Behavioral Treatments for Acute Stress Disorder In Firefighters
|Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic||Behavioral: Cognitive behavioral therapy Behavioral: Psychoeducation|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Developing Group Treatments for Acute Stress Disorder|
- Accute stress disorder symptoms [ Time Frame: Measured pre- and post-treatment and at follow-up assessments 1 and 3 months after the intervention ]
|Study Completion Date:||May 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: 1 Cognitive behavioral therapy||
Behavioral: Cognitive behavioral therapy
Participants will learn cognitive behavioral strategies for symptom reduction
|Experimental: 2 Psychoeducation||
Participants will receive psychoeducation regarding common reactions to traumatic events
Exposure to traumatic events has reached unprecedented proportions in American society, and the rates of PTSD have risen significantly, particularly among populations with repetitive exposure to critical incidents. The continued threat of attacks against Americans warrants development of preventive interventions to reduce the occurrence of PTSD and its precursor, ASD. This study will determine the effectiveness of a preventive treatment in urban firefighters who have experienced a traumatic event.
Firefighters will undergo an initial assessment that will include an interview and self-report questionnaires to measure depression, anxiety, coping skills, social support, physical health, and work functioning. Following the occurrence of a traumatic work-related event, firefighters will be reassessed. The post-incident assessment will consist of self-report questionnaires that assess ASD symptoms.
Participants who display ASD symptoms will be randomly assigned to one of two groups: the first group will learn cognitive behavioral strategies for symptom reduction, and the second group will receive psychoeducation regarding common reactions to traumatic events. Participants' treatment will last for 12 weeks. Participants will have follow-up assessments 1 and 3 months after the interventional part of the study. Assessments will include clinical scales and interviews.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00183508
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Boston Veterans Healthcare System|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|Principal Investigator:||Rose T. Zimering, PhD||Boston Veterans Healthcare System|