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MRI Sarcoma Non Invasive Thermometry

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mark Dewhirst, Duke University Medical Center Identifier:
First received: October 6, 2004
Last updated: August 29, 2014
Last verified: August 2014

RATIONALE: Hyperthermia therapy kills tumor cells by heating them to several degrees above body temperature. Using MRI to measure heat may help to determine the effectiveness of hyperthermia therapy. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as ifosfamide and doxorubicin, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining hyperthermia with radiation therapy and chemotherapy before surgery may kill more tumor cells and shrink the tumor so that it can be removed.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects of hyperthermia when given together with radiation therapy and optional chemotherapy and to see how well they work in treating patients who are undergoing surgery for soft tissue sarcoma of the limbs.

Condition Intervention Phase
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: ifosfamide and mesna
Procedure: hyperthermia treatment with an MRI Compatible Radiofrequency Extremity Hyperthermia Applicator
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Magnetic Resonance Based Non-Invasive Thermometry for Hyperthermic Treatment of Extremity Soft Tissue Sarcomas: A Multimodal Phase I/II Study

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Mark Dewhirst, Duke University Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Temperature Rise from Baseline [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]
    MR-based thermometry measures: We are assessing agreement between the non-invasive MR measurements versus the invasive interstitial point measurements. The equivalence of median temperature measured within one or more MR ROI's (regions-of-interest in the MR image) and temperatures measured invasively in tissue immediately adjacent to those ROI's;

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: every 6 months for up to 5 years ]

Enrollment: 15
Study Start Date: November 1999
Study Completion Date: October 2009
Primary Completion Date: July 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Magnetic Resonance Based Thermometry

Patients will receive hyperthermia throughout the course of radiotherapy delivered once weekly for a total of 5 treatments. Each treatment will last 1-2 hours with a goal of delivering a cumulative thermal dose of 10-100 CEM 43˚T90. Interstitial temperature measurements will be taken by placing a single (less than or equal to) 15 gauge thermometry catheter into the tumor.

In addition to hyperthermia treatment and radiation therapy all patients will receive conventional surgery for the removal of their tumors. Some patients will also receive chemotherapy if their treating physician thinks it is the their best interested (including the possibility of doxorubicin hydrochloride or ifosfamide and mesna).

Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
To be dosed at 75 mg/m2 i.v. push every 4 weeks for 4 cycles. This treatment is optional and will not be used on all subjects.
Other Name: Adriamycin
Drug: ifosfamide and mesna
2 gm / m2 ifosfamide mixed in 1000 cc D5W infused continuously over 24 hours daily for 6 days (144 hours); total ifosfamide dose 12 gm/ m2. For the day infusion only MESNA (sodium 2-mercapto-ethanesulphonate) is mixed with ifosfamide as above and given at 2.5 gm / m2 / 24 hours.
Other Names:
  • Ifosfamide - Ifex
  • Mesna - sodium 2-mercapto-ethanesulphonate
Procedure: hyperthermia treatment with an MRI Compatible Radiofrequency Extremity Hyperthermia Applicator
Patients will receive hyperthermia throughout the course of radiotherapy delivered once weekly for a total of 5 treatments. Each treatment will last 1-2 hours with a goal of delivering a cumulative thermal dose of 10-100 CEM 43˚T90.
Radiation: radiation therapy
External beam megavoltage (≥ 4 MV) beams will be used at SSD, SAD ≥ 70 cm at a dose rate of > 100 cGy/min. Fraction sizes of 180 cGy will be used 5 times per weeks in a continuous course. Total dose will be 45 Gy + 10%, consistent with sites being treated.

Detailed Description:



  • Determine the feasibility and accuracy of real time magnetic resonance-based non-invasive thermometry in patients with grade 2 or 3 soft tissue sarcoma of the extremity receiving combination hyperthermia, radiotherapy, surgery, and optional high-dose ifosfamide and doxorubicin.


  • Determine the local control, disease-free survival, and overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine acute and late toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.
  • Correlate measurements of tumor physiology, defined by gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and tumor oxygenation, with clinical and/or pathological response and/or metastatic potential in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: Patients may receive high-dose ifosfamide IV continuously over 6 days (144 hours). Beginning 3 weeks after the completion of ifosfamide, patients undergo radiotherapy once daily, 5 days a week, for 5 weeks. Beginning 1 hour after radiotherapy, patients also undergo hyperthermia (with heat measured by conventional and magnetic resonance-based thermometry) over 1-2 hours once weekly for 5 weeks. Approximately 4 weeks after the completion of radiotherapy and hyperthermia, patients undergo surgery. Approximately 1 month after surgery, patients may then receive high-dose doxorubicin IV once every 4 weeks for 4 courses.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 10-30 patients will be accrued for this study within 2-6 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients will have histologically proven grade 2 or grade 3 soft tissue sarcoma.
  • Karnofsky performance status ≥ 70.
  • Life expectancy ≥ 6 months.
  • There is no specific tumor size limitation, but the involved extremity must fit within the hyperthermia applicator.
  • Patients must be ≥ 18 years of age.
  • Patients who are to receive chemotherapy must have a left ventricular ejection fraction on resting MUGA scan of at least 45% to confirm adequate cardiac function
  • Patients must competent to consent to be in the study and sign an approved informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant patients
  • Patients with cardiac pacemakers and implanted defibrillators or other devices not compatible with ultrasound or microwave technology
  • Patients who have any metal in their bodies including orthopedic rods, surgical clips, bullets, or shrapnel, etc. unless cleared by MRI staff and Hyperthermia physicians
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00093509

United States, North Carolina
Duke Cancer Institute
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mark Dewhirst
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Ellen L. Jones, MD, PhD Duke Cancer Institute
Principal Investigator: Zeljko Vujaskovic, MD, PhD Duke University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Mark Dewhirst, Professor, Duke University Medical Center Identifier: NCT00093509     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00008831
DUMC-1308-04-7R5 ( Other Identifier: Legacy Duke IRB number from paper system )
CDR0000388048 ( Other Identifier: National Cancer Institute (NCI) )
Study First Received: October 6, 2004
Last Updated: August 29, 2014

Keywords provided by Mark Dewhirst, Duke University Medical Center:
stage I adult soft tissue sarcoma
stage II adult soft tissue sarcoma
stage III adult soft tissue sarcoma
stage IV adult soft tissue sarcoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Liposomal doxorubicin
Isophosphamide mustard
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on May 25, 2017