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Treatment With Peginterferon Alfa-2a (40 KD) of Chronic Hepatitis B Patients, Who Have Failed Anti-viral Treatment

This study has been completed.
Hoffmann-La Roche
Information provided by:
Chinese University of Hong Kong Identifier:
First received: September 23, 2005
Last updated: June 10, 2010
Last verified: October 2008
This study is to investigate the HBV DNA suppression (and HBeAg seroconversion among HBeAg positive patients) pegylated interferon treatment at 24 weeks after end of treatment among patients who have failed anti-viral treatment in the past.

Condition Intervention Phase
Chronic Hepatitis B Drug: Pegylated Interferon-alfa-2a Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Treatment With Peginterferon Alfa-2a (40 KD) (PEGASYS®) of Chronic Hepatitis B Patients, Who Have Failed Anti-viral Treatment. A Pilot Study.

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Chinese University of Hong Kong:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • HBeAg positive patients response is defined as HBeAg loss and presence of anti-HBe (HBeAg seroconversion), HBeAg Negative patients response is defined as DNA<20,000 copies/ml and ALT normalization both measured at week 72

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of patients with HBV DNA levels <100,000 copies/ml at week 72, Percentage of patients with HBV DNA levels <10,000 copies/ml at week 72
  • - Percentage of patients with HBV DNA levels negative by PCR at week 72, ALT normalization at week 72, HBsAg seroconversion at week 72, Safety of treatment

Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: January 2005
Study Completion Date: April 2008
Primary Completion Date: April 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: Pegylated Interferon-alfa-2a
    Pegasys once weekly
Detailed Description:

Chronic hepatitis B is the commonest cause of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in Hong Kong. Persistent high viraemia and necro-inflammation is associated with higher risk of liver-related complications.

Lamivudine and adefovir dipivoxil are the two anti-viral agents that can suppress the replication of the virus. However, these drugs using either alone or in combination only induce HBeAg seroconversion in less than 20% of patients. Most patients therefore required long-term treatment, which has a risk of development of drug resistance. Premature cessation of these anti-viral agents is usually accompanied by relapse of viraemia and hepatitis.

Pegylated interferon-alfa-2a is modified form of interferon with a 40 kDa polyethylene glycol strand attached to a recombinant interferon. This formulation increases the product's half-life from 7-10 hours to 77 hours. Therefore it can be administered on a more convenient once weekly basis. Pegylated interferon-alfa-2a monotherapy for 24 weeks has been shown to induce sustained HBeAg seroconversion in 35% of patients at the optimal dose of 180 mcg weekly. This drug has been found to be more effective than conventional interferon-alfa in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B as well as chronic hepatitis C.

