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Effects of Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) on Surrogate Markers for Cardiovascular Disease in HIV-1 Infected Patients

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified November 2005 by Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA).
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
Information provided by:
Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA) Identifier:
First received: November 1, 2005
Last updated: July 21, 2009
Last verified: November 2005

This study is a substudy of the MAN2 -study (Mycophenol mofetil in Antiretroviral Naïve patients 2, see elsewhere in the database). In the MAN2 study, HIV-1 infected patients who are not treated with antiretroviral treatment will be randomized to treatment with Mycophenol mofetil (MMF)500 mg BID or a control group without treatment (open label). Both patients randomized to treatment with MMF and patients randomized to the control group will be asked to participate also in this substudy.

In this substudy we want to show whether monotherapy with Mycophenol mofetil (MMF) in patients infected with HIV-1 can reduce acceleration of atherogenesis by attenuating various inflammatory pathways normally involved in progression of atherosclerosis.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infection
Drug: mycophenol mofetil (MMF, Cellcept®) 500 mg BID
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Effects of Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) on Surrogate Markers for Cardiovascular Disease in HIV-1 Infected Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The difference between the two groups (patients treated with MMF and the control group without treatment) in the change (week 0-week 48) in biochemical markers, Flow Mediated Dilation and Intima Media Thickness.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The change (week 0-week 48) within patients in biochemical markers, Flow Mediated Dilation and Intima Media Thickness.

Estimated Enrollment: 90
Study Start Date: April 2005
Detailed Description:
  • background Immune activation plays an important role in atherogenesis. In HIV-1 infection, the immune system is chronically hyperactivated. There also seems to be an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease in untreated HIV-1 infection. Mycophenol mofetil (MMF) will be used to treat this immune activation in untreated HIV-1 infected patients in the MAN2-study (see elsewhere in this database).
  • Hypothesis T-cell inhibition with MMF attenuates T-cell number, T-cell activation and T-cell - monocyte interaction, thereby minimizing the T-cell-driven inflammatory amplification loop.

In addition, MMF reduces expression of adhesion molecules on endothelial cells and leucocytes, thereby attenuating recruitment of circulating leucocytes to the atherosclerotic plaque. Combining these effects MMF treatment will improve anti-atherogenic defence mechanisms, such as improvement of endothelial function and attenuation of the pro-inflammatory state.

*design This will be a substudy of of the multi-center, double-blind, randomized, trial "Mycophenol mofetil in Antiretroviral Naïve patients 2 (MAN2 study)" (called the main study hereafter). The aim of the substudy is to evaluate the effects of mycophenolate mofetil on ´surrogate markers´ for atherosclerosis in a group of HIV-1 infected patients. All 90 patients to be included in the main study will be asked to participate in this substudy. A separate informed consent is needed.

Patients participating in this substudy will undergo study procedures for the substudy only on day 0 and week 48 of the main study (i.e. before the first dose of MMF and after 48 weeks of MMF treatment for the patients randomized to MMF treatment). Extra blood will be drawn to measure several biochemical markers associated with atherosclerosis and will be measured. Furthermore measurements of the condition of the blood vessels will be performed (using ultrasound, amongst others).


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Any patient included in the MAN2-study van enter this substudy (see protocol MAN2 study)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any condition, illness or use of medication which according to the investigator is not compatible with the conduct of the substudy or which could interfere with the evaluations required by the study.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00247494

Department of Internal Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Amsterdam, NH, Netherlands, 1105 AZ
Sponsors and Collaborators
Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA)
Principal Investigator: Erik S Stroes, MD PhD Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Vascular Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00247494     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Myocardh 
Study First Received: November 1, 2005
Last Updated: July 21, 2009

Keywords provided by Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA):

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Cardiovascular Diseases
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Mycophenolate mofetil
Mycophenolic Acid
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents processed this record on February 17, 2017