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Liposomal Doxorubicin and Thermal Therapy in Treating Patients With Prostate Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: June 5, 2003
Last updated: May 29, 2013
Last verified: July 2005

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as liposomal doxorubicin, use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Microwave thermotherapy kills tumor cells by heating them to several degrees above body temperature. Combining liposomal doxorubicin with microwave thermotherapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of liposomal doxorubicin when given together with microwave thermotherapy in treating patients with prostate cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer Drug: pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride Procedure: hyperthermia treatment Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Dose Escalation, Pharmacokinetics, and Safety Study of Doxorubicin Encapsulated in Temperature Sensitive Liposomes Released Through Microwave Therapy in the Treatment of Prostate Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: March 2003
Study Completion Date: August 2005
Detailed Description:


  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose of doxorubicin HCl liposome released through thermal microwave therapy in patients with adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
  • Determine the pharmacokinetics and biodistribution profile of this drug in these patients.
  • Determine the safety profile and dose-limiting toxicity of this drug in these patients.
  • Determine the clinical response in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label, dose-escalation, multicenter study.

Patients receive doxorubicin HCl liposome IV over 30 minutes. Patients then undergo a 60-minute course of prostate thermotherapy. Treatment may repeat every 28-42 days for up to 6 courses, at the discretion of the physician.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of doxorubicin HCl liposome until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Patients are followed at 8, 15, 30, and 90 days.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 50 patients will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate
  • Rising prostate-specific antigen AND radiographic evidence of extraprostatic prostate cancer by bone scan, CT scan, prostascint scan, or MRI



  • 40 and over

Performance status

  • Karnofsky 80-100%

Life expectancy

  • Not specified


  • WBC greater than 4,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin greater than 10.0 g/dL


  • Bilirubin normal
  • AST normal
  • Alkaline phosphatase normal
  • No acute or chronic liver disease


  • Creatinine less than 1.5 times upper limit of normal


  • Ejection fraction at least 50% by MUGA
  • EKG normal
  • No myocardial infarction or cerebral vascular accident within the past 6 months
  • No life threatening cardiac arrhythmias
  • No congestive heart failure
  • No cardiac pacemaker
  • No peripheral arterial disease with intermittent claudication or Leriches syndrome (i.e., claudication of the buttocks or perineum)


  • Fertile patients must use effective barrier contraception during and for 3 months after study participation
  • No sperm donation during and for 3 months after study participation
  • Not febrile
  • No interest in future fertility or fathering children
  • No significantly decreased pain response
  • No severe urethral stricture
  • No protruding median lobe resulting in a "ball-valve" type of obstruction at the bladder neck
  • No major psychiatric illness that would prevent informed consent
  • No major psychiatric illness that required inpatient treatment within the past 3 months
  • No psychological, family, sociological, or geographic condition that would preclude study compliance
  • No allergy to eggs or egg products
  • No urinary or prostatic infection
  • No full urinary retention
  • No penile or urinary sphincter implant
  • No metallic implants in the pelvic or femoral area
  • No other serious medical illness that would preclude study participation


Biologic therapy

  • No concurrent live vaccines


  • No prior anthracycline
  • No concurrent streptozocin

Endocrine therapy

  • No concurrent hormonal therapy (except luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analog)
  • No concurrent glucocorticoids administered at more than physiologic replacement doses (other than as an antiemetic)


  • Not specified


  • More than 3 months since prior major surgery


  • No prior therapy that resulted in permanent reduction of pain response (e.g., prior surgery, regional or local anesthetic)
  • No concurrent PC-SPES
  • No concurrent cyclosporine, phenobarbital, or phenytoin
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00061867

United States, Louisiana
Regional Urology, L.L.C.
Shreveport, Louisiana, United States, 71106
United States, South Carolina
Grand Strand Urology LLP
Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, United States, 29572
Sponsors and Collaborators
Study Chair: Catherine Van Doren, RN Celsion
  More Information Identifier: NCT00061867     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CELSION-10302101
CDR0000301761 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
Study First Received: June 5, 2003
Last Updated: May 29, 2013

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
adenocarcinoma of the prostate
stage III prostate cancer
stage IV prostate cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Liposomal doxorubicin
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on August 16, 2017