Fish Oil for the Treatment of Depression in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis
This study will determine whether fish oil can reduce depression in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) who are mild to moderately depressed and are currently taking antidepressant medication.
Study hypothesis: Three months of fish oil supplementation will improve depression scores on the Montgomery-Asberg depression rating scale (MADRS) or Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) better than placebo.
|Multiple Sclerosis Depression||Drug: Fish oil concentrate Drug: Placebo||Phase 1 Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Fish Oil as an Adjunct Therapy for Depression in Multiple Sclerosis|
- Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) [ Time Frame: baseline to 3 months ]Higher MADRS scores indicate more severe depression, and the overall score ranges from 0-60. A score of 0-6 indicates symptoms absent, 7-19 indicates mild depression, 20-34 moderate, and > 34 severe. Our primary outcome was 50% or greater improvement on the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS).
- Quality of Life (SF-36) [ Time Frame: baseline to 3 months ]SF-36 is a commonly used measure of health-related quality of life and is well validated in many disease conditions. Responses are self-administered and responses are summed into two subscores, the mental component summary (MCS) and physical component summary (PCS). The SF-36 has eight scaled scores, which are the weighted sums of the questions in their section. Each scale is directly transformed on a 0-100 scale. Higher scores represent higher function.
|Study Start Date:||July 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Fish oil concentrate
Fish oil concentrate
Drug: Fish oil concentrate
fish oil concentrate at a daily dose of 6 grams (2.1 gram EPA and 1.5 gram DHA).
Other Name: omega-3 fatty acids
Placebo Comparator: Placebo oil
soybean oil with 1% fish oil at a daily dose of 6 grams
Depression occurs in 50% to 60% of all individuals with MS. Evidence suggests that the omega-3 fatty acids in fish oil supplements can significantly reduce depression with a low risk of side effects. Therefore, fish oil supplements may be a safe adjunctive therapy to improve the therapeutic benefits of antidepressants. This study will determine the effectiveness of fish oil supplements in reducing depression in MS patients who are taking antidepressant medication.
This study will last 3 months. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive either fish oil supplements or placebo daily for 3 months. At the end of 3 months, participants who show an improvement in their depressive symptoms will have the option to continue their treatment for an additional 3 months. Participants will do no respond to treatment will be excused from the study. All participants will remain on their antidepressants and MS medication throughout the study. Participants will have weekly study visits. At each visit, participants will be asked about their general health, and self-report scales will be used to assess depressive symptoms. Medication adherence will be monitored by pill counts and through red blood cell fatty acid analysis. Blood collection will occur at study start and at study completion.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00122954
|United States, Oregon|
|Oregon Health and Science University|
|Portland, Oregon, United States, 97239|
|Principal Investigator:||Lynne Shinto, ND, MPH||Oregon Health and Science University|