Data on interferon-based treatment among chronic hepatitis B patients who have failed previous anti-viral treatment is scanty. It is uncertain whether pegylated interferon-alfa-2a treatment will be effective in this group of patients. This is a single-center, pilot study on the virological response of chronic HBV infection to pegylated interferon-alfa-2a among patients who have failed anti-viral treatment in the past. This study will investigate the HBV DNA suppression (and HBeAg seroconversion among HBeAg positive patients) pegylated interferon treatment at 24 weeks after end of treatment.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Positive HBsAg for more than 6 months
  • Detectable HBV DNA (patients must have >100,000 copies/ml as measured by PCR)
  • HBeAg positive and negative patients are recruited.
  • Previous use of nucleoside (nucleotide) analogues for at least 12 months, and the treatment has been stopped for at least 6 months.
  • elevated serum ALT > 1.5x upper limited of normal but <= 10X as determined by two abnormal values taken >14 days apart during the six months before the first dose of study drug with at least one of the determinations obtained during the screening period.
  • CHB confirmed by liver biopsy in the past or by clinical evaluation.
  • Negative urine or serum pregnancy test (for women of childbearing potential) documented within the 24-hour period prior to the first dose of test drug. Additionally, all females must be using reliable contraception during the study and for 3 months after treatment completion.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence of decompensated liver disease (Childs B-C), hepato-cellular carcinoma, pre-existing severe depression or other psychiatric disease, significant cardiac disease, significant renal disease, seizure disorders or severe retinopathy.
  • Patients who have received antiviral therapy for their chronic hepatitis B or any systemic anti-viral, anti-neoplastic or immuno-modulatory treatment (including supraphysiologic doses of steroids and radiation) within the past 6 months.
  • Positive test at screening for anti-HIV, anti-HCV.
  • Patients who are expected to need systemic antiviral therapy other than that provided by the study at any time during their participation in the study are also excluded. Exception: patients who have had a limited (<=7 days) course of acyclovir for herpetic lesions more than 1 month prior to the first administration of test drug are not excluded.
  • Serum total bilirubin > 3X upper limit of normal at screening.
  • History or other evidence of bleeding from esophageal varices or other conditions consistent with decompensated liver disease.
  • History or other evidence of a medical condition associated with chronic liver disease other than HBV (e.g., hemochromatosis, autoimmune hepatitis, metabolic liver diseases including Wilson's and alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency, alcoholic liver disease, toxin exposures, thalassemia).
  • Women with ongoing pregnancy or who are breast feeding.
  • Neutrophil count <1500 cells/mm3 at screening.
  • Platelet count <90,000 cells/mm3 at screening.
  • Hemoglobin < 11.5 g/dL for females and < 12.5 g/dL for men at screening.
  • Serum creatinine level >120 umol/ml for men and >105 umol/ml for women at screening.
  • History of severe psychiatric disease, especially depression.
  • History of immunologically mediated disease
  • History or other evidence of chronic pulmonary disease associated with functional limitation. Severe cardiac disease
  • History of a severe seizure disorder or current anticonvulsant use.
  • Evidence of an active or suspected cancer or a history of malignancy where the risk of recurrence is > 20% within 2 years. Patients with a lesion suspicious of hepatic malignancy on a screening imaging study will only be eligible if the likelihood of carcinoma is 10% following an appropriate evaluation.
  • History of having received any systemic anti-neoplastic (including radiation) or immunomodulatory treatment
  • Major organ transplantation.
  • Thyroid disease with thyroid function poorly controlled on prescribed medications. Patients with abnormal thyroid stimulating hormone or T4 concentrations, with elevation of antibodies to thyroid peroxidase and any clinical manifestations of thyroid disease are excluded.
  • History or other evidence of severe retinopathy or clinically relevant ophthalmological disorder due to diabetes mellitus or hypertension
  • Inability or unwillingness to provide informed consent or abide by the requirements of the study.
  • History or other evidence of severe illness or any other conditions which would make the patient, in the opinion of the investigator, unsuitable for the study.
  • Patients with a value of alpha-fetoprotein >100 ng/mL are excluded, unless stability (less than 10% increase) has been documented over at least the previous 3 months.
  • Evidence of drug and/or alcohol abuse (20g/day for women and 30g/day for men).
  • Patients included in another trial or having been given investigational drugs within 12 weeks prior to screening
  • Any known history of hypersensitivity to interferon.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00226382

Cheng Suen Man Shook Hepatitis Center, Institute of Digestive Disease, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital
Hong Kong SAR, China
Sponsors and Collaborators
Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hoffmann-La Roche
Principal Investigator: Henry LY Chan, MD Chinese University of Hong Kong
  More Information


Responsible Party: Professor LY Chan, The Chinese University of Hong Kong Identifier: NCT00226382     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pegasys Study
Study First Received: September 23, 2005
Last Updated: June 10, 2010

Keywords provided by Chinese University of Hong Kong:
Chronic Hepatitis B
Pegylated Interferon-alfa-2a

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis, Chronic
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B, Chronic
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hepadnaviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Peginterferon alfa-2a
Antiviral Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on August 16, 2017