The proposed research intends to construct a set of tissue microarrays containing different types of lung cancer tissues for the study of genes associated with lung cancer. In this study, lung tissue arrays will be generated using paraffin embedded archival tissues containing adjacent normal tissues and tumors from approximately 300 non-small cell lung cancers and 100 neuroendocrine tumors of the lung. Corded tissues of 0.6 um in diameter will be taken from each tumor and arrayed onto recipient paraffin blocks to generate a lung tumor specific microarray. Four-micrometer thickness sections will be cut from the tissue array and used to survey gene expression status in arrayed tumors using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH, in situ hybridization, and/or immunohistochemistry methods. Additionally, approximately 20 sections will be cut from each primary tumor block to isolate genomic DNA for the analysis of genetic changes in the arrayed tumor samples. The goals of this proposal are 1) to generate a single tissue block containing multiple tumors, 2) allow rapid and efficient analysis of gene expressions in a large number of samples using a single tissue section, and 3) to correlate the molecular changes in the tumors with the clinical and pathological features of the disease. Due to the experimental nature of the research and the fact that all tumors obtained are archival tissues at AFIP, the investigators will not report the result of gene expression back to the subject.
To date, all samples needed for the protocol have been reached and there will be no more patient accrual but survival status of the patients as well as molecular analysis using the constructed lung tissue microarrays will continue for the foreseeable future.