Surgery With or Without Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Primary Soft Tissue Sarcoma of the Retroperitoneum or Pelvis

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: September 7, 2004
Last updated: February 6, 2009
Last verified: February 2006

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Giving radiation therapy before surgery may shrink the tumor so that it can be removed. It is not yet known whether surgery is more effective with or without radiation therapy.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying surgery alone to see how well it works compared to radiation therapy together with surgery in treating patients with primary soft tissue sarcoma of the retroperitoneum or pelvis.

Condition Intervention Phase
Procedure: conventional surgery
Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Randomized Study of Preoperative Radiation Plus Surgery Versus Surgery Alone for Patients With Retroperitoneal Sarcomas (RPS)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free survival at 5 years [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Study Start Date: August 2004
Primary Completion Date: February 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:



  • Compare progression-free survival of patients with primary soft tissue sarcoma of the retroperitoneum or pelvis treated with surgery with vs without preoperative radiotherapy.


  • Compare the toxicity and complications associated with these regimens in these patients.
  • Compare the rate of microscopically complete surgical resection in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the overall survival rate of patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to tumor grade (low [G1] vs intermediate [G2] vs high [G3/4]), tumor size (< 15 cm vs ≥ 15 cm), and tumor histology (liposarcoma vs non-liposarcoma). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients undergo surgery.
  • Arm II: Patients undergo preoperative radiotherapy once daily, 5 days a week, for 5.5 weeks. Within 28-63 days after the completion of radiotherapy, patients undergo surgery.

In both arms, treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed at 28 days, 4 months, every 6 months for 5 years, and then annually for 5 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 370 patients (185 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 4.5 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed primary soft tissue sarcoma of the retroperitoneum or pelvis (e.g., iliac fossa)

    • The following histologies are eligible:

      • Alveolar soft part sarcoma
      • Anaplastic sarcoma
      • Angiosarcoma
      • Atypical lipomatous tumor (low-grade liposarcoma)
      • Clear cell sarcoma
      • Epithelioid sarcoma
      • Fibrosarcoma
      • Leiomyosarcoma
      • Liposarcoma (all subtypes)
      • Malignant fibrous histiocytoma
      • Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor
      • Myxofibrosarcoma
      • Neurofibrosarcoma
      • Spindle cell sarcoma
      • Synovial sarcoma
      • Unclassified sarcoma
    • The following histologies are not eligible:

      • Rhabdomyosarcoma
      • Extraosseous Ewing's sarcoma
      • Primitive neuroectodermal tumor
      • Osteosarcoma
      • Chondrosarcoma
      • Aggressive fibromatosis (desmoid tumor)
      • Gastrointestinal stromal tumor
      • Sarcomatoid carcinoma
      • Hemangiopericytoma
  • Retroperitoneal sarcomas located predominantly in the retroperitoneum extending across the inguinal ligament into the abdominal wall are allowed provided that ≥ 90% of the tumor volume is located within the retroperitoneal space

    • No bowel obstruction OR history of previous bowel obstruction attributed to retroperitoneal tumor
  • Primary non-visceral retroperitoneal masses consistent with sarcoma allowed provided diagnoses of carcinoma, melanoma, and lymphoma are excluded by immunohistochemistry
  • Measurable gross disease by abdominopelvic CT scan (with IV and oral contrast) or MRI (with IV contrast)
  • Patients must have undergone radiotherapy consultation within the past 30 days to confirm the feasibility of preoperative external-beam radiotherapy
  • Patients must have undergone surgical consultation within the past 30 days to confirm and document the feasibility of macroscopically complete resection

    • No prior macroscopically incomplete (R2) resection (i.e., partial debulking or subtotal tumor resection with gross residual disease)
  • No pelvic sarcoma extending through the sciatic notch
  • No clinical or radiographic evidence of probable metastatic disease

    • Equivocal pulmonary or liver lesion allowed provided the likelihood of metastatic disease is small
  • No sarcoma arising from bone or any retroperitoneal viscus (except the kidney)
  • No sarcoma extending across the diaphragm into the thorax
  • No recurrent retroperitoneal tumor
  • No multifocal disease



  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-1 OR
  • Zubrod 0-1

Life expectancy

  • Not specified


  • WBC ≥ 2,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 80,000/mm^3


  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Albumin normal* NOTE: *Higher levels allowed


  • Creatinine normal
  • BUN normal
  • Functional kidney confirmed by intravenous pyelogram and/or differential renal isotope scan


  • Not pregnant
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 3 months after study participation
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years (except effectively treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer) unless patient was curatively treated AND is at low risk for recurrence


Biologic therapy

  • Not specified


  • No concurrent chemotherapy for primary tumor

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified


  • No prior abdominal or pelvic irradiation
  • No concurrent intraoperative or postoperative radiotherapy for primary tumor


  • See Disease Characteristics
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00091351

  Show 59 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
American College of Surgeons
Study Chair: Peter W.T. Pisters, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Investigator: Brian O'Sullivan, MD Princess Margaret Hospital, Canada
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided Identifier: NCT00091351     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000387803, ACOSOG-Z9031, ECOG-Z9031
Study First Received: September 7, 2004
Last Updated: February 6, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
adult alveolar soft-part sarcoma
adult angiosarcoma
adult epithelioid sarcoma
adult fibrosarcoma
adult leiomyosarcoma
adult liposarcoma
adult neurofibrosarcoma
adult synovial sarcoma
adult malignant fibrous histiocytoma
stage I adult soft tissue sarcoma
stage II adult soft tissue sarcoma
stage III adult soft tissue sarcoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue processed this record on June 30, 2015