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Investigation of Subatmospheric Pressure Dressing on Pressure Ulcer Healing

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00011531
First Posted: February 26, 2001
Last Update Posted: February 9, 2009
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
VA Office of Research and Development
  Purpose

Many spinal cord injury (SCI) and otherwise debilitated patients develop pressure ulcers over the course of their injury or disease. Despite enhanced wound care management, many pressure ulcers do not heal completely and require surgical myocutaneous rotational flap coverage. Even then they often recur.

The objectives of this study are: (1) to conduct a controlled comparative study of the effectiveness of subatmospheric pressure dressing (SPD) in healing pressure ulcers versus conventional saline wet-to-moist dressing techniques; (2) to establish indications and contra-indications for use of SPD In treating pressure ulcers; and (3) to develop a noninvasive, clinically usable optical digitizer and associated software for measurement of wound geometry for standardized quantitative assessment and longitudinal monitoring of wound healing.


Condition Intervention Phase
Diabetic Foot Ulcers Procedure: Prevention of Pressure Ulcers Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Investigation of Subatmospheric Pressure Dressing on Pressure Ulcer Healing

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by VA Office of Research and Development:

Estimated Enrollment: 120
Study Start Date: January 2000
Study Completion Date: December 2001
Arms Assigned Interventions
1 Procedure: Prevention of Pressure Ulcers

Detailed Description:

Many spinal cord injury (SCI) and otherwise debilitated patients develop pressure ulcers over the course of their injury or disease. Despite enhanced wound care management, many pressure ulcers do not heal completely and require surgical myocutaneous rotational flap coverage. Even then they often recur.

HYPOTHESIS: Subatmospheric pressure dressing (SPD) treatment applied to pressure ulcers will either completely close them, or heal to a point allowing for skin graft coverage, more often than 0.9% normal saline wet-to-moist dressing (WTMD) treatment.

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are: (1) to conduct a controlled comparative study of the effectiveness of subatmospheric pressure dressing (SPD) in healing pressure ulcers versus conventional saline wet-to-moist dressing techniques; (2) to establish indications and contra-indications for use of SPD In treating pressure ulcers; and (3) to develop a noninvasive, clinically usable optical digitizer and associated software for measurement of wound geometry for standardized quantitative assessment and longitudinal monitoring of wound healing.

RESEARCH METHODS: 120 patients with stage III or IV pressure ulcers meeting the project selection criteria will be recruited for the project. Patients will be randomly assigned in a 3:1 (SPD to WTMD) ratio to either the control group receiving 0.9% normal saline wet-to-moist wound dressing and treatment, or to the subatmospheric pressure dressing group. All subjects selected will be further stratified according to degree of wound severity, nutritional status, and evidence of wound infection. The WTMD group will receive 0.9% NS moistened gauze applied to the wound, which will be changed every 8 hours. The SPD group will receive SPD dressing with the VACTM system set at a constant subatmospheric pressure of negative 125 mmHg. The SPD device and dressing will be left in place and changed every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. The subjects' pressure ulcers will be measured on day 0 and then on a weekly basis. Ulcer surface shape, area, and coloration will be recorded with a digital camera and also by tracing the ulcer perimeter on a flexible translucent plastic film with grid overlaid on the wound. In addition, an optical laser scanner will used to record ulcer shape, area, and coloration, and body/limb segmental volume in the region of the wound. Volume will also be measured using alginate wound impressions to form RTV silicone molds for fluid displacement measurement. The molds of the wounds will also be optically digitized and wound perimeter, topical surface area, total 3-D surface area, and volume calculated using computer image processing, planimetry, and volumetry software developed in the project. Local body/limb segment volume will also be calculated to monitor edematous fluctuations. Based on these measurements, the wound responses will be scored as described in Table 2 after one month or at the time of the patient's withdrawal from the study. The association between response level and treatment type will be analyzed using Chi-square test of association. Mantel-Haenszel Chi-square and logistic regression will be used to control for prognostic variables.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Wounds and ulcers

Exclusion Criteria:

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00011531


Locations
United States, New York
New York Harbor HCS
New York, New York, United States, 10010
Sponsors and Collaborators
VA Office of Research and Development
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Michael Longaker, MD New York Harbor HCS
  More Information

Responsible Party: Longaker, Michael - Principal Investigator, Department of Veterans Affairs
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00011531     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: B2108R
First Submitted: February 22, 2001
First Posted: February 26, 2001
Last Update Posted: February 9, 2009
Last Verified: January 2001

Keywords provided by VA Office of Research and Development:
Decubitus Ulcers
dehiscence
SCI
wound healing

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ulcer
Diabetic Foot
Foot Ulcer
Pressure Ulcer
Pathologic Processes
Diabetic Angiopathies
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Leg Ulcer
Skin Ulcer
Skin Diseases
Diabetes Complications
Diabetes Mellitus
Endocrine System Diseases
Diabetic Neuropathies
Foot Diseases