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Influence of Drug Transporter Expression on the Pharmacokinetics of the HIV Protease Inhibitor Kaletra

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00176033
First Posted: September 15, 2005
Last Update Posted: February 13, 2009
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
Heidelberg University
  Purpose
The aim of this study is to determine the pharmacokinetics of Kaletra™ (HIV protease inhibitors lopinavir and ritonavir) in different body compartments and to assess the role of four different drug transporters (MDR, MRP1, MRP2 and BCRP) in the tissue distribution of the two protease inhibitors. The latter will be studied by comparing intracellular concentrations of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with total and free plasma concentrations in healthy individuals. These effects will be studied after single dose (day 1), during steady state (day 3), and during chronic treatment (day 14).

Condition Phase
Healthy Pharmacokinetics Phase 1

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Influence of Drug Transporter Expression on the Pharmacokinetics of the HIV Protease Inhibitor Kaletra (Lopinavir/Ritonavir) and on the Concentration Relations Between Plasma, Blood Cells, Saliva and Urine

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Heidelberg University:

Estimated Enrollment: 12
Study Start Date: January 2005
Detailed Description:

Objective:

Measurement of AUC, Cmax, tmax, t1/2 and clearance (Cl) of the protease inhibitor Kaletra™ (lopinavir and ritonavir) each in the plasma of healthy individuals

  • establish free and total plasma - blood cell concentration-relationship
  • establish free and total plasma - saliva concentration-relationship
  • establish blood cell concentration - drug transporter expression-relationship
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Good state of health

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Drug treatment with known inhibitors or inducers of cytochrome P450 isozymes or ABC-transporters within the preceding 2 months
  • Any acute or chronic illness
  • Smoking
  • Pregnancy
  • Alcohol or drug abuse
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00176033


Locations
Germany
Clinical Research Center, Department of Internal Medicine VI
Heidelberg, Germany, 69120
Sponsors and Collaborators
Heidelberg University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Gerd Mikus, MD, BSc Department of Internal Medicine VI
  More Information

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00176033     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: K026
First Submitted: September 12, 2005
First Posted: September 15, 2005
Last Update Posted: February 13, 2009
Last Verified: February 2009

Keywords provided by Heidelberg University:
ritonavir
lopinavir
HIV Infections

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ritonavir
Lopinavir
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors