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Research Into the Treatment of Anemia for Critically Ill Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Units (ICU)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C. Identifier:
First received: September 19, 2004
Last updated: June 6, 2011
Last verified: April 2010
Erythropoietin (EPO) is a hormone produced in the kidney. Its function is to stimulate the production of red cells in the bone marrow. The purpose of this research study is to demonstrate that the administration EPO to critically ill subjects in the intensive care unit (ICU) reduces the number of patients requiring red blood cell (RBC) transfusion as compared with placebo (a liquid without active medicine).

Condition Intervention Phase
Anemia Drug: Epoetin alfa Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Determine the Efficacy and Safety of Epoetin Alfa in Critically Ill Subjects

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary objective of this study is to demonstrate that the administration of epoetin alfa to critically ill subjects reduces the proportion of subjects requiring red blood cell (RBC) transfusion as compared with placebo at Study Day 29.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Cumulative number of units of red blood cell transfusions received from Study Day 1 through Study Day 42, Change in hemoglobin from Study Day 1 through Study Day 29, Mortality through Study Day 29 and Cumulative mortality through Study Day 140.

Enrollment: 1460
Study Start Date: September 2003
Study Completion Date: June 2006
Detailed Description:

In this study the amount of drug and frequency of dosing is under investigation. Erythropoietin (EPO) will be given by subcutaneous injection (a small needle prick placed underneath the skin). The maximum number of injections a patient may receive is 3. The total expected length of time of patient participation in the study is about 140 days (about 5months).

This study consists of a screening period, treatment period and post treatment period. The study doctor will determine whether the patient is suitable for the study. Safety evaluations will be performed at specified intervals throughout the study and will consist of laboratory tests, vital signs (such as blood pressure), physical examinations and the occurrence and severity of adverse events as well as other study specific procedures.

Eligible patients will be assigned by chance (like flipping a coin) to one of two treatment groups; 40,000 units of EPO or Placebo. Unless the need arises, neither the patient nor the study staff, will know which treatment the patient receives.

The patient will receive an injection of study drug on Study Days 1, 8 and 15 as long as they remain in the same hospital and their hemoglobin (Hb) level is less than 12g/dL. If the patient's hemoglobin level is greater than 12g/dL on any scheduled medication day, study medication will not be given. However the patient will remain in the study and a re-assessment will be done at the next dosing time point. The patient will also receive iron therapy (at least 150 mg) from Study Day 1 (if tolerated) through Study Day 29 or until the patient is discharge from the hospital or withdraws from the study (whichever comes first).

Treatment with study drug will be stopped if the patient become pregnant, or the study doctor feels that it is in the patient's best interest. If treatment is stopped before Study Day 15, the patient will be required to return for scheduled study assessments through Study Day 140.

The purpose of the post-treatment period is to monitor the patient's health status. Whether or not the patient remains hospitalized, the patient will have two more visits to monitor their health (on Study Day 42 and 140). In addition, the study doctor and nurse will contact the patient or their caregiver by phone monthly following the Study Day 29 visit until Study Day 140. Weekly subcutaneous injections (under the skin) of 40,000 units of EPO or placebo on days 1, 8 and 15.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Critically ill patient admitted to the ICU
  • Patient is anemic when entering the study (hemoglobin </= 12.0 g/dL)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a history of blood clots (deep vein thrombosis)
  • Patients with acute ischemic cardiac disease
  • Patients receiving hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis
  • Patients admitted to the ICU because of acute GI bleeding
  • Patients who are planned to be discharged from the ICU within 48 hours of entering the study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00091910

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications: Identifier: NCT00091910     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR004114
Study First Received: September 19, 2004
Last Updated: June 6, 2011

Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
Epoetin alfa
Blood transfusion
Intensive care units

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Critical Illness
Hematologic Diseases
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Epoetin Alfa
Hematinics processed this record on August 18, 2017