A Theory Based HIV Prevention Video For Rapid HIV Testing: A Randomized Trial
OraQuick is a safe, rapid test that accurately identifies HIV in as little as 20 minutes. By providing an accurate, quick method for detecting a person's serostatus and access to immediate post-test counseling, rapid testing has a crucial role in identifying HIV status and improving post-test counseling rates in populations who are at high risk of HIV infection and high failure to return rates. This prospective randomized control trial compared the educational effectiveness of a fifteen-minute post-test counseling video with the normal practice of a session with an HIV counselor.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Bio-equivalence Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Caregiver)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||A Randomized Control Trial Evaluating the Educational Effectiveness of a Rapid HIV Post-Test Counseling Video.|
- Mean Knowledge Score within both groups. [ Time Frame: One year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Overall condom intention measures and Condom Self efficacy measures [ Time Frame: One year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||May 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No Intervention: HIV counselor
Patients who tested for HIV and consent to participate in the study receive a posttest educational session with an HIV counselor. Afterwards, patients complete an assessment tool concerning HIV prevention and transmission.
Experimental: Post test video
Patients who tested for HIV and consent to participate in the study watch a a 15-minute HIV posttest educational video available in English/Spanish. Afterwards, patients complete an assessment tool concerning HIV prevention and transmission.
Behavioral: Post test video
We compared the educational effectiveness of a 15-minute posttest counseling video with the normal practice of a session with an HIV counselor.Patients in the experimental group watched an HIV posttest educational video.
A convenience sample of stable patients presenting to the walk-in section of the Jacobi Medical Center Adult ED were recruited for rapid HIV testing. After consenting for the rapid HIV test and completing measures on condom intention and condom use self-efficacy, participants were randomized to either a fifteen-minute HIV post-test educational video available in English or to an HIV counselor for post-test counseling. Afterwards, both groups completed a measure of HIV knowledge assessing relevant testing information and level of satisfaction. An equivalence analysis was carried out to assess whether the video was at least as good as counseling, measured by total score on the knowledge questionnaire, with a lower equivalence bound of -5%.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00250549
|United States, New York|
|Jacobi Medical Center|
|Bronx, New York, United States, 10461|
|Principal Investigator:||Yvette Calderon, MD, MS||Jacobi Medical Center|