Try our beta test site
IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more...

Reducing Vaginal Infections in Women

This study has been completed.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Information provided by:
University of Washington Identifier:
First received: September 9, 2005
Last updated: March 16, 2010
Last verified: March 2010
The purpose of this study is to see if taking medication once a month can help to decrease the risk of vaginal infections. Additionally, researchers will study whether personal habits, such as douching, bathing, and sexual practices can influence the risk of vaginal infections. Vaginal infections may influence the risk of becoming infected with HIV-1 and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Study participants will include 400 female prostitutes ages 16 and older, living in Mombasa. Study procedures will include sexual behavior questions, physical examinations including pelvic exams, testing of vaginal and cervical secretions for STDs, urine collection and blood samples. Participants will receive 2 different types of pills to treat vaginal infections (metronidazole or fluconazole) or placebo (contains no medication). Participants will be involved in study related procedures for 1 year and will return to the study clinic at one month intervals.

Condition Intervention Phase
Bacterial Diseases
Other Mycoses
Sexually Transmitted Infection
Drug: Fluconazole
Drug: Metronizadole
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Reducing Vaginal Infections in Women at Risk for HIV-1

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Washington:

Estimated Enrollment: 400
Study Start Date: May 2003
Study Completion Date: December 2006
Primary Completion Date: December 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:
Prospective studies in Africa have demonstrated that vaginal infections are associated with a significant increase in a woman's risk of infection with HIV-1. Further clinical and epidemiological research is needed to evaluate strategies for prevention and treatment of vaginal infections as a means of reducing HIV-1 acquisition. Developing a vaginal health intervention to reduce the risk of HIV-1 infection is a particularly important goal in sub-Saharan Africa, where female controlled strategies for reducing the risk of HIV-1 transmission may be an important means of decreasing the spread of the epidemic. This study will evaluate the efficacy of a regimen for reducing the rate of vaginal infections. The study is a double blind, randomized, controlled trial of monthly treatment with single-dose metronidazole and fluconazole as a means of decreasing vaginal infections and promoting normal vaginal flora in HIV-1 seronegative female sex workers (FSWs) in Mombasa, Kenya. Participants will be recruited from an existing cohort of HIV-1 seronegative FSWs followed at a municipal sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic in Mombassa, Kenya, since February 1993. Participants will be randomized to treatment with metronidazole 2 grams plus fluconazole 150 mg once a month or placebo. All patients will be asked to return for follow-up after 1 month. All women in the study will be treated as indicated for symptomatic vaginal infections, other genital track infections and followed until they have completed 12 monthly follow-up visits.

Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Women who do not currently have symptoms of vaginal itching or discharge. Women with these symptoms may be treated and enrolled at a subsequent monthly visit when they are asymptomatic.
  • Those who are currently menstruating may be enrolled after the completion of menses.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy
  • Lactation
  • History of adverse reactions to the study medications
  • Alcoholism or inability to abstain from alcohol for 48 hours following treatment
  • Women who do not anticipate living in Mombasa for a year following enrollment.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00170430

Ganjoni Municipal Communicable Diseases Control Centre
Mombasa, Kenya
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Washington
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Principal Investigator: R. Scott McClelland, MD, MPH University of Washington
  More Information

Responsible Party: Dr. Scott McClelland, University of Washington Identifier: NCT00170430     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 20486-A
01-0777-A 01 ( Other Identifier: University of Washington Human Subjects Division )
Study First Received: September 9, 2005
Last Updated: March 16, 2010

Keywords provided by University of Washington:
HIV-1, sexually transmitted diseases, females, Kenya

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Communicable Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Bacterial Infections
Virus Diseases
Genital Diseases, Male
Genital Diseases, Female
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 Inhibitors processed this record on April 24, 2017