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Evaluating the Effect of Neighborhood Environments on Cardiovascular Risk Factors

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Colorado, Denver Identifier:
First received: August 4, 2006
Last updated: December 23, 2013
Last verified: December 2013

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the main causes of death in the United States. Research has shown that individuals who maintain an active lifestyle are less likely to develop CVD. This study will examine how neighborhood environments influence CVD risk factors of residents in and around the Stapleton community of Denver, Colorado.

Cardiovascular Diseases

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Reducing CVD (Cardiovascular Disease) Risk and Health Disparities Through Active Living Communities

Further study details as provided by University of Colorado, Denver:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Effect of the neighborhood environment on the cardiovascular health of residents [ Time Frame: Measured during Years 1 and 2 of the study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 1140
Study Start Date: September 2006
Study Completion Date: May 2009
Primary Completion Date: May 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

CVD is a major health problem in the United States. Individuals who live in an environment in which it is difficult to maintain an active lifestyle may be more at risk for developing CVD. Because of an increased interest in healthy living, urban planners and architects are now developing neighborhoods that are designed to encourage physical activity. Parks, walking and bicycle trails, wider sidewalks, and community recreation facilities are examples of amenities that are being included in these neighborhoods. By incorporating these enhancements, the Stapleton community in Denver, Colorado has been redeveloped as a more active living environment. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of the neighborhood environment on the cardiovascular health of residents in five racially, ethnically, and socioeconomically diverse neighborhoods in or near the Stapleton community.

In Years 1 and 2 of this study, 200 households from each of the five neighborhoods will be randomly chosen to complete a survey regarding their cardiovascular health, physical activity level, and use and perception of their neighborhood environment and facilities, for a total of 1,000 surveys. Interviews and focus groups with members of the community will also be used to gather information. Additionally, a neighborhood council composed of community members will be formed to study disparities among the five neighborhoods in their use of their neighborhood environments, their physical activity levels, and their cardiovascular risk factors. In Year 2, study researchers will analyze the collected data and distribute the findings within the communities. They will also begin testing culturally and community relevant programs aimed at reducing CVD risk factors.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Residents of one of the following five neighborhoods in the Greater Stapleton Community: Northeast Park Hill, Greater Park Hill, East Montclair, Stapleton, or Original Aurora


Inclusion Criteria:

  • Live in one of the following five neighborhoods in the Greater Stapleton Community: Northeast Park Hill, Greater Park Hill, East Montclair, Stapleton, or Original Aurora
  • Speak either English or Spanish
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00361673

United States, Colorado
University of Colorado Denver
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
University of Colorado Denver
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80217
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Colorado, Denver
Principal Investigator: Debbi S. Main, PhD University of Colorado, Denver
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Colorado, Denver Identifier: NCT00361673     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06-0264, R21HL083866, R21 HL083866-01
Study First Received: August 4, 2006
Last Updated: December 23, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by University of Colorado, Denver:
Health Disparities
Built Environments

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases processed this record on February 26, 2015