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A Multicentre Randomised Clinical Trial of Laser Treatment Plus Intravitreal Triamcinolone for Diabetic Macular Oedema

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00148265
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 7, 2005
Last Update Posted : June 23, 2010
The University of Western Australia
University of Melbourne
Marsden Eye Specialists
Information provided by:
University of Sydney

Brief Summary:

This study is likely to identify an improved and economical treatment for diabetic macular oedema, one of the commonest causes of blindness both in Australia and the rest of the world.The specific aims of the study are to test the following hypotheses:

  • That intravitreal triamcinolone followed by laser treatment results in a greater improvement in visual acuity than placebo followed by laser treatment of eyes with macular oedema secondary to diabetes;
  • That intravitreal triamcinolone followed by laser treatment results in greater degree of resolution of macular oedema than placebo followed by laser treatment of eyes with macular oedema secondary to diabetes;
  • That intravitreal triamcinolone followed by laser treatment results in a reduced requirement for further laser treatment to control diabetic macular oedema than placebo followed by laser treatment;
  • That intravitreal triamcinolone followed laser has a manageable and acceptable safety profile in eyes with diabetic macular edema.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetic Macular Oedema Drug: Triamcinolone acetate Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:

A 25 fold increase in the risk of going blind on diagnosis of diabetes is one of the most daunting threats that people with diabetes face. Stimulated by several uncontrolled, anecdotal reports, we are already conducting a randomized clinical trial of intravitreal triamcinolone for the treatment of diabetic macular edema which is refractory to conventional laser treatment. The analysis of the 3 month data from this study has already unequivocally demonstrated that the treatment very significantly reduces or eliminates macular oedema in the short term and results in improved visual acuity. Thus intravitreal triamcinolone may represent the most significant development in the prevention of blindness in people with diabetes since the introduction of laser treatment. It is also a highly cost-effective intervention that can be administered by general ophthalmologists. The next question to be answered, which will be addressed directly by the present study, is whether there is a significant, synergistic beneficial effect when intravitreal steroids are combined with current therapy (laser).

This study represents the second major project to be undertaken by the Australian Retinal Collaboration (ARC). The ARC aims to set the highest attainable standards for investigator-initiated clinical research in retinal diseases in Australia. Having enrolled and treated more than the target of 120 patients, we are currently completing an RCT of laser induced chorioretinal anastomosis for central retinal vein occlusion, an innovative Australian concept for a severe and otherwise untreatable disease. The proposed study is likely to identify an improved and economical treatment for one of the commonest causes of blindness both in Australia and the rest of the world. Intravitreal triamcinolone is also an intervention which has generated intense interest internationally, and one for which members of the ARC are acknowledged pioneers.

Successful implementation of the study proposed, which is feasible, is highly likely to have an immediate and direct effect on the prevention of vision impairment and blindness in people with diabetes

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 54 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II/III Multicentre Randomised Clinical Trial of Laser Treatment Plus 4 mg Intravitreal Triamcinolone Injection to Reduce Diabetic Macular Oedema
Study Start Date : April 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Edema

Intervention Details:
  • Drug: Triamcinolone acetate
    Eyes assigned to IVTA received an intravitreal injection of 0.1 ml of Kenacort 40© [40mg/ml triamcinolone acetonide, Bristol-Myers Squibb pharmaceuticals, Australia] on the day of the baseline visual acuity measurement under sterile conditions in a minor procedures area as an outpatient procedure. Eyes assigned to placebo were prepared in the same way but had the barrel of the syringe without a needle pushed firmly against the eye to simulate an injection.
    Other Name: Kenacort 40©

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The proportion of eyes showing an improvement of visual acuity by 10 letters on a LogMAR chart compared with the pre-injection level 24 months after treatment [ Time Frame: 24 month ]
    At 24 months, improvement of ≥10 LogMAR letters was seen in 15/42 (36%) eyes treated with IVTA plus laser compared with 7/42 (17%) eyes treated with laser only (p=0.047, odds ratio 2.79, 95% CI, 1.01, 7.67).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of laser treatments required for the treatment of macular oedema during the course of the study. [ Time Frame: 24 month ]
    At least 1 retreatment was required in the second year of the study in 29/42 (69%) of IVTA plus laser treated eyes compared with 19/42 (45%) laser only eyes (p=0.187).

