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Adjuvant Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Resected Desmoplastic Melanoma

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology Identifier:
First received: May 6, 2003
Last updated: August 12, 2016
Last verified: August 2016
This phase II trial is studying how well adjuvant radiation therapy works in treating patients who have undergone surgery for desmoplastic melanoma. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Giving radiation therapy after surgery may kill any tumor cells remaining after surgery.

Condition Intervention Phase
Recurrent Melanoma
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial Evaluating Resection Followed By Adjuvant Radiation Therapy (RT) For Patients With Desmoplastic Melanoma

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of local recurrence [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of regional and systemic metastases [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
  • Survival time [ Time Frame: up to 5 years ]
  • Failure time [ Time Frame: up to 5 years ]
  • Incidence of adverse events assessed using National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC) version 2.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
  • Change in fatigue as assessed by the Brief Fatigue Inventory [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 3 months ]

Estimated Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: July 2003
Primary Completion Date: June 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (adjuvant radiation therapy)
Within 8 weeks after surgical resection, patients undergo radiation therapy twice weekly over approximately 2.5 weeks for a total of 5 fractions in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Radiation: radiation therapy

Detailed Description:


I. Assess the recurrence rates in patients with desmoplastic melanoma (DM) >= 1 mm deep treated with adjuvant radiotherapy after surgical resection.

II. Assess recurrence rates in patients with locally recurrent DM treated with adjuvant radiotherapy after surgical resection.


I. Evaluate the impact of adjuvant radiation therapy after surgical resection on disease free and overall survival.

II. Evaluate the immediate and long-term morbidity of the addition of radiotherapy to surgery.


Within 8 weeks after surgical resection, patients undergo radiation therapy twice weekly over approximately 2.5 weeks for a total of 5 fractions in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1, or 2
  • Pathologically proven DM >= 1 mm in depth or locally recurrent DM; recurrent tumor is defined as a tumor found =< 2 cm from the previous excision or within the surgical bed (which includes the extent of previous skin flaps)
  • DM resected with pathologically negative margins; acceptable surgery includes standard wide local excision and Moh's surgery

    • Tumors on the trunk proximal extremities need to have a >= 2 cm negative margin; tumors located on the head and neck and distal extremities will have an attempt at 2 cm negative margins but due to location and subsequent concern regarding cosmesis a margin < 2 cm will be acceptable if margin is negative
    • Margins from tumors resected using the Moh's technique will be accepted if negative and best approximation of tumor width will be made
  • Radiation therapy (RT) is to begin =< 8 weeks after definitive surgical resection
  • Adjuvant systemic therapy (immunotherapy or chemotherapy) must be postponed until irradiation is completed

Exclusion Criteria

  • Previous irradiation to the same site
  • Non-healing surgical wound
  • Active infection at the surgical site
  • Evidence of metastatic disease; local nodal disease is still eligible for the trial
  • Life expectancy < 1 year
  • Melanoma with focally desmoplastic features, in which the desmoplastic melanoma is not the predominant histologic pattern of the tumor, will be excluded; non-desmoplastic neurotropic melanoma and non-desmoplastic spindle cell melanoma are also excluded
  • Previous malignancy < 5 years excluding basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or cervical carcinoma in situ (with the exception of patients who have stage I breast cancer who were adequately treated with adjuvant therapy and are currently disease free, and patients with stage I or II prostate cancer treated with prostatectomy or radiotherapy and are biochemically free of disease [for radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) prostate-specific antigen (PSA) < 0.3 and for radiotherapy PSA < 2.0 above the post treatment nadir])
  • Any of the following:

    • Pregnant women
    • Women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception (condoms, diaphragm, birth control pills, injections, intrauterine device [IUD], surgical sterilization, abstinence, etc.)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00060333

  Show 39 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Barbara A. Pockaj, MD Mayo Clinic Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology Identifier: NCT00060333     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCCTG-N0275  NCI-2009-00641  CDR0000301633 
Study First Received: May 6, 2003
Last Updated: August 12, 2016

Keywords provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:
recurrent melanoma
stage I melanoma
stage II melanoma
stage III melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas processed this record on February 24, 2017