Working… Menu

Aquatic Verses Land Exercise to Decrease Fall Risk

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00227071
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 27, 2005
Last Update Posted : January 4, 2006
Saskatchewan Health Research Foundation
Information provided by:
University of Saskatchewan

Brief Summary:
Compare the effect of aquatic,land and no exercise on fall risk factors in women diagnosed with osteoporosis

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteoporosis Behavioral: exercise Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Background and Purpose: Fall prevention through exercise is an ongoing goal of researchers and clinicians. This study compared the effects of aquatic exercise (AE), land exercise (LE) and no exercise (NE) on fall risk factors. Subjects: Seventy-three women, 60 or older, with osteoporosis (OP). Method: Randomized clinical trial comparing balance, posture, strength, mobility, function, falls, and quality of life. Results: Significant differences (p<0.05) were found for participants' ratings of global change (AE and LE > NE), tandem balance (AE > LE) and function (LE > AE). Joint pain and falls occurred more often during LE. Discussion and Conclusion: Participants experienced significant global improvement with both AE and LE. Less joint pain, reduced falls and improved balance were found in AE, however LE was more effective in improving functional ability at home. Clinicians should consider the individual's specific impairments and risk factors when recommending exercise programs on land or in water.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 73 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effect of Water Verses Land Exercise to Decrease Fall Risk in Older Women With Osteoporosis
Study Start Date : September 1999
Study Completion Date : June 2002

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. muscle strength
  2. balance
  3. mobility
  4. function
  5. quality of life

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. bone status

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • age 60 or older
  • diagnosed with osteoporosis
  • female

Exclusion Criteria:

  • has not been involved in regular exercise in past 2 months
  • does not have any medical or neurological condition that would significantly limit activities of daily living, such that involvement in an exercise program would jeopardize safety

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00227071

Layout table for location information
Canada, Saskatchewan
School of Physical Therapy
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, S7N 0W3
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan Health Research Foundation
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Cathy M Arnold University of Saskatchewan
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00227071    
Other Study ID Numbers: BMC 1999-65
First Posted: September 27, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 4, 2006
Last Verified: September 2005
Keywords provided by University of Saskatchewan:
accidental falls
risk factors
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Bone Diseases, Metabolic
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Metabolic Diseases