PET Scans in Patients With Locally Advanced Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: May 3, 2005
Last updated: June 17, 2013
Last verified: June 2013

RATIONALE: Imaging procedures such as PET scans may improve the ability to monitor the effectiveness of chemotherapy for locally advanced breast cancer.

PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying how well PET scans work in patients with locally advanced breast cancer who will undergo chemotherapy.

Condition Intervention
Breast Cancer
Procedure: positron emission tomography
Radiation: fludeoxyglucose F 18
Radiation: iodine I 124 iododeoxyuridine

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Positron Emitter I-124-Iododeoxyuridine to Follow DNA Metabolism on Scans and in Tumor Samples in Advanced Breast Cancer: Comparison to 18-F-2-Fluoro-2-Deoxy-(D)-Glucose, as a Tracer for Glycolysis

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:

Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: March 1997
Study Completion Date: December 2008
Primary Completion Date: December 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:


  • Determine whether the biologic activity of locally advanced breast cancer as measured by retention of iodine I 124 iododeoxyuridine (IUdR) on positron emission tomography (PET) scans pre- and postchemotherapy is different between patients whose tumor shrinks after treatment in comparison to patients whose tumor is stable or continues to grow.
  • Demonstrate that incorporation of IUdR into tumor is in the tumor DNA at 24-36 hours post injection, as documented by tissue analysis and immunohistochemistry and that this correlates with the subsequent change in tumor dimension and proliferative activity of the tumor.
  • Compare the pre and post treatment results of fludeoxyglucose (FDG) PET scanning and IUdR PET scanning in the same breast lesions as a basis for assessment of the relative metabolic change during chemotherapy.
  • Further assess the biologic activity of metastatic tumor sites and their changes in size following chemotherapy to standard parameters that are used to evaluate change in tumor size, obtained under clinical standard of care for breast cancer, which will include CT scans as well as bone scans.
  • Assess the accuracy of noninvasive measurement of PET measurement of the left ventricular cardiac chamber clearance of radioactivity as a substitute for arterial plasma sampling for determining metabolic rates of FDG and IUdR uptake into tumors.
  • Evaluate metabolic changes in tumors as they are affected by specific chemotherapy in comparison to changes in tumor dimensions.

OUTLINE: For this study, the chemotherapy administered for an individual patient is at the discretion of the patient's primary attending physician. After chemotherapy, the patient is evaluated for surgical resection of the tumor. If the tumor is unresectable, the patient may be offered radiation therapy.

The first group of positron emission tomography (PET) scans is performed within 2 weeks before the first dose of chemotherapy. The second group of PET scans occur no more than 7 weeks after chemotherapy and prior to local therapy, either surgery or radiation therapy.

The PET scan before initiation of chemotherapy consists of 4 imaging sessions. There is one iodine I-124 iododeoxyuridine (IUdR) PET scan (3 imaging sessions) at 1, 4-8, and 24 hours after IUdR infusion, followed by one fludeoxyglucose (FDG) PET scan (1 imaging session) 45 minutes after FDG infusion.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 20 patients will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed locally advanced breast carcinoma

    • Stage T3 T4, N2 or N3 disease
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Not specified



  • 18 and over


  • Male or female

Menopausal status:

  • Not specified

Performance status:

  • Karnofsky 80-100%


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • No history of psychiatric illness that would preclude giving informed consent
  • Not pregnant
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception


Biologic therapy

  • Not specified


  • Not specified

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00109785

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Teresa Ann Gilewski, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00109785     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MSKCC-97046, CDR0000065706, NCI-G97-1308
Study First Received: May 3, 2005
Last Updated: June 17, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
stage IIIA breast cancer
stage IIIB breast cancer
stage IIIC breast cancer
male breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Neoplasms by Site
Skin Diseases
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
Anti-Infective Agents
Antiviral Agents
Diagnostic Uses of Chemicals
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses processed this record on November 27, 2015