BHT-3009 Immunotherapy in Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00382629
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 29, 2006
Last Update Posted : February 11, 2008
Information provided by:
Bayhill Therapeutics

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine if BHT-3009 decreases inflammation (measured by gadolinium enhancing MRI lesions) in the brains of people with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis Drug: BHT-3009 0.5 mg Drug: BHT-3009 1.5 mg Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

People with multiple sclerosis are thought to have abnormal immunity. Usually the body's immune system attacks only foreign substances, but people with MS have abnormal immunity, where the immune system attacks normal proteins, one of which is a protein found in the brain called MBP (myelin basic protein). This abnormal immunity causes inflammation in the brain resulting in nerve damage. BHT-3009 is a drug that is designed to decrease this abnormal immunity to MBP. BHT-3009 is a DNA plasmid that contains the gene for MBP. Plasmids are circular pieces of DNA that are being tested in clinical trials for their ability to alter patients' immune systems. Two different doses of BHT-3009 will be tested to determine if there are any differences in their safety or effects on inflammation.

Treatment in this study is 3 doses every two weeks for 6 weeks, followed by a dose every 4 weeks for a total of 13 doses in 44 weeks.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 252 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: BHT-3009 Immunotherapy in Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
Study Start Date : February 2006
Study Completion Date : June 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluate the effect of BHT-3009 on the mean four-week rate of occurrence of new gadolinium (Gd) enhancing MRI lesions in relapsing remitting MS.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluate the safety and tolerability of intramuscular injections of BHT-3009 given for a total of one year.
  2. Evaluate the effect of BHT-3009 on other cranial MRI measures.
  3. Describe the effect of BHT-3009 therapy on relapse rate.
  4. Describe the effect of BHT-3009 on subject disability scores.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Definite diagnosis of multiple sclerosis by the McDonald criteria.
  2. Screening cranial MRI demonstrating lesions consistent with MS.
  3. One or more relapses within the previous year.
  4. Clinically stable (no relapses) for > 50 days before beginning screening procedures and during the screening period.
  5. EDSS 0 to 3.5 inclusive.
  6. Age > 17 years and < 56 years.
  7. Willing and able to give informed consent.
  8. WBC >3,000; platelets >100,000; hemoglobin > 10.0 g/dl.
  9. AST, ALT, bilirubin < 2.0 x upper limit of normal.
  10. Creatinine < 2.0 x upper limit of normal.
  11. Negative test for HIV.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Primary progressive, secondary progressive or progressive relapsing MS.
  2. More than 5 gadolinium-enhancing lesions on the first screening MRI.
  3. High-dose corticosteroids (e.g. > 500 mg methylprednisolone or equivalent per day for 3 or more days) within 50 days prior to beginning screening procedures.
  4. Previous stem cell transplantation, total lymphoid radiation, or cytotoxic therapy.
  5. Treatment with interferon, glatiramer acetate or other approved disease-modifying agent for > 180 days (lifetime total of all agents).
  6. Treatment with an approved disease modifying agent within 180 days of beginning screening procedures.
  7. Previous treatment of MS with an experimental agent including off-label use of approved drugs. (Allowed with approval of the Medical Monitor.)
  8. Prior therapy with natalizumab (Tysabri).
  9. Pregnant or lactating women.
  10. Unwilling to use a medically acceptable form of birth control (e.g. hormonal contraception, intrauterine device, double barriers, sterilization of self or partner).
  11. Clinically significant ECG abnormalities (e.g. acute ischemia or life-threatening arrhythmia).
  12. Medical condition or social circumstances that would in the opinion of the investigator prevent full participation in the trial or evaluation of study endpoints.
  13. Implanted pace makers, defibrillators or other metallic objects on or inside the body that limit performing MRI scans.
  14. Known hypersensitivity or allergy to gadolinium.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00382629

Sponsors and Collaborators
Bayhill Therapeutics
Study Director: Frank Valone, MD Bayhill Therapeutics Identifier: NCT00382629     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BHT-3009-03
First Posted: September 29, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 11, 2008
Last Verified: February 2008

Keywords provided by Bayhill Therapeutics:
Multiple sclerosis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases