Comparison of Abacavir Following Once-Daily And Twice-Daily Administration In HIV Infected Subjects

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00320307
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 3, 2006
Last Update Posted : October 16, 2008
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Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study is to look at the levels of the drug abacavir (ABC) in blood. Also, the study will look at the levels of carbovir triphosphate (CBV-TP), which is the active substance produced from ABC in the bodyâ s cells which helps prevent HIV from multiplying. CBV-TP will be measured in specific blood cells. The amount of ABC and CBV-TP will be looked at when subjects receive ABC as a 300mg dose twice a day and compared with the levels when they receive ABC as a 600mg dose once a day.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infection Drug: abacavir Phase 1

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label, Two-Period, Crossover, Pharmacokinetic Study of Abacavir and Its Intracellular Anabolite Carbovir Triphosphate Following Once-Daily and Twice-Daily Administration of Abacavir in HIV-Infected Subjects.
Study Start Date : September 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS
U.S. FDA Resources

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To assess the pharmacokinetics of intracellular CBV-TP at steady state following administration of 600 mg QD and 300 mg BID ABC-containing regimens in HIV infected adult subjects. [ Time Frame: throughout the study ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. - To compare plasma concentrations of ABC, and intracellular CBV-TP - To assess the safety and tolerability of dosing with ABC 300mg BID and 600mg QD. - To assess potential gender effects in the pharmacokinetics of ABC. [ Time Frame: throughout the study ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion criteria:

  • Healthy adults , inclusively.
  • Documented HIV-1 infection (documented by historical data or current validated assay).
  • Undetectable viral load.
  • Currently on an ABC-tablet containing regimen for at least 8 weeks.
  • Willingness to temporarily switch ABC schedule from BID to QD, or vice versa, for 11 days.
  • Weigh between 40-100kg, inclusive.

Exclusion criteria:

  • Subjects who are receiving tenofovir.
  • Previous study participation in other experimental drug trial(s) within 30 days before the screening phase of the study.
  • Subjects who currently regularly take drugs-of-abuse, with the exception of cannabinoids.
  • Subjects who cannot refrain from taking herbal remedies during the course of the study.
  • Subjects who regularly consume more than an average amount of alcohol per day.
  • Poor general health preventing fasting or blood sampling.
  • Subjects who are not able to discontinue use of hydroxyurea, mycophenolate or ribavirin for 14 days prior to entering the study until discharge from the study.
  • An unwillingness of a male subject to abstain from sexual intercourse with women of childbearing potential or an unwillingness to use a condom in addition to having their female partner use another form of contraception.
  • The subject is pregnant or nursing an infant.
  • History of symptoms consistent with a hypersensitivity reaction to ABC.
  • Positive HCV Antibody or HepBsAg (Hepatitis B surface antigen).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00320307

United Kingdom
GSK Investigational Site
London, United Kingdom, SW10 9TH
Sponsors and Collaborators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials, MD GlaxoSmithKline

Responsible Party: Study Director, GSK Identifier: NCT00320307     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CAL102120
First Posted: May 3, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 16, 2008
Last Verified: October 2008

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Abacavir regime

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-HIV Agents