Evaluation of Pain Intensity During Bone Marrow Biopsy Performed With Inhalation of Pre-Mixed 50 Per Cent Nitrous Oxide and Oxygen Mixture.
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00219713|
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : September 22, 2005
Last Update Posted : September 22, 2005
Bone marrow biopsy is a painful medical procedure often performed with local anesthetic.
Therefore a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial was carried out in 330 adult patients who where referred for bone marrow biopsy and aspiration. 164 were assigned to inhale an equimolar mixture of nitrous oxide and oxygen and 166 to inhale a placebo. Pain measurement used visual-analogue pain scales, which involve rating the intensity of pain on a horizontal ruler
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Pain||Drug: nitrous oxide and oxygen||Phase 3|
The efficacy of an inhaled equimolar mixture of nitrous oxide and oxygen to prevent procedural pain during lumbar puncture in children has been demonstrated. In adults the use of an inhaled equimolar mixture could prevent pain.
Although nitrous oxide was initially considered innocuous, evidence began to be gathered later that it had potentially side effect. It has been demonstrated that nitrous oxide inactivates the vitamin B12-dependent enzyme methionine synthetase and impairs DNA synthesis in bone marrow cells.
Therefore this prospective, multicenter randomized placebo controlled, double-blind trial was design to determine whether an inhaled equimolar mixture of nitrous oxide and oxygen would significantly reduce pain during bone marrow biopsy with aspiration. In addition we performed a careful cytological examination of bone marrow samples in order to evaluate the quality of the picture sample.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Enrollment :||280 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Official Title:||A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Double Blind Trial Comparing Pre-Mixed 50 Per Cent Nitrous Oxide and Oxygen Mixture in Combination With Local Local 1% Xylocaine Anesthetic Versus Placebo in Order to Evaluate Pain Intensity During Bone Marrow Biopsy.|
|Study Start Date :||March 2000|
|Study Completion Date :||December 2004|
- Reduce pain during bone marrow biopsy with aspiration.
- Evaluation of the quality of the picture sample
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00219713
|Poitiers, France, 86021|
|Study Chair:||François GUILHOT, MD||Department of Oncology hematology and Cell therapy, University Hospital , 86021 Poitiers - FRANCE|