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Carboplatin and Etoposide With or Without Thalidomide in Treating Patients With Limited-Stage or Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University College, London Identifier:
First received: June 5, 2003
Last updated: March 15, 2012
Last verified: March 2012

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy such as carboplatin and etoposide use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Thalidomide may stop the growth of cancer by stopping blood flow to the tumor. It is not yet known if combination chemotherapy is more effective with or without thalidomide in treating small cell lung cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying carboplatin, etoposide, and thalidomide to see how well they work compared to carboplatin and etoposide in treating patients with limited- or extensive-stage small cell lung cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Lung Cancer
Drug: Carboplatin, etoposide & thalidomide
Drug: Carboplatin, etoposide & placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo Controlled Trial Of Carboplatin/Etoposide With Or Without Thalidomide In Small Cell Lung Cancer (Study 12)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University College, London:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Survival at 2 years after study randomization [ Time Frame: 0-2 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to disease progression 2 years after study randomization [ Time Frame: 0-2 years ]
  • Toxicity as measured by NCIC CTC 3 times weekly while undergoing chemotherapy, then monthly thereafter [ Time Frame: Till end of treatment ]
  • Response rates as measured by RECIST during each visit while undergoing chemotherapy and after completion of study treatment [ Time Frame: Till progression ]
  • Quality of life as measured by EORTC QLQ-30 and lung-specific questionnaire(LC14) at baseline, after each course, and after completion of study treatment, and at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after day 1 of course 1 [ Time Frame: 0-24 months ]
  • Biological markers (measurement of VEGF, bFGF, TNF alpha, and IL-6) [ Time Frame: Before treatment courses 1 and 4, and then at 9 and 18 months ]

Enrollment: 724
Study Start Date: April 2003
Study Completion Date: July 2007
Primary Completion Date: February 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Active arm (thalidomide)
Carboplatin IV on day 1 and etoposide IV on day 1 and 2 and, orally Day 3. Oral thalidomide daily beginning on day 1 for up to 24 months.
Drug: Carboplatin, etoposide & thalidomide
Carboplatin IV on day 1 and etoposide IV on day 1 and 2 and, orally Day 3. Oral thalidomide daily beginning on day 1 for up to 24 months.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo arm
Carboplatin IV on day 1 and etoposide IV on day 1 and 2 and, orally Day 3. Oral placebo daily beginning on day 1 for up to 24 months.
Drug: Carboplatin, etoposide & placebo
Carboplatin IV on day 1 and etoposide IV on day 1 and 2 and, orally Day 3. Oral placebo daily beginning on day 1 for up to 24 months.

Detailed Description:


  • Compare the survival of patients with limited or extensive stage small cell lung cancer treated with carboplatin and etoposide with vs without thalidomide.
  • Compare the time to disease progression in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the toxicity of these regimens in these patients.
  • Compare the response rates of patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease stage (limited vs extensive), ECOG performance status (0 and 1 vs 2), and alkaline phosphatase (no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal [ULN] vs greater than 1.5 times ULN). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1 and etoposide* IV over 1-2 hours on days 1 and 2 and orally on day 3. Patients also receive oral thalidomide daily beginning on day 1.
  • Arm II: Patients receive carboplatin and etoposide as in arm I and oral placebo daily beginning on day 1.

NOTE: *Patients who are unable to receive etoposide IV on day 2 may receive oral etoposide on days 2 and 3.

In both arms, chemotherapy (carboplatin and etoposide) repeats every 3 weeks for up to 6 courses. Patients receive thalidomide or placebo continuously for up to 2 years. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who experience disease progression may continue to receive thalidomide or placebo provided the patient is clinically and symptomatically stable.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline, during each course of chemotherapy, at 3-4 weeks after completion of chemotherapy, and at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months.

Patients are followed every 2 months for 2 years after the completion of chemotherapy and then every 3 months thereafter.

Peer Reviewed and Funded or Endorsed by Cancer Research UK

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 372 patients (186 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed small cell lung cancer

    • Limited or extensive stage disease
  • No symptomatic brain metastases requiring immediate radiotherapy



  • Over 18

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-3

Life expectancy

  • At least 8 weeks


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) clearance greater than 60 mL/min OR
  • Creatinine clearance greater than 50 mL/min


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use 2 effective methods of contraception (including 1 highly effective method and 1 barrier method) during and for 4 weeks after study completion
  • No other prior malignancy within the past 3 years except nonmelanoma skin cancer or early cervical cancer
  • No significant medical condition or laboratory finding that would preclude study participation


Biologic therapy

  • Not specified


  • No prior chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior radiotherapy


  • Not specified
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00061919

United Kingdom
University College of London Hospitals
London, England, United Kingdom, WIT 3AA
Sponsors and Collaborators
University College, London
Study Chair: Siow M. Lee, MD, PhD, FRCP University College London Hospitals
  More Information

Responsible Party: University College, London Identifier: NCT00061919     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000302440
LLCG-STUDY-12 ( Other Identifier: UCL CTC )
EU-20207 ( Other Identifier: UCL CTC )
ISRCTN16174527 ( Registry Identifier: ISRCTN )
Study First Received: June 5, 2003
Last Updated: March 15, 2012

Keywords provided by University College, London:
extensive stage small cell lung cancer
limited stage small cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Etoposide phosphate
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Leprostatic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors processed this record on April 26, 2017