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Imatinib Mesylate in Treating Patients With Myelofibrosis

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: June 6, 2002
Last updated: February 24, 2014
Last verified: December 2012
Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of imatinib mesylate in treating patients who have myelofibrosis. Imatinib mesylate may stop the growth of myelofibrosis by blocking certain enzymes necessary for cell growth.

Condition Intervention Phase
Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia
Essential Thrombocythemia
Polycythemia Vera
Primary Myelofibrosis
Drug: imatinib mesylate
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study Of Gleevec (Imatinib Mesylate Formerly Known as STI-571) In Patients With Myelofibrosis

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical responses in terms of improvement in anemia and splenomegaly as previously published for myelofibrosis [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
  • Frequency of adverse events graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria (NCI CTC) v2.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Exact 95% confidence intervals generated using the binomial distribution.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  • Bone marrow response [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]

Enrollment: 18
Study Start Date: April 2002
Primary Completion Date: August 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (imatinib mesylate)
Patients receive oral imatinib mesylate once or twice daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days for 12 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: imatinib mesylate
Given orally
Other Names:
  • CGP 57148
  • Gleevec
  • Glivec
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the response rate (complete and partial) to STI-571 in patients with myelofibrosis.

II. To determine the safety of STI-571 in patients with myelofibrosis.


I. To determine the effects of STI-571 on bone marrow morphology (including effects on marrow fibrosis, osteosclerosis and cellularity) in patients with myelofibrosis.

II. To assess the effects of STI-571 on surrogate biologic endpoints including PDGFR expression (by immunohistochemistry), PDGFR signaling, and circulating progenitor (CD34 positive) cells.

III. To determine the effects of STI-571 on bone marrow cytogenetics in patients with an abnormal karyotype.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to Dupriez risk score (low vs intermediate vs high).

Patients receive oral imatinib mesylate once or twice daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days for 12 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologic confirmation of one of the following diseases-

    • Myeloid metaplasia with myelofibrosis (this includes all subtypes- chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis or agnogenic myeloid metaplasia, post thrombocythemic and post polycythemic myelofibrosis) or
    • Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMMOL) with t(5;12)(q31-33;p12) or TEL-PDGFRβ rearrangement; patients with CMMOL and the t(5;7)(q31-33;q11.2) or other chromosomal translocations resulting in activation of PDGFR will also be eligible
    • Patients must have anemia (hemoglobin < 11 g/dL) or palpable splenomegaly (measured in cm from costal margin- to eligible); patients with palpable splenomegaly must have spleen size documented ultrasonographically as well; they must also meet standard diagnostic criteria for MMM* or CMMOL; patients with MMM must have thrombocytopenia (platelet count < 100 x 10^9/L) to be eligible; they must be Philadelphia chromosome or (BCR/ABL) rearrangement negative
    • Patients with CMMOL must also have the t(5;12)(q31-33;p12) or TEL-PDGFRβ rearrangement to be eligible
  • The Italian diagnostic criteria for MMM

    • Necessary criteria

      • Diffuse bone marrow fibrosis
      • Absence of the Philadelphia chromosome or BCR-ABL rearrangement in peripheral blood cells
    • Optional criteria

      • Splenomegaly of any grade
      • Anisopoikilocytosis with tear drop erythrocytes
      • Presence of circulating immature myeloid cells
      • Presence of circulating erythroblasts
      • Presence of clusters of megakaryoblasts and anomalous megakaryocytes in bone marrow sections
      • Myeloid metaplasia
    • Diagnosis of MMM is acceptable if the following combinations are present

      • The two necessary criteria plus any other two optional criteria when splenomegaly is present OR
      • The two necessary criteria plus any other four optional criteria when splenomegaly is absent
  • Patients may have had prior chemotherapy or radiation therapy including splenic irradiation; prior therapy with erythropoietin, GCSF or androgenic steroids is also permitted; there is no limit to number of prior regimens received; at least 4 weeks must have elapsed since prior chemo, radiation or other therapy
  • ECOG performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
  • Total bilirubin < 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) <2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal unless due to disease
  • Serum creatinine < 2 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Patients must not be pregnant or nursing because STI-571 at the recommended therapeutic dose may be harmful to the developing fetus or newborn; for this reason women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use an effective contraceptive method; women of reproductive potential must have a negative pregnancy test within 7 days prior to registration; since interactions with oral contraceptives cannot be excluded at present, male and female patients of reproductive potential must agree to employ an effective barrier method of birth control throughout the study and for up to 3 months following discontinuation of study drug
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria for CMMOL:

    • Persistent peripheral blood monocytosis > 1 x 10^9/L
    • Absence of the Philadelphia chromosome or BCR/ABL fusion gene
    • Fewer than 20% blasts in the blood or bone marrow
    • Dysplasia in one or more myeloid lineages; if myelodysplasia is absent or minimal, the diagnosis of CMML may still be made if the other criteria (1-3) are met and:

      • An acquired clonal cytogenetic abnormality is present in the marrow cells
      • The monocytosis has been persistent for at least 3 months
      • Other causes for monocytosis have been excluded

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to STI-571
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because STI-571 is an agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with STI-571, STI-571 should not be administered patients who are breastfeeding
  • HIV-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from the study because of possible pharmacokinetic interactions with STI-571; appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy when indicated
  • Because warfarin is metabolized through the CYP450 system, and since gastrointestinal bleeding may occur with STI-571, no therapeutic anticoagulation with warfarin will be permitted in patients participating in this study; as an alternative, therapeutic anticoagulation may be accomplished using low-molecular weight heparin (e.g. Lovenox) or heparin
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00039416

United States, Illinois
University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Olatoyosi Odenike University of Chicago
  More Information

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00039416     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02895
NCI-2012-02895 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
11498A ( Other Identifier: University of Chicago )
5669 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
N01CM62201 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
P30CA014599 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: June 6, 2002
Last Updated: February 24, 2014

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Primary Myelofibrosis
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Thrombocythemia, Essential
Polycythemia Vera
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Leukemia, Myeloid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Blood Coagulation Disorders
Blood Platelet Disorders
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Imatinib Mesylate
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on April 27, 2017