument to assess subjective sleep quality and disturbance. The range on the measure is from 0-21: 0=best outcome; 21=worst outcome. Change = (Week 12 score - Week 0 score).

  • Change From Week 0 in Mood on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 0 and Week 12 ]
    The BDI-II is a self-rating of severity of depressive symptoms. The Total score range on the BDI-II is from 0-63; 0=best outcome; 63=worst outcome. Change = (Week 12 score - Week 0 score).

  • Change From Week 0 in Craving on the Marijuana Withdrawal Checklist Marijuana Craving Question at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 0 and Week 12 ]
    The Marijuana Craving question of the Marijuana Withdrawal Checklist assesses severity of craving to smoke marijuana. The craving question is rated on a scale of 0-3 where 0=best outcome (no symptoms) and 3=worst outcome (severe symptoms). Change = (Week 12 score - Week 0 score).

  • Change From Week 0 in Cannabis-related Problems on the Marijuana Problem Scale (MPS) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 0 and Week 12 ]
    The MPS is an instrument to assess the incidence of physical, psychological, social, and functioning problems that can result from cannabis dependence. The Total score ranges from 0-38 where 0=best outcome and 38=worst outcome. Change = (Week 12 score - Week 0 score).

  • Change From Baseline in Cognitive Functioning Using the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS) at Week 4 [ Time Frame: Week 0 and Week 4 ]
    The D-KEFS is a testing battery designed to measure executive functioning, a critical component of participating in cognitive behavioral therapy used to treat marijuana dependence. Data were obtained from the D-KEFS test instruments completed at baseline and week 4, which included the Trail Making Test, Verbal Fluency Test, and Color-Word Interference Test. Scaled scores range from 1 (worst) to 19 (best). Change = (Week 4 score - Week 0 score). Positive values indicate increased executive functioning.

Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: August 2006
Study Completion Date: July 2008
Primary Completion Date: July 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Gabapentin
1200 mg/daily of Gabapentin
Drug: Gabapentin
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
1200mg/d of Placebo
Drug: Placebo

Detailed Description:
This is a 12-week, double blind, placebo controlled, dose ranging study to evaluate the efficacy of gabapentin in treating outpatients with cannabis dependence. Counseling and research assessments occur weekly throughout the 12-week treatment phase.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males or females age 18-65 with cannabis dependence
  • Meets DSM-IV-TR criteria for Cannabis Dependence
  • Smoked marijuana at least once a week in the 90 days prior to study participation
  • Willing to attend 12 weekly study visits and 1 follow-up visit

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Currently meets DSM-IV-TR criteria for dependence on illicit substances other than cannabis
  • Significant medical disorders that will increase potential risk or interfere with study participation
  • Women with childbearing potential who are pregnant, nursing, or refuse to use a reliable method of birth control
  • Treatment with an investigational drug in the last month
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00395044

United States, California
The Scripps Research Institute
La Jolla, California, United States, 92037
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Scripps Research Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Principal Investigator: Barbara J. Mason, Ph.D. The Scripps Research Institute- Pearson Center for Alcoholism and Addiction Research
  More Information

Responsible Party: Barbara J. Mason, Professor, The Scripps Research Institute Identifier: NCT00395044     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DA020766-01
5R21DA020766-01 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: November 1, 2006
Results First Received: March 15, 2013
Last Updated: December 19, 2016

Keywords provided by Barbara J. Mason, The Scripps Research Institute:
Cannabis treatment
marijuana treatment

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Marijuana Abuse
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Calcium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Psychotropic Drugs
Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists
Excitatory Amino Acid Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Antimanic Agents
GABA Agents processed this record on May 25, 2017