Chemotherapy, Interferon Alfa, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients Who Have Undergone Surgery For Pancreatic Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00068575
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 11, 2003
Results First Posted : February 14, 2012
Last Update Posted : February 15, 2012
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin and fluorouracil, use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Biological therapies such as interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of the tumor cells and slow the growth of cancer. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining chemotherapy and interferon alfa with radiation therapy after surgery may kill any remaining tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving cisplatin, fluorouracil, and interferon alfa together with radiation therapy works in treating patients who have undergone surgery for stage I, stage II, or stage III pancreatic cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pancreatic Cancer Biological: Recombinant Interferon Alfa Drug: Cisplatin Drug: Fluorouracil Radiation: Radiation Therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:



  • Determine the overall survival of patients with previously resected pancreatic adenocarcinoma treated with postoperative cisplatin, interferon alfa, fluorouracil, and concurrent radiotherapy.
  • Determine the toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.


  • Determine the disease-specific, biochemical failure-free, and symptom/treatment-free survival of patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the quality of life of patients treated with this regimen.


  • Chemoradiotherapy: Patients receive fluorouracil intravenous (IV) continuously and interferon alfa subcutaneously (SQ) 3 times per week (total of 17 doses) on days 1-19 and 29-45 and cisplatin IV over 6 hours on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36 and 43. Patients also undergo concurrent radiotherapy once daily, 5 days a week in weeks 1-3 and 5-7 (28 fractions).
  • Post-chemoradiotherapy fluorouracil: Patients receive fluorouracil IV continuously on days 71-108 and 127-168.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 44 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 29 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Pancreaticoduodenectomy Plus Postoperative Cisplatin, Interferon Alfa-2b, and 5-FU Combined With Radiation Treatment for Patients With Resected Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
Study Start Date : May 2002
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Postoperative Chemoradiation Regimen
Postoperative Cisplatin 30 mg/m^2 intravenous (IV) weekly for 6 doses, Interferon Alfa-2b 3 million units subcutaneous (SQ) on Monday, Wednesday and Friday days 1-19 and 29-45 for 17 total doses, and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) 175 mg/m2/day by continuous intravenous infusion days 1-19 and 29-45 with concurrent Radiation Treatment.
Biological: Recombinant Interferon Alfa
3 million units subcutaneously every other day (Monday, Wednesday and Friday) during Days 1-19 and 29-45, for 6 1/2 weeks totaling 17 doses.
Other Names:
  • Interferon alfa-2b
  • IFN

Drug: Cisplatin
30 mg/m^2 IV over 60 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, 43 - weekly for total 6 doses, during 5 1/2 weeks radiation therapy.
Other Names:
  • Platinol-AQ
  • Platinol
  • CDDP

Drug: Fluorouracil
175 mg/m^2/day continuous infusion over 6 1/2 weeks for total 3 courses: Days 1-19 and 29-45, Days 71-108 and Days 127-168.
Other Names:
  • 5-fluorouracil
  • Adrucil
  • Efudex

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
External beam radiation on days 1-19 and days 29-45, 9 day treatment break on day 20.
Other Names:
  • RT
  • Radiatherapy

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Median Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Participants followed till disease progression or death (approximately 6 years) ]
    Overall Survival defined overall survival time, measured from date of tissue diagnosis till disease progression or death.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Biopsy proven completely resected (R0 or R1) pancreatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head or uncinate process [American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Stage I-III]. Surgery (pancreaticoduodenectomy) may be performed at M. D. Anderson Cancer Center or prior to referral to M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. Protocol treatment must begin within 12 weeks of surgery.
  2. Postoperative (pre-treatment) computed tomography (CT) scan without evidence of radiographically defineable residual primary/metastatic disease or clinically significant post-surgical changes.
  3. Staging studies completed within three weeks +/- 3 days of protocol registration.
  4. Hemoglobin (Hb) >9.0 g/%, White Blood Count (WBC) >3,000 cells/mm3 (Absolute neutrophil count (ANC)>1,500 cells/mm3), platelets >75,000 cells/mm3.
  5. Postoperative serum calcium (CA) 19-9 < 100.
  6. Performance status: Zubrod 0 or 1.
  7. Creatinine £1.5 mg/dL and calculated or measured creatinine clearance (CrCl) of 60 ml/min or greater by the following formula: Creatinine clearance rate (CrCl) = (140 - age) * Weight (kg) * 0.85 (female) OR * 1.00 (male) 72 * serum creatinine
  8. Patients should have bilateral renal function, as determined on excretory urogram (IVP) or abdominal CT, or ³ 2/3 of one functioning kidney must be able to be shielded from the radiation beam.
  9. No acute infections at the time of therapy initiation.
  10. Women of childbearing potential must agree to practice adequate contraception and to refrain from breast feeding, as specified in the informed consent.
  11. Patients must sign a study-specific consent form, which is attached to this protocol.
  12. Patients with a prior history of non-pancreatic malignancy who are free of disease from their primary cancer may be eligible at the discretion of the study chair.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Residual (clinical or CT definable) metastatic or incompletely resected local disease.
  2. Patients with positive peritoneal cytology (for adenocarcinoma) detected at laparotomy for pancreaticoduodenectomy or as part of prior laparoscopic assessment of peritoneal cytology.
  3. Patients with a history of hypersensitivity to interferon alfa-2b.
  4. Patients with significant cardiovascular disease, such as unstable angina or congestive heart failure.
  5. Pregnancy or breastfeeding.
  6. Patients with severe pulmonary disease.
  7. Children under the age of 18 are excluded (as the disease is rare and toxicity profile of this regimen untested in pediatric patients).
  8. Presence or history of severe depression.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00068575

United States, Texas
M. D. Anderson Cancer Center at University of Texas
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030-4009
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Peter W. Pisters, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00068575     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT01053351
Other Study ID Numbers: ID02-040
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
MDA-ID-02040 ( Other Identifier: UT MD Anderson Cancer Center )
CDR0000327752 ( Registry Identifier: NCI PDQ )
First Posted: September 11, 2003    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 14, 2012
Last Update Posted: February 15, 2012
Last Verified: February 2012

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
stage I pancreatic cancer
stage II pancreatic cancer
stage III pancreatic cancer
adenocarcinoma of the pancreas

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs