Study of Taxotere, Cisplatin, 5-Fluorouracil, and Leucovorin for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck
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The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and maximum tolerated dose of the combination taxotere, cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin. We will also preliminarily assess whether the combination is effective in treating squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
Condition or disease
Squamous Cell CarcinomaCarcinoma of Head and/or Neck
Patients will be premedicated at home with dexamethasone and leucovorin.
On the first day of treatment, the patient will receive taxotere intravenously for one hour. Approximately one hour after the taxotere is completed, the patient will receive a 4 hour infusion of cisplatin and begin a four day continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin. The infusion of 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin will be completed at home with the use of an infusion pump. This process will be repeated every 21-35 days (1 cycle) depending upon how quickly the patient recovers from the chemotherapy.
During each cycle blood tests will be performed weekly. During the first cycle a physical exam will be performed weekly and then halfway through each subsequent cycle and immediately prior to the start of each subsequent cycle.
At the end of each cycle the impact of the chemotherapy will be assessed. If after 2 cycles the cancer has not responded the treatment will end. If significant reduction in the size of the tumor is observed, a third and final cycle will be done.
After the last cycle of chemotherapy is done, radiation therapy will be performed twice daily for 6-7 weeks.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Histologic documentation of squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck
Patients will previously untreated stage III or IV squamous cell carcinoma.
Patients with locally recurrent disease after surgery.
Life expectancy of longer than 3 months.
Kidney function: 1.5 or a 24 hour creatinine clearance of > 30ml/min
Liver function: SGOT < 1.5 X upper normal limit and alkaline phosphatase of < 2.5 X upper normal limit.
WBC greater than or equal to 4,000/mm
Platelet count greater than or equal to 100,000/mm
Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 10gm/dl
Patients of child-bearing age must use effective methods of contraception.
Patients treated with previous chemotherapy or radiotherapy for head and neck cancer.
Patients with concurrent malignancy of any site except limited basal cell carcinoma, squamous carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix.
Keywords provided by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
squamous cell carcinoma
carcinoma of head/neck
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms by Site