Drug Use Prevention Among Girls Through a Mother-Daughter Intervention

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00310258
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 3, 2006
Last Update Posted : January 11, 2017
Information provided by:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Brief Summary:

This study will develop and test drug use prevention strategies for low-income, minority girls. Gender-specific substance use rates, risk and protective factors, and health outcomes highlight the need for interventions aimed at girls. Girls and boys share a number of risk factors, yet some factors are more salient for one gender. Girls and boys may also be affected differently by the same risk factors. Intervention planned for this study emphasizes risk and protective factors that impact girls. Our intervention will build mother-daughter communication and closeness; enhance girls' self-efficacy and body esteem; nurture girls' conflict management, problem-solving, stress reduction, and refusal skills; correct perceived norms; build social supports; and establish patterns of parental monitoring and supervision. We hypothesise that girls who receive GSI will have lower 3-year follow-up rates of substance use than girls who receive no intervention.

The study will occur in three phases. In a 12-month preparation phase, we will refine and complete intervention and measurement protocols, recruit subjects and randomly assign girls and mothers to study arms, and pretest girls and mothers. A 12-month implementation phase will initiate field operations of the clinical trial, including intervention delivery, process data collection, and posttests. Follow-up in the last 36 months will involve longitudinal measurements of girls and mothers, booster session development and delivery, and data analyses.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adolescent Behavior Behavioral: Drug use prevention intervention Phase 3

Detailed Description:

The study has two primary and seven secondary aims.

Primary Aims:

  • 1. Develop a family-based girl-specific intervention (GSI) to prevent substance use.
  • 2. Test the efficacy of GSI.

Secondary Aims:

  • 3. Test GSI to improve mediating factors of girls' mother-daughter affective quality, coping, refusal skills, mood management, conflict resolution, problem solving, self-efficacy, body esteem, normative beliefs, social supports, and mother-daughter communication.
  • 4. Examine the effects of mediating factors on girls' substance use behavior.
  • 5. Test GSI to improve mothers' use of family rituals, rules against substance use, child management, mother-daughter affective quality, and communication with their daughters.
  • 6. Examine the effects of mother' outcomes on their daughters' substance use behavior.
  • 7. Test the effects of dose on participants' outcomes.
  • 8. Determine if GSI has differential outcomes related to ethnic-racial group profile.

    9. Quantify the costs of intervention development and delivery.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 2000 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Drug Abuse Prevention: A Mother-Daughter Intervention
Study Start Date : April 2005
Study Completion Date : February 2006

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Scores on substance use behavior at posttest, and annually for 3 years after posttest.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. scores on mediating variables at posttest, and annually for 3 years after posttest.
  2. closeness with mother
  3. coping skills
  4. refusal skills
  5. depression (mood)
  6. conflict resolution
  7. problem solving
  8. self-efficacy
  9. body image
  10. normative beliefs

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   11 Years to 13 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • girls ages 11 to 13 years old at pretest and their mothers who have access to a private computer

Exclusion Criteria:

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00310258

United States, New York
Columbia University School of Social Work
New York, New York, United States, 10027
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Principal Investigator: Steven Schinke, Ph.D. Columbia University