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Effects of Mometasone Furoate/Formoterol Combination Versus Formoterol and Mometasone Furoate Alone in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) (Study P04230AM4)(COMPLETED)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00383721
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 3, 2006
Results First Posted : October 26, 2011
Last Update Posted : April 11, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Brief Summary:
This is a randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multi-site, double-blind study evaluating the efficacy of mometasone furoate/formoterol fumarate (MF/F) metered dose inhaler (MDI) 400/10 mcg twice daily (BID) and MF/F MDI 200/10 mcg BID compared with MF 400 mcg BID and F 10 mcg BID in adults at least 40 years of age, with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). All placebo-treated subjects and active-treated subjects who will not participate in the safety extension will be discontinued and will have their Final Visit at Week 26. Subjects who continue into the 26-week safety extension will have their Final Visit at Week 52. Efficacy will be measured by the mean change from Baseline to Week 13 in area under the forced expiratory volume in one second concentration time curve from 0 to 12 hours (FEV1 AUC[0-12hr]) and change from Baseline to Week 13 in AM predose FEV1.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Drug: Mometasone furoate/formoterol (MF/F) combination Drug: Mometasone furoate MDI (MF MDI) Drug: Formoterol MDI Drug: Placebo Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1196 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, 26-Week, Placebo-Controlled Efficacy and Safety Study With a 26-Week Long-Term Safety Extension, of High- and Medium-Dose Inhaled Mometasone Furoate/Formoterol Fixed-Dose Combination Formulation Compared With Formoterol and High-Dose Inhaled Mometasone Furoate Monotherapy in Subjects With Moderate to Severe COPD
Study Start Date : September 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2010

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MF/F MDI 400/10 mcg BID Drug: Mometasone furoate/formoterol (MF/F) combination
MF/F 400/10 mcg via a metered dose inhaler (MDI) twice daily for 52 weeks
Other Name: SCH 418131

Experimental: MF/F MDI 200/10 mcg BID Drug: Mometasone furoate/formoterol (MF/F) combination
MF/F 200/10 mcg via a metered dose inhaler (MDI) twice daily for 52 weeks
Other Name: SCH 418131

Experimental: MF MDI 400 mcg BID Drug: Mometasone furoate MDI (MF MDI)
MF 400 mcg via metered dose inhaler twice daily for 52 weeks
Other Name: SCH 32088

Active Comparator: Formoterol MDI 10 mcg BID Drug: Formoterol MDI
Formoterol 10 mcg via metered dose inhaler twice a day for 52 weeks
Other Name: Foradil

Placebo Comparator: Placebo MDI BID Drug: Placebo
Placebo MDI twice a day for 26 weeks

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Area Under the Time Curve From 0 to 12 Hours (AUC(0-12 Hours)) of Change From Baseline to Week 13 in Forced Expiratory Volume (Liters) in 1 Second (FEV1) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Endpoint (13 weeks) ]
    FEV1 AUC was standardized to liters. Endpoint was the last post-baseline non-missing result through Week 13 carried forward.

  2. Mean Change From Baseline to Week 13 Endpoint in AM Predose FEV1 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Endpoint (13 weeks) ]
    Endpoint was the last post-baseline non-missing result through Week 13 carried forward.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline to Endpoint in St George's Respiratory Questionaire (SGRQ) Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline to Endpoint (26 weeks) ]

    SGRQ consisted of 76 items aggregated into 3 component scores: symptoms

    (frequency/severity), activity (cause or limited by breathlessness), impact (social functioning, psychological disturbances from airway disease), & total score. Best health scores have a low numeric value. All component scores & total score ranged from 0-100, with a higher score indicating greater disease burden. A 4-point increase over placebo (and Baseline) was considered the minimum clinically important difference. Endpoint was the last post-baseline non-missing result through the 26 week evaluation carried forward.

  2. Change From Baseline in Proportion of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Symptom-Free Nights (AM Diary Symptoms) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Endpoint (26 weeks) ]
    Prior to the use of study drug rescue medication (in the morning upon awakening) the participant evaluated the COPD symptoms of wheezing, cough, and difficulty breathing. A symptom-free night was defined as a combined score of 0 (no symptoms) across all three COPD symptoms evaluated the following morning. Proportion for Baseline included data from the last week before the first dose. Proportion for Endpoint included data across the entire 26-week treatment period.

  3. Number of Participants With Partly Stable COPD [ Time Frame: Endpoint (26 weeks) ]

    Partly stable COPD was a composite measure that included the following COPD

    outcomes: (1) No oral steroid rescue medication; (2) No AM or PM COPD weekly

    average symptom score greater than 2 during at least 7 of 8 weeks; (3) No moderate or severe exacerbations; (4) No unscheduled visits due to COPD worsenings; (5) No study discontinuation due to treatment failure or treatment-related adverse event as determined by the investigator.

