Tilarginine Acetate Injection is a new type of drug that temporarily stops the body from making a bodily substance called nitric oxide. The body may produce excess nitric oxide following severe heart damage leading to shock. During a heart attack, and especially after a blocked artery causing the heart attack is reopened, a large amount of nitric oxide is released into the heart muscle and into the blood. Normally small amounts of nitric oxide are good for the heart and blood vessels. However, when released in large amounts, such as during a heart attack, it may be harmful, by adding to the damage of the heart attack and lowering the heart’s ability to pump blood to the body. It may cause blood pressure to be lowered and reduce the amount of blood flow to the body’s vital organs. This may interfere with the body’s organs being able to do their work. If Tilarginine Acetate Injection can stop extra nitric oxide from being made, the performance of the heart and blood flow to the organs may get better, which may result in the improvement of symptoms. The purpose of this study (TRIUMPH) is to investigate the safety and effectiveness of Tilarginine Acetate Injection compared to placebo (an inactive fluid that has no effect on the body but looks exactly like the medication being studied). The study will help determine whether Tilarginine Acetate Injection, by temporarily lowering the amount of nitric oxide released into the vital organs can improve blood pressure and the blood flow to the body’s organs.
Drug: Tilarginine Acetate Injection intravenous infusion
An estimated 120,000 to 160,000 patients annually are diagnosed with cardiogenic shock (CS) in North America and Europe. CS complicates approximately 5-14% of all cases of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and is the most common cause of death in patients hospitalized with AMI. Cardiogenic shock developing during the course of AMI is the end result of a pathophysiological cycle secondary to a sudden and significant decrease in cardiac contractility due to infarction, ischemia, and stunning of large myocardial segments. It is not anticipated that further advances in reperfusion or revascularization therapy will have a significant additional impact on survival in patients with CS. Modalities that protect the myocardium during ischemia and reperfusion are likely to be the next major advance in improving outcome in the setting of acute myocardial infarction (MI), especially in patients with large infarcts complicated by shock. Preliminary studies investigating nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition suggest that improvements in cardiovascular function and survival are possible by limiting formation of toxic NO. The primary objective of the TRIUMPH study is to establish the efficacy of Tilarginine Acetate Injection compared to placebo in reducing all cause mortality at 30 days post randomization in patients with cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction (MI). Safety objectives of this study include an evaluation of adverse events and serious adverse events, and key laboratory parameters.