Safety Study Comparing a Vaccine Transcutaneous Administration to the Intramuscular Route (MANON-05)
The rationale for transcutaneous vaccination is based on the unique ability of cutaneous immune cells, especially Langerhans cells (LCs), to present antigens to the immune system. DCs can be found at high densities in the epidermis and the dermis of human skin, a fraction of which are the epidermal LCs. It is known that strong and efficient immune responses can be induced by targeting vaccines to skin APCs (Glenn 2003, Partidos 2003), e.g. by epicutaneous application of smallpox vaccine on scarified skin. Several obstacles however prevent vaccines from attaining sufficiently high and free concentrations in these target skin DCs.
In this clinical trial we aim at testing the safety and immunogenicity of this new transcutaneous route of vaccine administration, first with a licensed, well-known, safe and highly immunogenic vaccine i.e. Tetagrip® vaccine, which is licensed for subcutaneous (s.c.) and intra-muscular routes (i.m), and to compare the induced vaccine-specific immune responses to those induced with the conventional (i.m) injection. We hypothesize that the transcutaneous application of Tetagrip® in the commercially available standard preparation of 0.5 ml should be capable to induce at least similar antibody and CD4 and/or CD8 T cell responses to both the tetanus and the flu vaccinal antigens.
This Phase I, open label, randomized study is designed to evaluate and to compare the safety and immunogenicity of a transcutaneous mode of Tetanus / Influenza vaccination to the conventional i.m. route of vaccine administration in two cohorts: The cohort I constituted of healthy volunteers and the cohort II of HIV-infected patients in whom the virus is stably controlled by antiretroviral therapy, ensuring an immune competence and a capacity to respond to vaccines.
|Healthy Volunteers HIV Infection||Biological: Transcutaneous mode of administration Biological: Intramuscular mode of administration||Phase 1|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Randomized Comparative Phase I Study to Evaluate and to Compare the Safety and Immunogenicity of a Transcutaneous Mode of Administration of a Licensed Tetanus/Influenza Vaccine to the Conventional Intramuscular Route of Vaccine Administration in Healthy Volunteers and HIV-infected Patients|
- Clinical local and systemic tolerance to Tetagrip® vaccine administration for both transcutaneous (TC) and intramuscular (i.m) routes of administration .
- The protective tetanus and influenza-specific antibodies GMT titers.
- The increase in tetanus and influenza specific antibody titers between baseline and day 14 and day 28.
- The tetanus and influenza CD4 and CD8 peripheral blood T cells numbers.
- The characteristics of vaccine-specific CD4 and CD8 T cell differentiation.
- Proportion of responders with protective specific antibodies GMT titers
|Study Start Date:||October 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: Transcutaneous||Biological: Transcutaneous mode of administration|
|Active Comparator: Intramuscular||Biological: Intramuscular mode of administration|
The proposed study aims to translate our current knowledge about vaccinology, immunology of the skin and on transcutaneous penetration of epicutaneously applied active compounds, into the development of more efficient and well tolerated vaccines, and to progress toward an easy-to-apply patch system for transcutaneous application of vaccines.
To that purpose we aim at testing the safety and immunogenicity of a new transcutaneous route of vaccine administration. We propose to test this new route first with a well-known, safe and highly immunogenic vaccine i.e. anti-influenza and tetanus vaccine which is licensed for sub-cutaneous and intra-muscular routes, and to compare the vaccine-specific immune responses induced after transcutaneous administration to the conventional intramuscular (i.m) injection. Seasonal vaccination against influenza is recommended for all individuals at risk for severe flu, including persons above 60 years of age or suffering from chronic diseases and for medical personal. It is also highly recommended at any age to prevent influenza. In addition vaccination against tetanus is mandatory in childhood and requires recall injections every 5 years to protect against the lethal disease caused by the tetanus toxin.
We hypothesize that the transcutaneous application of a licensed anti-influenza-tetanus vaccine in the commercially available standard preparation of 0.5 ml should be capable to induce at least similar antibody and CD4 and/or CD8 T cell responses to both the tetanus and the flu vaccinal antigens.
Tetagrip® vaccine is an approved and commercially available vaccine manufactured by Sanofi-Pasteur, administered in one injection for preventive vaccination of adults against tetanus and influenza. The Tetagrip® vaccine therefore represents a safe and approved test vaccine to evaluate safety and immunogenicity of the mode of administration under investigation.
The long term goal of this strategy is to improve the efficacy of vaccines that are currently encountering major obstacles such as the HIV vaccines, and to develop a non invasive mode of vaccine administration. Results from this study will help establish a standardized study protocol for the application of HIV-vaccines in future clinical trials.
STUDY DESIGN This Phase I, open label, randomized on the vaccine administration route study is designed to evaluate and to compare the safety and immunogenicity of a transcutaneous mode of Tetanus / Influenza vaccination to the conventional i.m. route of vaccine administration in two cohorts: The cohort I constituted of healthy volunteers and the cohort II of HIV-infected patients in whom the virus is stably controlled by antiretroviral therapy, ensuring an immune competence and a capacity to respond to vaccines.
This is a multisite trial and is being conducted in Germany in two clinical centers:
Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin Clinical Research Center for Hair and Skin Physiology Department of Dermatology and Allergy Schumannstr. 20/21 10117 Berlin, Germany.
Cohort II :
Hospital of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main HIV Treatment & Research Unit Department of Internal Medicine II Theodor-Stern-Kai 7 60590 Frankfurt am Main -Germany
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00261001
|Hospital of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main|
|Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 60590|
|Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin|
|Berlin, Germany, 10117|
|Study Chair:||Christine Katlama, Professor/MD||Objectif Recherche Vaccin Sida|
|Principal Investigator:||Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Professor/MD||Charite University, Berlin, Germany|
|Study Chair:||Brigitte Autran, Prof/MD/PhD||ORVACS|