AZD2171 and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Women With Locally Advanced Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00310089
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 3, 2006
Last Update Posted : June 20, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: AZD2171 may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and docetaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving AZD2171 together with combination chemotherapy before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed and may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying how well giving AZD2171 together with combination chemotherapy works in treating women with locally advanced breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Biological: filgrastim Biological: pegfilgrastim Drug: cediranib maleate Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: docetaxel Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Procedure: conventional surgery Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy Not Applicable

Detailed Description:



  • Determine the overall pathologic complete response rate in women with previously untreated, locally advanced breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant AZD2171, doxorubicin hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, and docetaxel.


  • Compare changes in pretreatment levels of pKDR after 1 course of AZD2171 vs no medication.
  • Determine the number of patients who respond to combination therapy beginning with the second course of therapy.
  • Determine the clinical response rate in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the safety of this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the changes in tumor proliferation (Ki67) in these patients.
  • Determine the pharmacokinetics and pharmacogenetics of this regimen in these patients.
  • Correlate angiogenic parameters with tumor response in these patients.
  • Determine tumor vascularity and permeability before and after treatment as seen on dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI and initial area under the gadolinium curve.
  • Determine tumor choline levels before and after treatment as measured by quantitative single-voxel MR spectroscopy and correlate with response.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, randomized, pilot study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive oral AZD2171 once daily on days 1-7* during course 1. During the second and subsequent courses, patients receive oral AZD2171 once daily on days 1-21, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 3-5 minutes, cyclophosphamide IV over 30 minutes, and docetaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1. Patients also receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) on days 2-11 or pegfilgrastim SC on day 2. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

NOTE: *If biopsy cannot be scheduled prior to day 7 or 8 of course 1, AZD2171 alone can be continued for up to 14 days.

  • Arm II (control): Beginning during the second course, patients receive AZD2171, doxorubicin hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, docetaxel, and G-CSF or pegfilgrastim as in arm I.

All patients undergo tumor biopsiesat at baseline, before courses 2 and 4, and 3 weels after completion of study treatment. Tissue is examined for various biomarkers (phosphorylated-KDR, -MAPK, and -Akt, Ki67, VEGF, and p53) and for DNA ploidy analysis**.

NOTE: **Patients also undergo dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI and quantitative magnetic resonance spectroscopy 1 week before beginning therapy, 24 hours after starting therapy, prior to courses 2, 4, and 6, and 3 weeks after completion of study treatment.

After completion of AZD2171 and chemotherapy, patients undergo surgical resection.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed for 4 weeks.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 30 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 33 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study to Evaluate The Effects of Neoadjuvant AZD2171, a VEGF Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor With Docetaxel, Doxorubicin, and Cyclophosphamide Chemotherapy in Previously Untreated Locally Advanced Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : January 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer
U.S. FDA Resources

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed breast cancer, meeting 1 of the following criteria:

    • Previously untreated disease
    • Inflammatory disease
    • Locally advanced breast cancer (stage IIIA, IIIB, or IIIC disease)
  • Measurable disease, defined as ≥ 1 unidimensionally measurable lesion (longest diameter) ≥ 20 mm by conventional techniques or ≥ 10 mm by spiral CT scan or breast MRI
  • Accessible tumor tissue for serial biopsy
  • No overexpression of HER2
  • No known brain metastases secondary to breast cancer
  • Hormone receptor status not specified


  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Karnofsky performance status 60-100%
  • Life expectancy > 3 months
  • Female only
  • Menopausal status not specified
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL
  • Bilirubin normal (≤ 2 times upper limit of normal [ULN] if evidence of Gilbert's disease and elevated bilirubin not related to tumor or other liver disease)
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 ULN
  • Creatinine normal OR creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min
  • Proteinurea ≤ +1 on 2 consecutive dipsticks at least 1 week apart
  • INR ≤ 1.5
  • LVEF ≥ 50% by MUGA or echocardiogram without clinical symptoms or signs of heart failure
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • No peripheral neuropathy ≥ grade 2
  • No known CNS disease, including history of stroke or seizures not controlled by standard medical therapy
  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to docetaxel, doxorubicin hydrochloride, or cyclophosphamide
  • No uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, any of the following:

    • Hypertension
    • Ongoing or active infection requiring IV antibiotics
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Cardiac arrhythmia
    • Peripheral vascular disease ≥ grade II
    • Psychiatric illness/social situation that would preclude study treatment
  • No nonhealing wounds or bone fractures within the past 28 days
  • No history of an active malignancy except carcinoma in situ of the cervix or nonmelanomatous skin cancer in the past 5 years


  • No prior surgery, chemotherapy, or hormonal therapy for breast cancer
  • No concurrent medication that may affect renal function (e.g., amphotericin B or pentamidine)
  • No full-dose oral or parenteral anticoagulants or chronic daily treatment with aspirin (dose > 325 mg/day) within the past 10 days
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No other concurrent commercially available drugs for this cancer
  • No concurrent antiretroviral therapy for known HIV infection
  • No major surgery within the past 28 days

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00310089

United States, Maryland
Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Studies Support
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892-1182
United States, New Jersey
Cancer Institute of New Jersey at UMDNJ - Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08903
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Neelima Denduluri, MD National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00310089     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00273923
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000466185
First Posted: April 3, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 20, 2013
Last Verified: January 2007

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage IIIA breast cancer
stage IIIB breast cancer
stage IIIC breast cancer
inflammatory breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Liposomal doxorubicin
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Protein Kinase Inhibitors