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GMB: Study of Truvada (TDF+FTC) or Emtricitabine (FTC) Alone Versus HAART Interruption in HIV-Infected Patients With Resistance

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00362687
First Posted: August 10, 2006
Last Update Posted: March 31, 2009
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
Gilead Sciences
  Purpose
Many patients who already harbor drug-resistant HIV require interruption of HAART due to poor compliance, poor quality of life, toxicity or development of resistance. In these patients interruption of HAART has a negative impact on patient immune status due to the reemergence of wild-type virus which is in general more pathogenic than HIV isolates containing resistance mutations. There is a need for "bridging" antiretroviral regimens that might prolong time off conventional HAART whilst waiting for a new regimen that is either fully suppressive or less toxic or less demanding for the patient.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections Drug: Truvada (TDF+FTC) alone Drug: FTC alone Procedure: No HAART Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: GMB: Phase IV, Multicenter, Randomized, Open-Label Pilot Study of Truvada (TDF+FTC) or Emtricitabine (FTC) Alone Versus HAART Interruption in HIV-Infected Patients Who Need to Interrupt HAART and Who Are Infected With HIV Isolates Containing at Least 2 TAMs (or K65R) and M184V

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Gilead Sciences:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To compare CD4 cell loses 24 weeks after HAART discontinuation [ Time Frame: Through 48 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of patients with re-initiation of HAART within 24 and 48 weeks [ Time Frame: Through 48 weeks ]
  • To compare CD4 cell loses 48 weeks after HAART discontinuation [ Time Frame: Through 48 weeks ]
  • To compare HIV viral loads 4, 24 and 48 weeks after HAART discontinuation:time-weighted average change from baseline through 24 and 48 weeks (DAVG24 and DAVG48) for log10 plasma HIV-1 RNA for patients with plasma HIV-1 RNA >50 copies/mL at baseline [ Time Frame: Through 48 weeks ]
  • To compare HIV viral loads 4, 24 and 48 weeks after HAART discontinuation: time-weighted average change from 4 weeks through 24 and 48 weeks (DAVG24 and DAVG48) for log10 plasma HIV-1 RNA for patients with <50 copies/mL at baseline [ Time Frame: Through 48 weeks ]
  • To compare HIV viral loads 4, 24 and 48 weeks after HAART discontinuation: proportion of patients with HIV RNA <400 and <50 copies/mL at 4 weeks for subjects with plasma HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL at baseline [ Time Frame: Through 48 weeks ]
  • To compare HIV viral loads 4, 24 and 48 weeks after HAART discontinuation: compare log10 plasma HIV-1 RNA at week 4 for patients with HIV-RNA < 50 copies/mL at baseline. [ Time Frame: Through 48 weeks ]
  • To compare development of new mutations in the reverse transcriptase gene 24 and 48 weeks after HAART discontinuation. [ Time Frame: Through 48 weeks ]
  • Proportion of patients with any adverse event. [ Time Frame: Through 48 weeks ]
  • Proportion of patients for each adverse event. [ Time Frame: Through 48 weeks ]
  • Distribution of the intensity if each adverse event (the greatest intensity for each adverse event within a patient will be considered). [ Time Frame: Through 48 weeks ]
  • Distribution of the relationship between the adverse effect and the study drug (the strongest relation with the study drug for each adverse event within each patient will be considered). [ Time Frame: Through 48 weeks ]
  • Proportion of patients who discontinue the study prematurely (before week 48)due to adverse events. [ Time Frame: Through 48 weeks ]
  • Changes in patient's quality of life analyses. [ Time Frame: Through 48 weeks ]

Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: November 2006
Study Completion Date: October 2008
Primary Completion Date: May 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Truvada 1 tablet once a day.
Drug: Truvada (TDF+FTC) alone
tenofovir DF 300 mg and emtricitabine 200 mg in a fixed dose tablet formulation
Procedure: No HAART
No HAART
Experimental: 2
Emtricitabine 1 capsule once a day
Drug: FTC alone
emtricitabine 200 mg
Procedure: No HAART
No HAART

  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

HIV-1 infection documented by confirmed positive HIV-1 antibody test and/or positive PCR for HIV-1 RNA.

  • Adult patients (over 18 years of age).
  • Available genotype (current or historical) showing M184V and (≥ 2 TAMs or K65R).
  • CD4 cell count ≥ 350 cells/mL.
  • Patient request HAART interruption due to any of the following:

    1. Patient is receiving a suppressive HAART regimen but has problems with adherence,quality of life or toxicity AND there is no alternative simpler, less toxic regimen (typically patients with substantial resistance and good virological control while receiving multiple antiretrovirals).
    2. Due to resistance, patient is receiving a non-suppressive HAART regimen but patient is not willing to change to a new, already available, more complicated optimized salvage regimen (typically 3rd or 4th line of therapy).
  • For women of childbearing potential, negative urine pregnancy test at screening visit.
  • Agreement to take part in the study and sign the informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients receiving a non-registered antiretroviral (ARV) drug.

  • Patients who have < 50 HIV-RNA copies/mL while receiving an NNRTI.
  • Serum HBsAg positive and patient is receiving an anti-HBV active nucleoside/nucleotide.
  • Hypersensitivity to one of the components of the dosage forms of TDF or FTC, or previous history of intolerance to one of these drugs.
  • Known history of drug abuse or chronic alcohol consumption that in the clinician opinion contraindicates participation in the study.
  • Women who are pregnant or breast feeding or females of childbearing potential who do not use an adequate method of contraception according to the investigator's judgment.
  • Current active opportunistic infection or documented infection within the previous 4 weeks.
  • Documented active malignant disease (excluding Kaposi sarcoma limited to the skin).
  • Renal disease with creatinine clearance < 50 mL/min.
  • Concomitant use of nephrotoxic or immuno-suppressive drugs (should be stopped prior to enrollment)
  • Receiving on-going therapy with systemic corticosteroids, Interleukin-2 (IL-2) or chemotherapy.
  • Patients who are not to be included in the study according to the investigator's criterion.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00362687


Locations
Spain
Gilead Sciences, S.L.
Madrid, Spain, E-28036
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gilead Sciences
Investigators
Study Director: Pedro Ferrer Gilead Sciences, S.L.
  More Information

Responsible Party: Pedro Ferrer, Gilead Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00362687     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GS-ES-164-0151
First Submitted: August 9, 2006
First Posted: August 10, 2006
Last Update Posted: March 31, 2009
Last Verified: March 2009

Keywords provided by Gilead Sciences:
HIV, HAART

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Emtricitabine
Emtricitabine, Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Drug Combination
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Anti-HIV Agents