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Comparing the Safety, Effectiveness, and Tolerability of Three Anti-HIV Drug Regimens for Treatment-Naive Patients

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier:
First received: December 30, 2002
Last updated: May 17, 2012
Last verified: May 2012
With new strategies and drugs available, many different regimens exist for the treatment of HIV. The purpose of this study is to compare three different anti-HIV drug regimens as first-time treatments for HIV infection.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Lopinavir/ritonavir
Drug: Efavirenz
Drug: Stavudine
Drug: Zidovudine
Drug: Lamivudine
Drug: Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III, Randomized, Open-Label Comparison of Lopinavir/Ritonavir Plus Efavirenz Versus Lopinavir/Ritonavir Plus 2 NRTIs Versus Efavirenz Plus 2 NRTIs as Initial Therapy for HIV-1 Infection

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Time from study entry to virologic failure
  • time from study entry to regimen completion

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • 20 % or more loss in peripheral fat
  • increase in lactic acid levels at least 2-4old above the upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • 20 % or more increase in truncal fat accumulation
  • fasting cholesterol level equal to or greater than 240 mg/dl
  • Grade 3 or greater elevation in fasting triglyceride levels
  • change from baseline in insulin resistance [ Time Frame: at Weeks 24, 48 and 96 ]
  • change from baseline of whole-body bone density and whole-body bone mineral content [ Time Frame: at Weeks 48 and 96 ]
  • time to confirmed virologic failure while on Steps I (initial randomized regimen) or II (within class substitutes for initial regimen toxicity) OR treatment-limiting toxicity on Steps I or II
  • number of antiretroviral classes with resistance mutations at virologic failure
  • number of missed medication doses [ Time Frame: 4 days prior ]
  • change from baseline in self-reported symptoms OR occurrence of reporting an increase in symptoms [ Time Frame: at Weeks 4, 48, 72 and 96 ]
  • change from baseline in body image OR occurrence of reporting body image distress [ Time Frame: at Weeks 24, 48, 72 and 96 ]
  • time until treatment-limiting toxicity OR occurrence of Grades 3 or 4 toxicity

Estimated Enrollment: 775
Study Completion Date: March 2006
Detailed Description:

Numerous treatment options are available to HIV infected patients who are antiretroviral (ARV) therapy naive, but an optimal regimen has not yet been established. This study will compare a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-based regimen, a ritonavir (RTV)-enhanced protease inhibitor (PI)-based regimen, and a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI)-sparing regimen for the initial treatment of HIV infection.

Patients will be randomly assigned to one of three study arms. In Arm A, patients will receive lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) twice daily and efavirenz (EFV) once daily before bed. Arm B patients will receive LPV/r twice daily, lamivudine (3TC) once daily, plus either stavudine extended release (d4T XR) once daily, zidovudine (ZDV) twice daily, or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) once daily. Patients in Arm C will receive EFV once daily before bed and 3TC plus either d4T XR once daily before bed, ZDV twice daily, or TDF once daily before bed.

Study visits will occur every 4 weeks until Week 24, then every 8 weeks thereafter for a maximum of 96 weeks. Blood will be drawn at every visit and a urine sample will be collected every 8 weeks. Body measurements will be taken at Weeks 24, 48, 72, and 96. Whole body dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scans will be done at Weeks 48 and 96. Patients must fast before study visits at Weeks 12, 24, 48, 72, and 96. Women in the study will have gynecological assessments every 24 weeks.


Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria for Step 1:

  • HIV infected
  • HIV viral load of 2000 copies/ml or greater within 60 days prior to study entry
  • Willing to use acceptable means of contraception
  • d4T XR, TDF, or ZDV chosen as part of an initial regimen prior to randomization to a study arm
  • Coenrolled in ACTG A5152s

Exclusion Criteria for Step 1:

  • On ARV therapy for 7 days or more any time prior to study entry
  • NNRTIs or 3TC at any time prior to study entry
  • Current peripheral neuropathy of Grade 2 or higher
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • Immunomodulators, vaccines, or investigational therapies within 30 days of study entry. Patients taking a stable or tapering dose of prednisone at less than 10 mg are not excluded.
  • Human growth hormone within 30 days prior to study entry
  • Initiation of testosterone or anabolic steroids within 30 days prior to study entry
  • Certain other medications within 30 days of study entry
  • Hypersensitivity to components of the study drug formulations
  • Drug or alcohol use or dependence that would interfere with adherence to study requirements
  • Acute therapy for serious medical illnesses requiring systemic treatment and/or hospitalization within 14 days prior to study entry
  • Recent infection with drug-resistant HIV
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00050895

  Show 60 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Study Chair: Sharon Riddler, MD University of Pittsburgh
Study Chair: Richard Haubrich, MD University of California, San Diego, Division of Infectious Diseases
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT00050895     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A5142
10085 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES )
ACTG A5142
Study First Received: December 30, 2002
Last Updated: May 17, 2012

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Drug Therapy, Combination
Delayed Action Preparations
Treatment Naive

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Antimetabolites processed this record on April 21, 2017