We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
Try the New Site
We're building a modernized ClinicalTrials.gov! Visit Beta.ClinicalTrials.gov to try the new functionality.
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

DC Vaccine Combined With IL-2 and IFNα-2a in Treating Patients With mRCC

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00085436
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 11, 2004
Results First Posted : June 10, 2013
Last Update Posted : June 26, 2018
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Vaccines made from a patient's dendritic cells and tumor cells may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's lymphocytes to kill kidney cancer cells. Interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of cancer cells. Combining vaccine therapy with interleukin-2 and interferon alfa may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving vaccine therapy together with interleukin-2 and interferon alfa works in treating patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (kidney cancer).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Kidney Cancer Biological: Aldesleukin, Biological: autologous tumor cell vaccine Biological: recombinant interferon alfa Phase 2

Detailed Description:



  • Determine the clinical response rate in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with autologous dendritic cells (DC) loaded with autologous tumor lysate (DC vaccine) in combination with interleukin-2 and interferon-alfa.
  • Determine the toxicity of this regimen in these patients.


  • Determine, within relevant immune pathways, the treatment-related, tumor-specific immune response in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Correlate tumor-specific immune response with objective clinical response in patients treated with this regimen.


  • Induction therapy: Patients undergo leukapheresis on day -9. Patients receive autologous dendritic cells (DC) loaded with autologous tumor lysate (DC vaccine) by intranodal injection on days 0 and 14; interleukin-2 (IL-2) IV continuously on days 1-5 and 15-19; and interferon-alfa (IFN-α) subcutaneously (SC) once daily on days 1, 3, 5, 15, 17, and 19.
  • Maintenance therapy: Patients undergo leukapheresis on days 33, 61, and 89. Patients receive DC vaccine by intranodal injection on days 42, 70, and 98; IL-2 IV continuously on days 43-47, 71-75, and 99-103; and IFN-α SC once daily on days 43, 45, 47, 71, 73, 75, 99, 101, and 103.

Patients are followed every 3 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 18-33 patients will be accrued for this study.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study Of Autologous Tumor/DC Vaccine (DC Vaccine) Combined With Interleukin-2 (IL-2) And Interferon-α-2a (IFNα-2a) In Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC)
Study Start Date : December 2003
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2009

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Vaccine, Aldesleukin-2, Interferon-a
All patients will be treated with autologous tumor cell vaccine administered into inguinal lymph nodes via ultrasound guidance in addition to systemic IL-2 and recombinant interferon alfa. Two cycles of induction IL-2/IFNα-2a followed by 3 cycles of maintenance IL-2 + IFNα-2a.
Biological: Aldesleukin,
Recombinant human interleukin-2 (Proleukin, Chiron Therapeutics) will be administered as a five day (120 hr) continuous intravenous infusion at a dose of 18x106 IU per square meter of body surface area per day as per the Negrier regimen (21). The treatment schedule consists of two induction cycles and three maintenance cycles. Each induction cycle consists of two five-day courses of interleukin-2 infusion separated by a nine-day break. Each maintenance cycle consists of a five-day infusion followed by 23-day rest period of no therapy.
Other Name: IL-2 (Proleukin®, Chiron)

Biological: autologous tumor cell vaccine
we will administer 1 X 107 DC cells. The autologous tumor cell vaccine (1 X 107 cells/1cc) in lactated ringers solution and injected into one (or two if clinically necessary) inguinal lymph nodes under ultrasound guidance. Each cycle of DC vaccine will be administered alternately in the right and left inguinal lymph nodes.
Other Name: DC Vaccine

Biological: recombinant interferon alfa
Recombinant human interferon alfa-2a (Roferon, Roche), at a dose of 6 million IU per day three times a week subcutaneously will be given during the two interleukin-2 induction cycles and during each interleukin-2 maintenance cycle
Other Name: interferon alfa-2a; Roferon

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical Response as Measured by RECIST [ Time Frame: monthly, then every 2-3 months ]
    Per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.0) for target lesions and assessed by MRI: Complete Response (CR), Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR), >=30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions; Overall Response (OR) = CR + PR.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Immunity as Measured by T-cell and Antibody Responses to the Tumor [ Time Frame: monthly for 5 months ]
    All patients receiving at least one week of treatment and have at least two time points available for assessment of immune parameters will be include in the evaluation of immune status.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed metastatic renal cell carcinoma with measurable disease.
  • Tumor tissue available and properly stored for lysate preparation.
  • Patients must be at least 4 weeks from their last immunotherapy, radiation, surgery or chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosureas) and recovered from all ill effects.
  • Karnofsky Performance Status ≥60%
  • Life expectancy ≥ twelve weeks
  • Adequate end organ function:
  • Hematological: ANC ≥ 1000cells/μL, platelets ≥ 75,000/μL, hemoglobin ≥ 8.5 g/dl
  • Liver: AST < 2 x ULN (upper limit of normal) unless due to metastases then < 5 x ULN, serum total bilirubin < 2 x ULN (except for patients with Gilbert's Syndrome)
  • Renal: serum creatinine < 2.0 x ULN.
  • Pulmonary: FEV1 > 2.0 liters or > 75% of predicted for height and age.
  • Cardiac: No evidence of congestive heart failure, symptoms of coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction less than 6 months prior to entry, or serious cardiac arrhythmias. Patients over 40 or have had previous myocardial infarction greater than 6 months prior to entry will be required to have a negative or low probability cardiac stress test for cardiac ischemia.
  • CNS: No history of brain metastases.
  • Women should not be lactating and, if of childbearing age, have a negative pregnancy test within two weeks of entry to the study.
  • Appropriate Contraception in both sexes


  • Patients may have not have been treated previously with IL-2, IFNα or autologous vaccine.
  • Concomitant second malignancy except for non-melanoma skin cancer, and non- invasive cancer such as cervical CIS, superficial bladder cancer without local recurrence, breast CIS.
  • In patients with a prior history of invasive malignancy, less than five years in complete remission
  • Positive serology for HIV, hepatitis B or hepatitis C,
  • Significant co-morbid illness such as uncontrolled diabetes or active infection that would preclude treatment on this regimen.
  • Use of corticosteroids or other immunosuppression (if patient had been taking steroids, at least 4 weeks must have passed since the last dose).
  • History of autoimmune disease.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00085436

Layout table for location information
United States, New Hampshire
Norris Cotton Cancer Center at Dartmouth - Hitchcock Medical Center
Lebanon, New Hampshire, United States, 03756-0002
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Layout table for investigator information
Study Chair: Marc S. Ernstoff, MD Norris Cotton Cancer Center
Publications of Results:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00085436    
Other Study ID Numbers: D0238
R01CA095648 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
P30CA023108 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
DMS-0238 ( Other Identifier: Dartmouth College )
DMS-16090 ( Other Identifier: Dartmouth College )
First Posted: June 11, 2004    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 10, 2013
Last Update Posted: June 26, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018
Keywords provided by Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center:
recurrent renal cell cancer
stage IV renal cell cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Female Urogenital Diseases
Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications
Urogenital Diseases
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Male Urogenital Diseases
Interferon alpha-2
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents