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Lapatinib in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Biliary Tract or Liver Cancer That Cannot Be Removed By Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00101036
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 10, 2005
Results First Posted : January 5, 2015
Last Update Posted : April 20, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial is studying how well lapatinib works in treating patients with locally advanced or metastatic biliary tract or liver cancer that cannot be removed by surgery. Lapatinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adult Primary Hepatocellular Carcinoma Advanced Adult Primary Liver Cancer Localized Unresectable Adult Primary Liver Cancer Recurrent Adult Primary Liver Cancer Recurrent Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer Recurrent Gallbladder Cancer Unresectable Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer Unresectable Gallbladder Cancer Drug: lapatinib ditosylate Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. The goal of this study is to determine the objective response rate of GW572016 in patients with biliary cancer and hepatocellular cancer (HCC).


I. Determine the overall survival of patients entered onto study. II. Quantitative and qualitative toxicities of the patient population treated with GW572016.

III. Determine the progression free survival of patients. IV. To perform molecular and pharmacogenomic correlative studies that will identify specific patient subsets that benefit from GW572016 therapy.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to tumor site (biliary tree cancer [includes ampullary, bile duct, and gall bladder cancer] vs hepatocellular cancer).

Patients receive oral lapatinib once daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed for survival.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 57 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of GW572016 (Lapatanib) in Locally Advanced or Metastatic Hepato-Biliary Cancers
Study Start Date : November 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2009

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (lapatinib ditosylate)
Patients receive oral lapatinib once daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: lapatinib ditosylate
Given PO
Other Names:
  • GSK572016
  • GW-572016
  • GW2016
  • Lapatinib
  • Tykerb

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response Rate [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.0) for target lesions and assessed by CT, MRI or X-Ray: Complete Response (CR), Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR), >=30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions; Overall Response (OR) = CR + PR

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method.

  2. Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Progression is defined using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.0), as a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter (LD) of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum LD recorded since the treatment started, or the appearance of one or more new lesions.

  3. Disease Control Rate. [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]

    The mathematical sum of percentages of complete response, partial response and stable disease.

    Per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.0) for target lesions and assessed by MRI and/or CT: Partial Response (PR), >=30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions; Stable Disease (SD), neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for a Partial Response nor sufficient increase to qualify for Progression of Disease (POD); POD, 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, or a measurable increase in a non-target lesion, or the appearance of new lesions; Complete Response (CR), Disappearance of all target lesions

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed, surgically unresectable biliary cancer (gallbladder, ampullary, intra or extrahepatic bile duct) OR patients must have surgically unresectable HCC and who are not candidates for percutaneous ethanol injection or radio frequency ablation (RFA); patients must have histological or cytological confirmation of HCC
  • Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >= 20 mm with conventional techniques or as >= 10 mm with spiral CT scan; if a patient has undergone TACE, ethanol or RFA ablation then new lesions need to be present in the liver, if there are no other sites of disease
  • Patients may have received prior therapy as follows:

    • No more than one prior chemotherapy regimen for metastatic or recurrent disease will be allowed; prior chemotherapy for earlier stage disease (neoadjuvant, adjuvant, or concurrent with radiation therapy) will be allowed in addition to prior chemotherapy for recurrent metastatic disease; TACE is considered one regimen; at least 3 weeks must have elapsed since prior therapy, and toxicities of therapy should have resolved to =< Grade 1
    • Patients may have received prior radiation therapy; three weeks must have elapsed since the completion of prior radiation therapy and patients must have recovered from all toxicities; measurable disease must either be outside the previous radiation field, or progressing within a radiated field, or a new lesion must be present
    • There must be no plans for the patient to receive concurrent hormonal, biologic, or radiation therapy to measurable lesions
    • Patients who have had prior treatment with EGFR targeting therapies are ineligible
    • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents or receiving concurrent anticancer therapy
  • Life expectancy of greater than 12 weeks
  • ECOG performance status less than or equal to 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
  • Patients who have scores that fall into Childs B or C groups are excluded
  • Patients must have organ and marrow function as defined below:
  • Leukocytes >= 3000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >= 75,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin < 2 mg/dl
  • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) =< 5.0 X upper limit of institutional normal (ULN)
  • PT prolongation < 4 secs above ULN (unless taking warfarin)
  • Creatinine =< ULN OR creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Cardiac ejection fraction above the lower limit of normal as measured by echocardiogram or MUGA scan; note that baseline and on- treatment scans should be performed using the same modality and preferably at the same institution
  • Adherence to the requirements for concomitant medications classified as CYP3A4 inducers or inhibitors
  • HIV-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from the study because of possible pharmacokinetic interactions with GW572016; appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy when indicated
  • Patients requiring oral anticoagulants (coumadin, warfarin) are eligible provided there is appropriate close INR monitoring is in place; if medically appropriate and treatment available, the investigator may also consider switching these patients to low molecular weight (LMW) heparin, where an interaction with GW572016 is not expected
  • The effects of GW572016 on the developing human fetus at the recommended therapeutic dose are unknown; for this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control or abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because GW572016 is member of the 4-anilinoquinazoline class of kinase inhibitors with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with GW572016, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with GW572016
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Able to swallow and retain oral medication
  • Patients with known brain metastases (Scans are not necessary to exclude brain metastasis) should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events
  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements, will be excluded
  • Patients with GI tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication, malabsorption syndrome, a requirement for IV alimentation, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, uncontrolled inflammatory GI disease (e.g., Crohn's, ulcerative colitis) are also ineligible
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to GW572016 (i.e inhibitors of EGF and HER2- /neu) will render patients ineligible

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00101036

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United States, California
UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Ramesh Ramanathan UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00101036    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-03065
NCI-2012-03065 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
PHII-53 ( Other Identifier: UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center )
6674 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
N01CM62201 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
N01CM62209 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 10, 2005    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 5, 2015
Last Update Posted: April 20, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Liver Neoplasms
Gallbladder Neoplasms
Bile Duct Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Biliary Tract Neoplasms
Biliary Tract Diseases
Gallbladder Diseases
Bile Duct Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action