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Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of Once Daily Indacaterol in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Using Formoterol Twice Daily as Active Control

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00393458
First Posted: October 27, 2006
Last Update Posted: August 18, 2011
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
Novartis
  Purpose
This study was designed to assess the efficacy and long-term safety of 300 and 600 µg doses of indacaterol when delivered via a single-dose dry-powder inhaler (SDDPI) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Patients were randomized to receive either indacaterol 300 µg once daily, indacaterol 600 µg once daily, formoterol 12 µg twice daily, or placebo.

Condition Intervention Phase
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Drug: Indacaterol Drug: Formoterol Drug: Placebo to indacaterol Drug: Placebo to formoterol Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A 52-week Treatment, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Double-dummy, Placebo-controlled, Parallel-group Study to Assess the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of Indacaterol (300 and 600 µg Once Daily) in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Using Formoterol (12 µg Twice Daily) as an Active Control

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Novartis:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Trough Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 Second (FEV1) at Week 12 + 1 Day, Day 85 [ Time Frame: Week 12 + 1 day, Day 85 ]
    FEV1 was measured with spirometry conducted according to internationally accepted standards. Trough FEV1 was defined as the average of measurements made 23 hours 10 minutes and 23 hours 45 minutes post-dose at the end of treatment. The analysis included baseline FEV1, FEV1 pre-dose and 30 minutes post-dose of salbutamol/albuterol during screening, and FEV1 pre-dose and 1 hour post-dose of ipratropium during screening as covariates.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Days of Poor Control During 52 Weeks of Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of study (Week 52) ]
    Percentage of days of poor control was defined as the number of days in the patient diary with a score ≥ 2 (scale of 0-3, a higher number means more severe symptoms) for at least 2 of 5 symptoms (cough, wheeze, production of sputum, color of sputum, breathlessness) over 52 weeks divided by the number of evaluable days (days with ≥ 2 symptoms with scores). The analysis included baseline percentage of days of poor control, FEV1 pre-dose and 30 minutes post-dose of salbutamol/albuterol during screening, and FEV1 pre-dose and 1 hour post-dose of ipratropium during screening as covariates.


Enrollment: 1732
Study Start Date: October 2006
Study Completion Date: July 2008
Primary Completion Date: July 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Indacaterol 300 μg plus placebo to formoterol
Patients inhaled indacaterol 300 μg once daily via a single-dose dry-powder inhaler (SDDPI), placebo to indacaterol once daily via a SDDPI, and placebo to formoterol twice daily via the manufacturer's proprietary inhalation device (Aerolizer®). Indacaterol, placebo to indacaterol, and placebo to formoterol were taken in the morning between 8:00 and 10:00 AM; placebo to formoterol was taken again 12 hours later in the evening between 8:00 and 10:00 PM. Daily inhaled corticosteroid treatment (if applicable) was to remain stable throughout the study. The short-acting β2-agonist salbutamol/albuterol was available for rescue use throughout the study.
Drug: Indacaterol
Indacaterol was supplied in powder-filled capsules with a single-dose dry-powder inhaler (SDDPI).
Drug: Placebo to formoterol
Placebo to formoterol was supplied in powder-filled capsules with the manufacturer's proprietary inhalation device (Aerolizer®).
Experimental: Indacaterol 600 μg plus placebo to formoterol
Patients inhaled indacaterol 600 μg (two 300 μg capsules) once daily via single-dose dry-powder inhalers (SDDPI) plus placebo to formoterol twice daily via the manufacturer's proprietary inhalation device (Aerolizer®). Indacaterol and placebo to formoterol were taken in the morning between 8:00 and 10:00 AM; placebo to formoterol was taken again 12 hours later in the evening between 8:00 and 10:00 PM. Daily inhaled corticosteroid treatment (if applicable) was to remain stable throughout the study. The short-acting β2-agonist salbutamol/albuterol was available for rescue use throughout the study.
Drug: Indacaterol
Indacaterol was supplied in powder-filled capsules with a single-dose dry-powder inhaler (SDDPI).
Drug: Placebo to formoterol
Placebo to formoterol was supplied in powder-filled capsules with the manufacturer's proprietary inhalation device (Aerolizer®).
Active Comparator: Formoterol 12 μg plus placebo to indacaterol
Patients inhaled formoterol 12 μg twice daily via the manufacturer's proprietary inhalation device (Aerolizer®) plus placebo to indacaterol once daily via a single-dose dry-powder inhaler (SDDPI). Formoterol and placebo to indacaterol were taken in the morning between 8:00 and 10:00 AM; formoterol was taken again 12 hours later in the evening between 8:00 and 10:00 PM. Daily inhaled corticosteroid treatment (if applicable) was to remain stable throughout the study. The short-acting β2-agonist salbutamol/albuterol was available for rescue use throughout the study.
Drug: Formoterol
Formoterol was supplied in powder-filled capsules with the manufacturer's proprietary inhalation device (Aerolizer®).
Drug: Placebo to indacaterol
Placebo to indacaterol was supplied in powder-filled capsules with a single-dose dry-powder inhaler (SDDPI).
Placebo Comparator: Placebo to indacaterol plus placebo to formoterol
Patients inhaled placebo to indacaterol once daily via a single-dose dry-powder inhaler (SDDPI) plus placebo to formoterol twice daily via the manufacturer's proprietary inhalation device (Aerolizer®). Placebo to indacaterol and placebo to formoterol were taken in the morning between 8:00 and 10:00 AM; placebo to formoterol was taken again 12 hours later in the evening between 8:00 and 10:00 PM. Daily inhaled corticosteroid treatment (if applicable) was to remain stable throughout the study. The short-acting β2-agonist salbutamol/albuterol was available for rescue use throughout the study.
Drug: Placebo to indacaterol
Placebo to indacaterol was supplied in powder-filled capsules with a single-dose dry-powder inhaler (SDDPI).
Drug: Placebo to formoterol
Placebo to formoterol was supplied in powder-filled capsules with the manufacturer's proprietary inhalation device (Aerolizer®).

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and female adults ≥ 40 years, with a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) according to Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines 2005 and:

    1. Smoking history of at least 20 pack years
    2. Post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) < 80% and ≥ 30% of the predicted normal value
    3. Post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC (forced volume capacity) < 70% (Post refers to within 30 minutes after inhalation of 400 μg of salbutamol)

      Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who were hospitalized for a COPD exacerbation in the 6 weeks prior to screening.
  • Patients who had a respiratory tract infection within 6 weeks prior to screening.
  • Patients with concomitant pulmonary disease.
  • Patients with a history of asthma.
  • Patients with diabetes type I or uncontrolled diabetes type II.
  • Any patient with lung cancer or a history of lung cancer.
  • Patients with a history of certain cardiovascular co-morbid conditions.

Other protocol-defined inclusion/exclusion criteria applied to the study.

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00393458


  Show 183 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Novartis Investigator Site Novartis
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: External Affairs, Novartis
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00393458     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CQAB149B2334
First Submitted: October 25, 2006
First Posted: October 27, 2006
Results First Submitted: July 22, 2011
Results First Posted: August 18, 2011
Last Update Posted: August 18, 2011
Last Verified: July 2011

Keywords provided by Novartis:
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COPD
indacaterol
long-acting β2 agonist

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Formoterol Fumarate
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic beta-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action


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