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Hepsera Versus Hepsera Plus Lamivudine for Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis B in Patients With Normal ALT

This study has been completed.
Gilead Sciences
Information provided by:
University of Washington Identifier:
First received: September 12, 2005
Last updated: November 14, 2007
Last verified: November 2007

This project is a randomized, open-label trial of adefovir dipivoxil (Hepsera) and lamivudine combination therapy versus adefovir dipivoxil (Hepsera) monotherapy. Both adefovir dipivoxil and lamivudine are nucleoside analogues approved by the U.S. FDA for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B.

The primary hypothesis is that subjects treated with combination therapy will see their viral DNA count decrease in an amount greater than subjects treated with monotherapy. The secondary hypothesis is that subjects treated with combination therapy will have a higher HBeAg conversion rate compared to historical controls of subjects treated with lamivudine or adefovir dipivoxil monotherapy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Hepatitis B
Drug: Hepsera
Drug: Hepsera and lamivudine
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy of Adefovir Dipivoxil Versus Adefovir Dipivoxil Plus Lamivudine for the Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis B in Patients With Normal Baseline ALT

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Washington:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Subjects treated with combination therapy will have a decrease in the viral DNA that is greater than the subjects treated with monotherapy. [ Time Frame: one year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Subjects treated with combination therapy will have an improved HBeAg conversion rate compared to historical controls treated with either lamivudine or adefovir dipivoxil monotherapy. [ Time Frame: one year ]

Enrollment: 19
Study Start Date: April 2003
Study Completion Date: August 2007
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Mono therapy
Drug: Hepsera
Active Comparator: Combo therapy Drug: Hepsera and lamivudine


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • older than 18 years
  • HBsAg+ at screening and for at least 6 months prior to study entry
  • HBeAg+
  • HBV DNA greater than 6 log10 copies/mL
  • Platelet count greater than 50,000 platelets/mm3
  • Hemoglobin greater than 7.5 g/dL
  • ALT less than ULN
  • Estimated creatine clearance>50 mL/min as estimated by the Crockcroft-Gault equation ((140-age) x (kg)/(serum creatine x 72) (for women x 0.85))
  • Female and male participants must be practicing an effective form of contraception (male or female condom with spermicide, diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide, intrauterine device, hormonal contraception)
  • Serum alpha-fetoprotein less than 50 ng/mL within 30 days of study entry
  • Childs-Pugh score less than 7 and no ascites, variceal bleeding, or hepatic encephalopathy
  • able to give written informed consent and to comply with the study protocol

Exclusion Criteria:

  • history or evidence of HIV, hepatitis C or hepatitis D
  • known or suspected hypersensitivity to adefovir or other nucleoside/nucleotide analogs.
  • history of clinically significant renal dysfunction
  • any active medical or psychiatric illness that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with subject treatment, assessment, or compliance with the protocol
  • pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • receipt of systemic corticosteroids within 90 days of study entry
  • receipt of nephrotoxic drugs within 8 weeks prior to study screening or expected use of these agents during the course of the study
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00230477

United States, Washington
Harborview Medical Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98104
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Washington
Gilead Sciences
Principal Investigator: John D Scott, MD, MS University of Washington
  More Information Identifier: NCT00230477     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 03-5944-A03
Study First Received: September 12, 2005
Last Updated: November 14, 2007

Keywords provided by University of Washington:
Hepatitis B

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis, Chronic
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B, Chronic
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hepadnaviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Adefovir dipivoxil
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Anti-HIV Agents processed this record on May 25, 2017