  4. Number of Participants With Mild, Moderate, or Severe COPD Exacerbations [ Time Frame: Endpoint (26 weeks) ]

    Mild = 12 or more inhalations/day of inhaled rescue medication or 2 or more

    nebulized treatments/day of inhaled rescue medication. Moderate = treatment with

    antibiotics or oral steroids. Severe = emergency room treatment or hospitalizations of survival curves. If an event was composed of multiple criteria, the most severe criteria was assigned to the event.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Moderate to severe COPD based on prebronchodilator FEV1/forced vital capacity (FVC) ratio of <=70%.
  • At Screening & Baseline, postbronchodilator FEV1 must be >= 60% predicted normal & >=25% predicted normal.
  • COPD symptoms for >=24 months.
  • >=2 COPD exacerbations requiring course of oral corticosteroid &/or antibiotics within 2-12 months before screening.
  • Ex- or current smoker with smoking history >=10 pack years.
  • Only albuterol/salbutamol for relief for at least 2 weeks prior to randomization.
  • Withdraw from parenteral & oral steroids, anticholinergics, & antibiotics 4 weeks prior to Screening.
  • No harm in changing current COPD therapy, willing to discontinue his/her anticholinergics, inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) or ICS/long-acting beta agonists (LABA) at Screening, & transferred to albuterol/salbutamol for relief for 2 weeks prior to Randomization.
  • Lab tests conducted at Screening must be acceptable to investigator. Electrocardiogram (ECG) performed at Screening or within 30 days prior to Screening must be acceptable to investigator. Chest X-ray or computerized tomography (CT) scan is acceptable within 12 months prior to Screening must be acceptable to investigator.
  • Female of childbearing potential must use birth control. Includes: hormonal contraceptives, intra-uterine device (IUD), condom in combination with spermicide, monogamous relationship with male partner who had vasectomy. Started birth control at least 3 months prior to Screening (exception condom), & must agree to continue. Female who is not currently sexually active must agree/consent to using a method should she become sexually active. Women who have been surgically sterilized or are at least 1 year postmenopausal are not considered to be of childbearing potential. Female must have negative serum pregnancy test at Screening.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence (upon visual inspection) of oropharyngeal candidiasis at Baseline with or without treatment. If there is evidence at Screening, may be treated as appropriate & visit can be scheduled upon resolution. If there is evidence at Baseline, may be treated as appropriate & visit can be rescheduled upon resolution.
  • History of renal, hepatic, cardiovascular, metabolic, neurologic, hematologic, ophthalmological, respiratory, gastrointestinal, cerebrovascular, or other which could interfere with study or require treatment which might interfere with study. Examples include (but are not limited to) hypertension treated with beta-blockers), active hepatitis, coronary artery disease, arrhythmia, significant QTc prolongation (ie QTcF or QTcB [Fridericia or Bazett corrections, respectively >500 milliseconds (msecs)]) stroke, severe rheumatoid arthritis, chronic open-angle glaucoma or posterior subcapsular cataracts, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), or conditions that may interfere with respiratory function such as asthma, bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis. Others which are well-controlled & stable (eg hypertension not requiring beta-blockers) will not prohibit participation if appropriate to investigator.
  • Allergy/sensitivity to glucocorticosteroids, beta-2 agonists, study drug/excipients.
  • Female who is breast-feeding, pregnant, or intends to become pregnant.
  • Illicit drug user.
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive (testing not conducted).
  • Unable to correctly use oral MDI.
  • Taking any restricted medications prior to Screening without meeting washout.
  • Cannot adhere to permitted concomitant & prohibited medications.
  • May not participate in this same study at another investigational site. Cannot participate in different investigational study at any site, during same time.
  • Not be randomized into study more than once.
  • No person directly associated with administration of study may participate.
  • Previously participated in MF/F trial.
  • Increase in absolute volume of >=400 milliliters (mL) at Screening or prior to Baseline within 30 minutes after administration of 4 inhalations of albuterol/salbutamol (total dose of 360 to 400 mcg), or nebulized 2.5 mg albuterol/salbutamol.
  • Asthma.
  • Lobectomy, pneumonectomy or lung volume reduction surgery.
  • Lung cancer.
  • Requires long-term administration of oxygen (>15 hours/day).
  • Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency.
  • A history and/or presence of intraocular pressure in either eye >=22 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg), glaucoma, and/or posterior subcapsular cataracts. A subject who has undergone incisional or intraocular surgery in which the natural lens is still present in the eye. A subject with a history of penetrating trauma to both eyes. A subject with one or more of the following Lens Opacities Classification System (LOCS) III grades at screening:

    • nuclear opalescence (NO): >=3.0,
    • nuclear color (NC): >=3.0,
    • cortical cataract (C): >=2.0,
    • posterior subcapsular (P): >=0.5.
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. Identifier: NCT00383721    
Other Study ID Numbers: P04230
Doc ID: 3227335,
Eudract No: 2006-002309-30,
First Posted: October 3, 2006    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 26, 2011
Last Update Posted: April 11, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Mometasone Furoate
Formoterol Fumarate
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic beta-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Anti-Allergic Agents