  2. Change in retinal thickness demonstrated on optical coherence tomography (OCT) [ Time Frame: 24 month ]
    There was no difference in the mean CMT (346.8μm ± 114.9SD vs 372.6μm ± 154.2SD, comparing IVTA plus laser vs laser only, p=0.349) or mean logMAR visual acuity (56.1 ± 15.7SD vs 54.5 ± 16.1SD letters, p=0.439).

  3. The incidence of moderate or severe side effects related to the procedure of intravitreal injection or related to the drug [ Time Frame: 24 month ]
    Cataracts were removed from 17/28 (61%) of phakic IVTA plus laser-treated eyes vs. 0/27 (0%) laser only eyes (p<0.001). Treatment for elevated intraocular pressure was required in 27/42 (64%) of the IVTA plus laser eyes compared with 10/42 (24%) laser only eyes (p<0.001)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age >= 18 years
  • Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus types 1 or 2
  • Diabetic macular oedema affecting the fovea in one or both eyes (phakic or pseudophakic) for which laser treatment is indicated in the opinion of the investigator
  • Best corrected visual acuity of 19-68 letters (6/12 -6/120)
  • Definite macular oedema on clinical examination involving the centre of the macula
  • Retinal thickness > 250 micron in central 1mm subfield on OCT
  • Investigator is comfortable deferring macular laser treatment for 6 weeks

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Glaucoma which is uncontrolled or is controlled but with glaucomatous field defects
  • Loss of vision due to other causes (e.g. age related macular degeneration, myopic macular degeneration, retinal vein occlusion)
  • Macular oedema due to other causes including vitreous traction
  • An ocular condition that would prevent visual acuity improvement despite resolution of oedema (such as foveal atrophy)
  • Previous treatment IVTA within 6 months or with peribulbar TA within 3 months
  • Cataract surgery within the last 6 months
  • Retinal laser treatment within the last 4 months
  • High risk PDR at baseline or laser therapy cannot be delayed for 6 weeks on retina
  • History of herpes viral disease in study eye
  • Media opacity including cataract that already precludes adequate macular photography and laser treatment, or cataract that is likely to preclude an adequate view within 2 years
  • Known allergies to triamcinolone acetate
  • Patient is already receiving systemic steroid treatment
  • Intercurrent severe disease such as septicemia, any condition which would affect follow-up or photographic documentation (e.g. geographical, psycho-social)
  • History of chronic renal failure requiring dialysis or renal transplant
  • Blood pressure >180/110 mmHg

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00148265

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Australia, New South Wales
Save Sight Institute, Sydney/Sydney Eye Hospital Campus, University of Sydney
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 2000
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Sydney
The University of Western Australia
University of Melbourne
Marsden Eye Specialists
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Principal Investigator: Mark C Gillies, MBBS, PhD Save Sight Institute, Deaprtment of Clinical Ophthalmology, University of Sydney
Principal Investigator: Ian L McAllister, MBBS Lions Eye Institute, The University of Western Australia
Principal Investigator: Tien Wong, MBBS, PhD Royal Victoria Eye & Ear Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Melbourne
Principal Investigator: Jennifer Arnold, MBBS Marsden Eye Centre Parramatta
Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
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Responsible Party: Professor Mark Gillies, Save Sight Institute, The University of Sudyney
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00148265    
Other Study ID Numbers: NHMRC project 352312
First Posted: September 7, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 23, 2010
Last Verified: November 2005
Keywords provided by University of Sydney:
Diabetic macular oedema
Triamcinolone acetate
Intravitreal injection
Clinical trial
Laser treatment
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Macular Edema
Macular Degeneration
Retinal Degeneration
Retinal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs