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CHOOSE : Telithromycin, Acute Bacterial Sinusitis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00174694
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 15, 2005
Last Update Posted : September 25, 2009
Information provided by:

Brief Summary:

Primary objective:

  • To demonstrate that the clinical efficacy of telithromycin (800 mg od for 5 days) is non-inferior to amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (875/125 mg bid for 10 days) at the test-of-cure (TOC) visit (Day 17-21) in subjects with acute bacterial sinusitis (ABS).

Secondary objective(s):

  • To assess the time to resolution of signs and symptoms between the baseline (Day 1) and TOC (Day 17-21) visits,
  • To assess the rate of clinical relapse at the follow-up visit (Day 41-49),
  • To assess health economic outcome until follow-up visit (Day 41-49),
  • To assess quality of life up to the follow-up visit (Day 41-49),
  • To compare the safety of telithromycin and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid,
  • To compare the bacteriologic outcome of both treatments as observed at TOC (Day 17-21) and at follow-up visit (Day 41-49),in subjects with ABS.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sinusitis Drug: Telithromycin Phase 4

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 298 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective, Randomized, Open-label, Active-controlled Study in Adult Subjects With Acute Bacterial Sinusitis Comparing the Clinical Efficacy of Telithromycin (KETEK®) 800 mg Once a Day for 5 Days Versus Amoxicillin-clavulanic Acid (AUGMENTIN®) 875/125 mg Twice a Day for 10 Days
Study Start Date : November 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Sinusitis

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. clinical success rate at the TOC visit in the per protocol population. [ Time Frame: During all the study conduct ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time of regression of signs and symptoms of sinusitis, rate of clinical relapse at follow-up visit.Bacteriological data.Safety data... [ Time Frame: During all the study conduct ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Non pregnant female
  • Outpatients with a clinical diagnosis of ABS, based on the presence of:

    • Signs and symptoms lasting longer than 7 days and less than 28 days,
    • Purulent anterior or posterior nasal discharge
    • One additional major sign and symptom or 2 minor signs and symptoms. The major and minor signs and symptoms will be defined as the following:

      • Major signs and symptoms: facial pain/pressure/tightness over the maxillary sinuses, nasal congestion/obstruction, change in the perception of smell (hypoanosmia/anosmia), fever (temperature > 38° C [100.4 F] (oral)/ > 38.5° C [101.2 F] (tympanic)/ > 39° C [102.2 F] (rectal)),
      • Minor signs and symptoms: headache, halitosis, dental pain, ear pressure/fullness, cough, fatigue,
  • Subjects with abnormal maxillary sinus x-rays (Waters views and additional views if necessary) or limited sinus CT scans or sinus ultrasound in the previous 48 hours before inclusion defined as the presence of at least 1 of the following homolateral radiological criteria:

    • Presence of air/fluid level,
    • Total opacification,
    • Mucosal thickening > 10 mm, Written informed consent must be obtained before enrollment in the study for all subjects.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Related to the disease :

    • History of recurrent sinusitis (more than (>) 3 episodes of sinusitis requiring antibiotic therapy within the previous 12 months),
    • Chronic sinusitis (signs and symptoms lasting more than 28 days),
    • Suspicion of sinusitis requiring treatment other than oral antibiotic therapy,
    • Suspicion of concomitant odontologic infection, requiring antibiotic therapy or surgery
    • Nosocomial sinusitis (eg, hospitalization more than 48 hours or non ambulatory institutional confinement including nursing homes within 2 weeks),
    • Known major obstructive anatomic/functional lesions in nasopharynx: anatomical blockage (eg, chronic nasal polyps, severely deviated septum), cystic fibrosis, immotile cilia, sinus polyps,
    • Use of nasal, nasogastric or nasotracheal catheters,
    • Sinus puncture and/or sinus lavage in the previous 7 days,
    • Previous sinus surgery in the last 6 months,
    • Maxillary sinusitis requiring immediate surgery
    • Symptomatic allergic sinusitis and/or allergic rhinitis,
    • Exposition to environmental irritants in the workplace
  • Related to the previous/concomitant medication :

    • Previous treatment with intranasal, oral or parenteral antibiotic (more than 24 hours intake) within 30 days prior enrollment,
    • Intranasal corticosteroid or short term systemic corticosteroid use within the past 10 days prior to enrollment,
    • Maintenance systemic corticosteroid therapy on inclusion (>10 mg/day equivalent prednisone),
    • Subjects who are long-term users (> 4 weeks) of nasal decongestants like oxymetazoline 0.05%,
    • Required on-therapy contra-indicated medications with study treatment (according to the country labeling): ergot alkaloids derivatives (such as ergotamine and dihydroergotamine), cisapride, pimozide, astemizole, terfenadine, simvastatin, atorvastatin and lovastatin, allopurinol, methotrexate, probenecid,
    • Previous treatment within 2 weeks before enrollment or during the study medication with rifampicin, phenytoin, carbamazepine, St-John's-wort, phenobarbital,
    • Treatment with any investigational product in the last 30 days before study entry.
  • Other exclusion criteria

    • Subject with mononucleosis, phenylketonuria,
    • Immunocompromised subjects, such as: subjects with known HIV subjects and those who have either had an AIDS-defining condition (eg, Kaposi's sarcoma, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia) or have CD4+ T-lymphocyte count < 200/mm3, known neutropenia (< 1500 neutrophils/mm3) not attributable to the acute infectious disease, metastatic or hematological malignancy, splenectomized or known hyposplenia or asplenia,
    • History of congenital or a family history of long QT syndrome (if not excluded by previous ECG),
    • Subjects with known acquired QT interval prolongation,
    • Subjects with myasthenia gravis,
    • Subjects with galactose intolerance,
    • Subjects with a progressively fatal disease, life expectancy £ 3 months,
    • Women who are breast-feeding or are pregnant or childbearing potential (ie, ovulating, premenopausal, not surgically sterile) or who are failing to use adequate contraception for example systemic hormones (birth control pills, implant), intrauterine device or barrier method (diaphragm with intravaginal spermicide, cervical cap, male or female condom). A urine or serum test will be carry out before enrollment in the study,
    • History or known hypersensitivity and/or adverse reactions to telithromycin or macrolides, amoxycillin-clavulanic acid or betalactams,
    • Clinically relevant cardiovascular, hepatic, neurologic, endocrine, or other major systemic disease making implementation of the protocol or interpretation of the study results difficult,
    • History of drug or alcohol abuse rendering subjects unable to comply with protocol,
    • Known or history of severe impaired renal function, as shown by a previous laboratory value of creatinine clearance ≤ 30 ml/min either measured or estimated with Cockroft formula or serum creatinine > or =2.0 mg/dL (> or =176 μmol/L),
    • Mental condition rendering the subjects unable to understand the nature, scope, and possible consequences of the study,
    • Subjects unlikely to adhere to the protocol, eg, uncooperative attitude, inability to return for follow-up visits, and unlikelihood of completing the study,
    • Subject is the investigator or any subinvestigator, research assistant, pharmacist, study coordinator, other staff or relative thereof involved in the conduct of the protocol,
    • Subjects having already been included in this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00174694

Sponsors and Collaborators
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Study Director: Gilles Perdriset, MD Sanofi
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Medical Affairs Study Director, sanofi-aventis
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00174694    
Other Study ID Numbers: HMR3647A_4023
EudraCT # : 2004-001460-42
First Posted: September 15, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 25, 2009
Last Verified: September 2009
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Respiratory Tract Infections
Paranasal Sinus Diseases
Nose Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents