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Dexamethasone Compared With Prednisone During Induction Therapy and Methotrexate With or Without Leucovorin During Maintenance Therapy in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed High-Risk Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00075725
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 13, 2004
Results First Posted : August 6, 2015
Last Update Posted : April 27, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Children's Oncology Group

Brief Summary:
This randomized phase III trial is studying dexamethasone to see how well it works compared to prednisone during induction therapy. This trial is also studying methotrexate and leucovorin calcium to see how well they work compared to methotrexate alone during maintenance therapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as dexamethasone, prednisone, methotrexate, and leucovorin calcium, work in different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Giving more than one drug may kill more cancer cells. It is not yet known which combination chemotherapy regimen is more effective in treating acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Adult B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Childhood B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Cytarabine Drug: Daunorubicin Hydrochloride Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride Drug: Leucovorin Calcium Drug: Mercaptopurine Drug: Methotrexate Drug: Pegaspargase Drug: Prednisone Radiation: Radiation Therapy Drug: Thioguanine Drug: Vincristine Sulfate Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3154 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: High Risk B-Precursor Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
Actual Study Start Date : December 29, 2003
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : March 31, 2021


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Arm I
Patients in arm I receive intrathecal cytarabine in week 1; infusions of vincristine and daunorubicin once a week in weeks 1-4; dexamethasone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5 or 2-5; and an injection of pegaspargase in week 1.
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamide Monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719

Drug: Cytarabine
Given IT, SC, or IV
Other Names:
  • .beta.-Cytosine arabinoside
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-Amino-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-amino-1.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • Alexan
  • Ara-C
  • ARA-cell
  • Arabine
  • Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • Arabinosylcytosine
  • Aracytidine
  • Aracytin
  • Aracytine
  • Beta-Cytosine Arabinoside
  • CHX-3311
  • Cytarabinum
  • Cytarbel
  • Cytosar
  • Cytosine Arabinoside
  • Cytosine-.beta.-arabinoside
  • Cytosine-beta-arabinoside
  • Erpalfa
  • Starasid
  • Tarabine PFS
  • U 19920
  • U-19920
  • Udicil
  • WR-28453

Drug: Daunorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Cerubidin
  • Cerubidine
  • Cloridrato de Daunorubicina
  • Daunoblastin
  • Daunoblastina
  • Daunoblastine
  • Daunomycin Hydrochloride
  • Daunomycin, hydrochloride
  • Daunorubicin.HCl
  • Daunorubicini Hydrochloridum
  • FI-6339
  • Ondena
  • RP-13057
  • Rubidomycin Hydrochloride
  • Rubilem

Drug: Dexamethasone
Given PO or IV
Other Names:
  • Aacidexam
  • Adexone
  • Aknichthol Dexa
  • Alba-Dex
  • Alin
  • Alin Depot
  • Alin Oftalmico
  • Amplidermis
  • Anemul mono
  • Auricularum
  • Auxiloson
  • Baycadron
  • Baycuten
  • Baycuten N
  • Cortidexason
  • Cortisumman
  • Decacort
  • Decadrol
  • Decadron
  • Decadron DP
  • Decalix
  • Decameth
  • Decasone R.p.
  • Dectancyl
  • Dekacort
  • Deltafluorene
  • Deronil
  • Desamethasone
  • Desameton
  • Dexa-Mamallet
  • Dexa-Rhinosan
  • Dexa-Scheroson
  • Dexa-sine
  • Dexacortal
  • Dexacortin
  • Dexafarma
  • Dexafluorene
  • Dexalocal
  • Dexamecortin
  • Dexameth
  • Dexamethasone Intensol
  • Dexamethasonum
  • Dexamonozon
  • Dexapos
  • Dexinoral
  • Dexone
  • Dinormon
  • Dxevo
  • Fluorodelta
  • Fortecortin
  • Gammacorten
  • Hexadecadrol
  • Hexadrol
  • Lokalison-F
  • Loverine
  • Methylfluorprednisolone
  • Millicorten
  • Mymethasone
  • Orgadrone
  • Spersadex
  • TaperDex
  • Visumetazone
  • ZoDex

Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI)
  • ADM
  • Adriacin
  • Adriamycin
  • Adriamycin Hydrochloride
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
  • ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE
  • Adriamycine
  • Adriblastina
  • Adriblastine
  • Adrimedac
  • Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina
  • DOX
  • DOXO-CELL
  • Doxolem
  • Doxorubicin HCl
  • Doxorubicin.HCl
  • Doxorubin
  • Farmiblastina
  • FI 106
  • FI-106
  • hydroxydaunorubicin
  • Rubex

Drug: Mercaptopurine
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 3H-Purine-6-thiol
  • 6 MP
  • 6 Thiohypoxanthine
  • 6 Thiopurine
  • 6-Mercaptopurine
  • 6-Mercaptopurine Monohydrate
  • 6-MP
  • 6-Purinethiol
  • 6-Thiopurine
  • 6-Thioxopurine
  • 6H-Purine-6-thione, 1,7-dihydro- (9CI)
  • 7-Mercapto-1,3,4,6-tetrazaindene
  • Alti-Mercaptopurine
  • Azathiopurine
  • Bw 57-323H
  • Flocofil
  • Ismipur
  • Leukerin
  • Leupurin
  • Mercaleukim
  • Mercaleukin
  • Mercaptina
  • Mercaptopurinum
  • Mercapurin
  • Mern
  • NCI-C04886
  • Puri-Nethol
  • Purimethol
  • Purine, 6-mercapto-
  • Purine-6-thiol (8CI)
  • Purine-6-thiol, monohydrate
  • Purinethiol
  • Purinethol
  • U-4748
  • WR-2785

Drug: Methotrexate
Given IT or IV
Other Names:
  • Abitrexate
  • Alpha-Methopterin
  • Amethopterin
  • Brimexate
  • CL 14377
  • CL-14377
  • Emtexate
  • Emthexat
  • Emthexate
  • Farmitrexat
  • Fauldexato
  • Folex
  • Folex PFS
  • Lantarel
  • Ledertrexate
  • Lumexon
  • Maxtrex
  • Medsatrexate
  • Metex
  • Methoblastin
  • Methotrexate LPF
  • Methotrexate Methylaminopterin
  • Methotrexatum
  • Metotrexato
  • Metrotex
  • Mexate
  • Mexate-AQ
  • MTX
  • Novatrex
  • Rheumatrex
  • Texate
  • Tremetex
  • Trexeron
  • Trixilem
  • WR-19039

Drug: Pegaspargase
Given IM
Other Names:
  • L-Asparaginase with Polyethylene Glycol
  • Oncaspar
  • Oncaspar-IV
  • PEG-Asparaginase
  • PEG-L-Asparaginase
  • PEG-L-Asparaginase (Enzon - Kyowa Hakko)
  • PEGLA
  • Polyethylene Glycol L-Asparaginase
  • Polyethylene Glycol-L-Asparaginase

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Undergo radiation therapy
Other Names:
  • Cancer Radiotherapy
  • ENERGY_TYPE
  • Irradiate
  • Irradiated
  • Irradiation
  • Radiation
  • Radiation Therapy, NOS
  • Radiotherapeutics
  • Radiotherapy
  • RT
  • Therapy, Radiation

Drug: Thioguanine
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 2-Amino 6MP
  • 2-Amino-1,7-dihydro-6H-purine-6-thione
  • 2-Amino-6-mercaptopurine
  • 2-Amino-6-purinethiol
  • 2-Aminopurin-6-thiol
  • 2-Aminopurine-6(1H)-thione
  • 2-Aminopurine-6-thiol
  • 2-Aminopurine-6-thiol Hemihydrate
  • 2-Mercapto-6-aminopurine
  • 6-Amino-2-mercaptopurine
  • 6-Mercapto-2-aminopurine
  • 6-Mercaptoguanine
  • 6-TG
  • 6H-Purine-6-thione, 2-amino-1,7-dihydro- (9CI)
  • BW 5071
  • Lanvis
  • Tabloid
  • Thioguanine Hemihydrate
  • Thioguanine Hydrate
  • Tioguanin
  • Tioguanine
  • Wellcome U3B
  • WR-1141
  • X 27

Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Kyocristine
  • Leurocristine Sulfate
  • Leurocristine, sulfate
  • Oncovin
  • Vincasar
  • Vincosid
  • Vincrex
  • Vincristine, sulfate

Active Comparator: Arm II
Patients in arm II will receive intrathecal cytarabine in week 1; infusions of vincristine and daunorubicin once a week in weeks 1-4; dexamethasone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5 or 2-5; and an injection of pegaspargase in week 1.
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamide Monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719

Drug: Cytarabine
Given IT, SC, or IV
Other Names:
  • .beta.-Cytosine arabinoside
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-Amino-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-amino-1.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • Alexan
  • Ara-C
  • ARA-cell
  • Arabine
  • Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • Arabinosylcytosine
  • Aracytidine
  • Aracytin
  • Aracytine
  • Beta-Cytosine Arabinoside
  • CHX-3311
  • Cytarabinum
  • Cytarbel
  • Cytosar
  • Cytosine Arabinoside
  • Cytosine-.beta.-arabinoside
  • Cytosine-beta-arabinoside
  • Erpalfa
  • Starasid
  • Tarabine PFS
  • U 19920
  • U-19920
  • Udicil
  • WR-28453

Drug: Daunorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Cerubidin
  • Cerubidine
  • Cloridrato de Daunorubicina
  • Daunoblastin
  • Daunoblastina
  • Daunoblastine
  • Daunomycin Hydrochloride
  • Daunomycin, hydrochloride
  • Daunorubicin.HCl
  • Daunorubicini Hydrochloridum
  • FI-6339
  • Ondena
  • RP-13057
  • Rubidomycin Hydrochloride
  • Rubilem

Drug: Dexamethasone
Given PO or IV
Other Names:
  • Aacidexam
  • Adexone
  • Aknichthol Dexa
  • Alba-Dex
  • Alin
  • Alin Depot
  • Alin Oftalmico
  • Amplidermis
  • Anemul mono
  • Auricularum
  • Auxiloson
  • Baycadron
  • Baycuten
  • Baycuten N
  • Cortidexason
  • Cortisumman
  • Decacort
  • Decadrol
  • Decadron
  • Decadron DP
  • Decalix
  • Decameth
  • Decasone R.p.
  • Dectancyl
  • Dekacort
  • Deltafluorene
  • Deronil
  • Desamethasone
  • Desameton
  • Dexa-Mamallet
  • Dexa-Rhinosan
  • Dexa-Scheroson
  • Dexa-sine
  • Dexacortal
  • Dexacortin
  • Dexafarma
  • Dexafluorene
  • Dexalocal
  • Dexamecortin
  • Dexameth
  • Dexamethasone Intensol
  • Dexamethasonum
  • Dexamonozon
  • Dexapos
  • Dexinoral
  • Dexone
  • Dinormon
  • Dxevo
  • Fluorodelta
  • Fortecortin
  • Gammacorten
  • Hexadecadrol
  • Hexadrol
  • Lokalison-F
  • Loverine
  • Methylfluorprednisolone
  • Millicorten
  • Mymethasone
  • Orgadrone
  • Spersadex
  • TaperDex
  • Visumetazone
  • ZoDex

Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI)
  • ADM
  • Adriacin
  • Adriamycin
  • Adriamycin Hydrochloride
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
  • ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE
  • Adriamycine
  • Adriblastina
  • Adriblastine
  • Adrimedac
  • Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina
  • DOX
  • DOXO-CELL
  • Doxolem
  • Doxorubicin HCl
  • Doxorubicin.HCl
  • Doxorubin
  • Farmiblastina
  • FI 106
  • FI-106
  • hydroxydaunorubicin
  • Rubex

Drug: Leucovorin Calcium
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Adinepar
  • Calcifolin
  • Calcium (6S)-Folinate
  • Calcium Folinate
  • Calcium Leucovorin
  • Calfolex
  • Calinat
  • Cehafolin
  • Citofolin
  • Citrec
  • Citrovorum Factor
  • Cromatonbic Folinico
  • Dalisol
  • Disintox
  • Divical
  • Ecofol
  • Emovis
  • Factor, Citrovorum
  • Flynoken A
  • Folaren
  • Folaxin
  • FOLI-cell
  • Foliben
  • Folidan
  • Folidar
  • Folinac
  • Folinate Calcium
  • folinic acid
  • Folinic Acid Calcium Salt Pentahydrate
  • Folinoral
  • Folinvit
  • Foliplus
  • Folix
  • Imo
  • Lederfolat
  • Lederfolin
  • Leucosar
  • leucovorin
  • Rescufolin
  • Rescuvolin
  • Tonofolin
  • Wellcovorin

Drug: Mercaptopurine
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 3H-Purine-6-thiol
  • 6 MP
  • 6 Thiohypoxanthine
  • 6 Thiopurine
  • 6-Mercaptopurine
  • 6-Mercaptopurine Monohydrate
  • 6-MP
  • 6-Purinethiol
  • 6-Thiopurine
  • 6-Thioxopurine
  • 6H-Purine-6-thione, 1,7-dihydro- (9CI)
  • 7-Mercapto-1,3,4,6-tetrazaindene
  • Alti-Mercaptopurine
  • Azathiopurine
  • Bw 57-323H
  • Flocofil
  • Ismipur
  • Leukerin
  • Leupurin
  • Mercaleukim
  • Mercaleukin
  • Mercaptina
  • Mercaptopurinum
  • Mercapurin
  • Mern
  • NCI-C04886
  • Puri-Nethol
  • Purimethol
  • Purine, 6-mercapto-
  • Purine-6-thiol (8CI)
  • Purine-6-thiol, monohydrate
  • Purinethiol
  • Purinethol
  • U-4748
  • WR-2785

Drug: Methotrexate
Given IT or IV
Other Names:
  • Abitrexate
  • Alpha-Methopterin
  • Amethopterin
  • Brimexate
  • CL 14377
  • CL-14377
  • Emtexate
  • Emthexat
  • Emthexate
  • Farmitrexat
  • Fauldexato
  • Folex
  • Folex PFS
  • Lantarel
  • Ledertrexate
  • Lumexon
  • Maxtrex
  • Medsatrexate
  • Metex
  • Methoblastin
  • Methotrexate LPF
  • Methotrexate Methylaminopterin
  • Methotrexatum
  • Metotrexato
  • Metrotex
  • Mexate
  • Mexate-AQ
  • MTX
  • Novatrex
  • Rheumatrex
  • Texate
  • Tremetex
  • Trexeron
  • Trixilem
  • WR-19039

Drug: Pegaspargase
Given IM
Other Names:
  • L-Asparaginase with Polyethylene Glycol
  • Oncaspar
  • Oncaspar-IV
  • PEG-Asparaginase
  • PEG-L-Asparaginase
  • PEG-L-Asparaginase (Enzon - Kyowa Hakko)
  • PEGLA
  • Polyethylene Glycol L-Asparaginase
  • Polyethylene Glycol-L-Asparaginase

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Undergo radiation therapy
Other Names:
  • Cancer Radiotherapy
  • ENERGY_TYPE
  • Irradiate
  • Irradiated
  • Irradiation
  • Radiation
  • Radiation Therapy, NOS
  • Radiotherapeutics
  • Radiotherapy
  • RT
  • Therapy, Radiation

Drug: Thioguanine
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 2-Amino 6MP
  • 2-Amino-1,7-dihydro-6H-purine-6-thione
  • 2-Amino-6-mercaptopurine
  • 2-Amino-6-purinethiol
  • 2-Aminopurin-6-thiol
  • 2-Aminopurine-6(1H)-thione
  • 2-Aminopurine-6-thiol
  • 2-Aminopurine-6-thiol Hemihydrate
  • 2-Mercapto-6-aminopurine
  • 6-Amino-2-mercaptopurine
  • 6-Mercapto-2-aminopurine
  • 6-Mercaptoguanine
  • 6-TG
  • 6H-Purine-6-thione, 2-amino-1,7-dihydro- (9CI)
  • BW 5071
  • Lanvis
  • Tabloid
  • Thioguanine Hemihydrate
  • Thioguanine Hydrate
  • Tioguanin
  • Tioguanine
  • Wellcome U3B
  • WR-1141
  • X 27

Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Kyocristine
  • Leurocristine Sulfate
  • Leurocristine, sulfate
  • Oncovin
  • Vincasar
  • Vincosid
  • Vincrex
  • Vincristine, sulfate

Experimental: Arm III

Patients in arm III will receive cytarabine, vincristine, daunorubicin, and pegaspargase as in groups one and two. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5.

Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamide Monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719

Drug: Cytarabine
Given IT, SC, or IV
Other Names:
  • .beta.-Cytosine arabinoside
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-Amino-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-amino-1.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • Alexan
  • Ara-C
  • ARA-cell
  • Arabine
  • Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • Arabinosylcytosine
  • Aracytidine
  • Aracytin
  • Aracytine
  • Beta-Cytosine Arabinoside
  • CHX-3311
  • Cytarabinum
  • Cytarbel
  • Cytosar
  • Cytosine Arabinoside
  • Cytosine-.beta.-arabinoside
  • Cytosine-beta-arabinoside
  • Erpalfa
  • Starasid
  • Tarabine PFS
  • U 19920
  • U-19920
  • Udicil
  • WR-28453

Drug: Daunorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Cerubidin
  • Cerubidine
  • Cloridrato de Daunorubicina
  • Daunoblastin
  • Daunoblastina
  • Daunoblastine
  • Daunomycin Hydrochloride
  • Daunomycin, hydrochloride
  • Daunorubicin.HCl
  • Daunorubicini Hydrochloridum
  • FI-6339
  • Ondena
  • RP-13057
  • Rubidomycin Hydrochloride
  • Rubilem

Drug: Dexamethasone
Given PO or IV
Other Names:
  • Aacidexam
  • Adexone
  • Aknichthol Dexa
  • Alba-Dex
  • Alin
  • Alin Depot
  • Alin Oftalmico
  • Amplidermis
  • Anemul mono
  • Auricularum
  • Auxiloson
  • Baycadron
  • Baycuten
  • Baycuten N
  • Cortidexason
  • Cortisumman
  • Decacort
  • Decadrol
  • Decadron
  • Decadron DP
  • Decalix
  • Decameth
  • Decasone R.p.
  • Dectancyl
  • Dekacort
  • Deltafluorene
  • Deronil
  • Desamethasone
  • Desameton
  • Dexa-Mamallet
  • Dexa-Rhinosan
  • Dexa-Scheroson
  • Dexa-sine
  • Dexacortal
  • Dexacortin
  • Dexafarma
  • Dexafluorene
  • Dexalocal
  • Dexamecortin
  • Dexameth
  • Dexamethasone Intensol
  • Dexamethasonum
  • Dexamonozon
  • Dexapos
  • Dexinoral
  • Dexone
  • Dinormon
  • Dxevo
  • Fluorodelta
  • Fortecortin
  • Gammacorten
  • Hexadecadrol
  • Hexadrol
  • Lokalison-F
  • Loverine
  • Methylfluorprednisolone
  • Millicorten
  • Mymethasone
  • Orgadrone
  • Spersadex
  • TaperDex
  • Visumetazone
  • ZoDex

Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI)
  • ADM
  • Adriacin
  • Adriamycin
  • Adriamycin Hydrochloride
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
  • ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE
  • Adriamycine
  • Adriblastina
  • Adriblastine
  • Adrimedac
  • Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina
  • DOX
  • DOXO-CELL
  • Doxolem
  • Doxorubicin HCl
  • Doxorubicin.HCl
  • Doxorubin
  • Farmiblastina
  • FI 106
  • FI-106
  • hydroxydaunorubicin
  • Rubex

Drug: Mercaptopurine
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 3H-Purine-6-thiol
  • 6 MP
  • 6 Thiohypoxanthine
  • 6 Thiopurine
  • 6-Mercaptopurine
  • 6-Mercaptopurine Monohydrate
  • 6-MP
  • 6-Purinethiol
  • 6-Thiopurine
  • 6-Thioxopurine
  • 6H-Purine-6-thione, 1,7-dihydro- (9CI)
  • 7-Mercapto-1,3,4,6-tetrazaindene
  • Alti-Mercaptopurine
  • Azathiopurine
  • Bw 57-323H
  • Flocofil
  • Ismipur
  • Leukerin
  • Leupurin
  • Mercaleukim
  • Mercaleukin
  • Mercaptina
  • Mercaptopurinum
  • Mercapurin
  • Mern
  • NCI-C04886
  • Puri-Nethol
  • Purimethol
  • Purine, 6-mercapto-
  • Purine-6-thiol (8CI)
  • Purine-6-thiol, monohydrate
  • Purinethiol
  • Purinethol
  • U-4748
  • WR-2785

Drug: Methotrexate
Given IT or IV
Other Names:
  • Abitrexate
  • Alpha-Methopterin
  • Amethopterin
  • Brimexate
  • CL 14377
  • CL-14377
  • Emtexate
  • Emthexat
  • Emthexate
  • Farmitrexat
  • Fauldexato
  • Folex
  • Folex PFS
  • Lantarel
  • Ledertrexate
  • Lumexon
  • Maxtrex
  • Medsatrexate
  • Metex
  • Methoblastin
  • Methotrexate LPF
  • Methotrexate Methylaminopterin
  • Methotrexatum
  • Metotrexato
  • Metrotex
  • Mexate
  • Mexate-AQ
  • MTX
  • Novatrex
  • Rheumatrex
  • Texate
  • Tremetex
  • Trexeron
  • Trixilem
  • WR-19039

Drug: Pegaspargase
Given IM
Other Names:
  • L-Asparaginase with Polyethylene Glycol
  • Oncaspar
  • Oncaspar-IV
  • PEG-Asparaginase
  • PEG-L-Asparaginase
  • PEG-L-Asparaginase (Enzon - Kyowa Hakko)
  • PEGLA
  • Polyethylene Glycol L-Asparaginase
  • Polyethylene Glycol-L-Asparaginase

Drug: Prednisone
Given PO or IV
Other Names:
  • .delta.1-Cortisone
  • 1, 2-Dehydrocortisone
  • Adasone
  • Cortancyl
  • Dacortin
  • DeCortin
  • Decortisyl
  • Decorton
  • Delta 1-Cortisone
  • Delta-Dome
  • Deltacortene
  • Deltacortisone
  • Deltadehydrocortisone
  • Deltasone
  • Deltison
  • Deltra
  • Econosone
  • Lisacort
  • Meprosona-F
  • Metacortandracin
  • Meticorten
  • Ofisolona
  • Orasone
  • Panafcort
  • Panasol-S
  • Paracort
  • Perrigo Prednisone
  • PRED
  • Predicor
  • Predicorten
  • Prednicen-M
  • Prednicort
  • Prednidib
  • Prednilonga
  • Predniment
  • Prednisone Intensol
  • Prednisonum
  • Prednitone
  • Promifen
  • Rayos
  • Servisone
  • SK-Prednisone

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Undergo radiation therapy
Other Names:
  • Cancer Radiotherapy
  • ENERGY_TYPE
  • Irradiate
  • Irradiated
  • Irradiation
  • Radiation
  • Radiation Therapy, NOS
  • Radiotherapeutics
  • Radiotherapy
  • RT
  • Therapy, Radiation

Drug: Thioguanine
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 2-Amino 6MP
  • 2-Amino-1,7-dihydro-6H-purine-6-thione
  • 2-Amino-6-mercaptopurine
  • 2-Amino-6-purinethiol
  • 2-Aminopurin-6-thiol
  • 2-Aminopurine-6(1H)-thione
  • 2-Aminopurine-6-thiol
  • 2-Aminopurine-6-thiol Hemihydrate
  • 2-Mercapto-6-aminopurine
  • 6-Amino-2-mercaptopurine
  • 6-Mercapto-2-aminopurine
  • 6-Mercaptoguanine
  • 6-TG
  • 6H-Purine-6-thione, 2-amino-1,7-dihydro- (9CI)
  • BW 5071
  • Lanvis
  • Tabloid
  • Thioguanine Hemihydrate
  • Thioguanine Hydrate
  • Tioguanin
  • Tioguanine
  • Wellcome U3B
  • WR-1141
  • X 27

Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Kyocristine
  • Leurocristine Sulfate
  • Leurocristine, sulfate
  • Oncovin
  • Vincasar
  • Vincosid
  • Vincrex
  • Vincristine, sulfate

Experimental: Arm IV

Patients in arm IV will receive cytarabine, vincristine, daunorubicin, and pegaspargase as in groups one and two. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5.

Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamide Monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719

Drug: Cytarabine
Given IT, SC, or IV
Other Names:
  • .beta.-Cytosine arabinoside
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-Amino-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-amino-1.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • Alexan
  • Ara-C
  • ARA-cell
  • Arabine
  • Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • Arabinosylcytosine
  • Aracytidine
  • Aracytin
  • Aracytine
  • Beta-Cytosine Arabinoside
  • CHX-3311
  • Cytarabinum
  • Cytarbel
  • Cytosar
  • Cytosine Arabinoside
  • Cytosine-.beta.-arabinoside
  • Cytosine-beta-arabinoside
  • Erpalfa
  • Starasid
  • Tarabine PFS
  • U 19920
  • U-19920
  • Udicil
  • WR-28453

Drug: Daunorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Cerubidin
  • Cerubidine
  • Cloridrato de Daunorubicina
  • Daunoblastin
  • Daunoblastina
  • Daunoblastine
  • Daunomycin Hydrochloride
  • Daunomycin, hydrochloride
  • Daunorubicin.HCl
  • Daunorubicini Hydrochloridum
  • FI-6339
  • Ondena
  • RP-13057
  • Rubidomycin Hydrochloride
  • Rubilem

Drug: Dexamethasone
Given PO or IV
Other Names:
  • Aacidexam
  • Adexone
  • Aknichthol Dexa
  • Alba-Dex
  • Alin
  • Alin Depot
  • Alin Oftalmico
  • Amplidermis
  • Anemul mono
  • Auricularum
  • Auxiloson
  • Baycadron
  • Baycuten
  • Baycuten N
  • Cortidexason
  • Cortisumman
  • Decacort
  • Decadrol
  • Decadron
  • Decadron DP
  • Decalix
  • Decameth
  • Decasone R.p.
  • Dectancyl
  • Dekacort
  • Deltafluorene
  • Deronil
  • Desamethasone
  • Desameton
  • Dexa-Mamallet
  • Dexa-Rhinosan
  • Dexa-Scheroson
  • Dexa-sine
  • Dexacortal
  • Dexacortin
  • Dexafarma
  • Dexafluorene
  • Dexalocal
  • Dexamecortin
  • Dexameth
  • Dexamethasone Intensol
  • Dexamethasonum
  • Dexamonozon
  • Dexapos
  • Dexinoral
  • Dexone
  • Dinormon
  • Dxevo
  • Fluorodelta
  • Fortecortin
  • Gammacorten
  • Hexadecadrol
  • Hexadrol
  • Lokalison-F
  • Loverine
  • Methylfluorprednisolone
  • Millicorten
  • Mymethasone
  • Orgadrone
  • Spersadex
  • TaperDex
  • Visumetazone
  • ZoDex

Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI)
  • ADM
  • Adriacin
  • Adriamycin
  • Adriamycin Hydrochloride
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
  • ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE
  • Adriamycine
  • Adriblastina
  • Adriblastine
  • Adrimedac
  • Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina
  • DOX
  • DOXO-CELL
  • Doxolem
  • Doxorubicin HCl
  • Doxorubicin.HCl
  • Doxorubin
  • Farmiblastina
  • FI 106
  • FI-106
  • hydroxydaunorubicin
  • Rubex

Drug: Leucovorin Calcium
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Adinepar
  • Calcifolin
  • Calcium (6S)-Folinate
  • Calcium Folinate
  • Calcium Leucovorin
  • Calfolex
  • Calinat
  • Cehafolin
  • Citofolin
  • Citrec
  • Citrovorum Factor
  • Cromatonbic Folinico
  • Dalisol
  • Disintox
  • Divical
  • Ecofol
  • Emovis
  • Factor, Citrovorum
  • Flynoken A
  • Folaren
  • Folaxin
  • FOLI-cell
  • Foliben
  • Folidan
  • Folidar
  • Folinac
  • Folinate Calcium
  • folinic acid
  • Folinic Acid Calcium Salt Pentahydrate
  • Folinoral
  • Folinvit
  • Foliplus
  • Folix
  • Imo
  • Lederfolat
  • Lederfolin
  • Leucosar
  • leucovorin
  • Rescufolin
  • Rescuvolin
  • Tonofolin
  • Wellcovorin

Drug: Mercaptopurine
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 3H-Purine-6-thiol
  • 6 MP
  • 6 Thiohypoxanthine
  • 6 Thiopurine
  • 6-Mercaptopurine
  • 6-Mercaptopurine Monohydrate
  • 6-MP
  • 6-Purinethiol
  • 6-Thiopurine
  • 6-Thioxopurine
  • 6H-Purine-6-thione, 1,7-dihydro- (9CI)
  • 7-Mercapto-1,3,4,6-tetrazaindene
  • Alti-Mercaptopurine
  • Azathiopurine
  • Bw 57-323H
  • Flocofil
  • Ismipur
  • Leukerin
  • Leupurin
  • Mercaleukim
  • Mercaleukin
  • Mercaptina
  • Mercaptopurinum
  • Mercapurin
  • Mern
  • NCI-C04886
  • Puri-Nethol
  • Purimethol
  • Purine, 6-mercapto-
  • Purine-6-thiol (8CI)
  • Purine-6-thiol, monohydrate
  • Purinethiol
  • Purinethol
  • U-4748
  • WR-2785

Drug: Methotrexate
Given IT or IV
Other Names:
  • Abitrexate
  • Alpha-Methopterin
  • Amethopterin
  • Brimexate
  • CL 14377
  • CL-14377
  • Emtexate
  • Emthexat
  • Emthexate
  • Farmitrexat
  • Fauldexato
  • Folex
  • Folex PFS
  • Lantarel
  • Ledertrexate
  • Lumexon
  • Maxtrex
  • Medsatrexate
  • Metex
  • Methoblastin
  • Methotrexate LPF
  • Methotrexate Methylaminopterin
  • Methotrexatum
  • Metotrexato
  • Metrotex
  • Mexate
  • Mexate-AQ
  • MTX
  • Novatrex
  • Rheumatrex
  • Texate
  • Tremetex
  • Trexeron
  • Trixilem
  • WR-19039

Drug: Pegaspargase
Given IM
Other Names:
  • L-Asparaginase with Polyethylene Glycol
  • Oncaspar
  • Oncaspar-IV
  • PEG-Asparaginase
  • PEG-L-Asparaginase
  • PEG-L-Asparaginase (Enzon - Kyowa Hakko)
  • PEGLA
  • Polyethylene Glycol L-Asparaginase
  • Polyethylene Glycol-L-Asparaginase

Drug: Prednisone
Given PO or IV
Other Names:
  • .delta.1-Cortisone
  • 1, 2-Dehydrocortisone
  • Adasone
  • Cortancyl
  • Dacortin
  • DeCortin
  • Decortisyl
  • Decorton
  • Delta 1-Cortisone
  • Delta-Dome
  • Deltacortene
  • Deltacortisone
  • Deltadehydrocortisone
  • Deltasone
  • Deltison
  • Deltra
  • Econosone
  • Lisacort
  • Meprosona-F
  • Metacortandracin
  • Meticorten
  • Ofisolona
  • Orasone
  • Panafcort
  • Panasol-S
  • Paracort
  • Perrigo Prednisone
  • PRED
  • Predicor
  • Predicorten
  • Prednicen-M
  • Prednicort
  • Prednidib
  • Prednilonga
  • Predniment
  • Prednisone Intensol
  • Prednisonum
  • Prednitone
  • Promifen
  • Rayos
  • Servisone
  • SK-Prednisone

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Undergo radiation therapy
Other Names:
  • Cancer Radiotherapy
  • ENERGY_TYPE
  • Irradiate
  • Irradiated
  • Irradiation
  • Radiation
  • Radiation Therapy, NOS
  • Radiotherapeutics
  • Radiotherapy
  • RT
  • Therapy, Radiation

Drug: Thioguanine
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 2-Amino 6MP
  • 2-Amino-1,7-dihydro-6H-purine-6-thione
  • 2-Amino-6-mercaptopurine
  • 2-Amino-6-purinethiol
  • 2-Aminopurin-6-thiol
  • 2-Aminopurine-6(1H)-thione
  • 2-Aminopurine-6-thiol
  • 2-Aminopurine-6-thiol Hemihydrate
  • 2-Mercapto-6-aminopurine
  • 6-Amino-2-mercaptopurine
  • 6-Mercapto-2-aminopurine
  • 6-Mercaptoguanine
  • 6-TG
  • 6H-Purine-6-thione, 2-amino-1,7-dihydro- (9CI)
  • BW 5071
  • Lanvis
  • Tabloid
  • Thioguanine Hemihydrate
  • Thioguanine Hydrate
  • Tioguanin
  • Tioguanine
  • Wellcome U3B
  • WR-1141
  • X 27

Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Kyocristine
  • Leurocristine Sulfate
  • Leurocristine, sulfate
  • Oncovin
  • Vincasar
  • Vincosid
  • Vincrex
  • Vincristine, sulfate




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Comparison of the Increase in Cure Rate of High Risk ALL Without Causing More Serious Side Effects Between Interventions [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Event Free Probability.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Correlation of Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) Positive With Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 5 Years ]
    Bone marrow MRD status is defined as positive with >= 0.1 detectable leukemia cells, and negative with < 0.1 detectable leukemia cells.

  2. Correlation of Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) Negative With Overall Survival (OS). [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Bone marrow MRD status is defined as negative with < .01 detectable leukemia cells.

  3. Correlation of Early Marrow Response Status With MRD Positive. [ Time Frame: Day 29 ]
    Bone marrow status is defined as: M1: < 5% lymphoblasts; M2: 5-25% lymphoblasts; M3: > 25% lymphoblasts. Bone marrow MRD status is defined as positive with >= 0.1 detectable leukemia cells, and negative with < 0.1 detectable leukemia cells.

  4. Correlation of Early Marrow Response Status With MRD Negative. [ Time Frame: Day 29 ]
    Bone marrow status is defined as: M1: < 5% lymphoblasts; M2: 5-25% lymphoblasts; M3: > 25% lymphoblasts. Bone marrow MRD status is defined as positive with >= 0.1 detectable leukemia cells, and negative with < 0.1 detectable leukemia cells.

  5. Correlation of Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) Positive With Event Free Survival (EFS) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Bone marrow MRD status is defined as positive with >= 0.1 detectable leukemia cells.

  6. Correlation of Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) Negative With Event Free Survival (EFS). [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Bone marrow MRD status is defined as negative with < 0.1 detectable leukemia cells.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 30 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must be eligible for and enrolled on classification study COG-AALL03B1
  • Newly diagnosed B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia

    • WBC > 50,000/mm^3 for patients age 1 to 9
    • Any WBC for patients age 10 to 30 OR patients who have received prior steroid therapy OR patients with testicular disease
  • Whit blood cell (WBC) criteria:

    • Age 1 - 9 years: WBC >= 50,000/uL
    • Age 10 - 30 years: any WBC
    • Prior steroid therapy: any WBC
    • Testicular disease: any WBC
  • Patients shall have had no other prior cytotoxic chemotherapy with the exception of steroids and intrathecal cytarabine
  • Patients receiving prior steroid therapy (as described in AALL03B1) are eligible for study; the dose and duration of previous steroid therapy should be carefully documented
  • All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
  • All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with Down syndrome are ineligible to enroll onto this study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00075725


Locations
Show Show 234 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Eric C Larsen Children's Oncology Group
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Children's Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00075725    
Other Study ID Numbers: AALL0232
NCI-2009-00301 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
COG-AALL0232
CDR0000349182
11723
AALL0232 ( Other Identifier: Children's Oncology Group )
AALL0232 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA098543 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 13, 2004    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 6, 2015
Last Update Posted: April 27, 2021
Last Verified: April 2021
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Leukemia
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Calcium, Dietary
Leucovorin
Folic Acid
Cytarabine
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone acetate
Prednisone
Cortisone
Cyclophosphamide
Doxorubicin
Liposomal doxorubicin
Methotrexate
Vincristine
Daunorubicin
Asparaginase
Mercaptopurine
Thioguanine
Pegaspargase
BB 1101
Calcium
2-Aminopurine