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Comparison of Two Different Doses of STI571 in Treating Patients With Metastatic or Unresectable Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00009906
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : February 3, 2004
Last Update Posted : December 23, 2014
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
SWOG Cancer Research Network
NCIC Clinical Trials Group
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of two different doses of STI571 in treating patients who have metastatic or unresectable gastrointestinal stromal tumor. STI571 may interfere with the growth of tumor cells and may be an effective treatment for cancer. It is not yet known which dose of STI571 is more effective in treating gastrointestinal stromal tumors.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Drug: Imatinib Mesylate Phase 3

Detailed Description:


I. Compare the overall and progression-free survival of patients with CD117-expressing metastatic or unresectable gastrointestinal stromal tumor treated with two different doses of imatinib mesylate.

II. Compare the confirmed, unconfirmed, complete, and partial response rates in patients treated with these regimens.

III. Compare the toxic effects of these regimens in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.

Arm I: Patients receive oral imatinib mesylate once daily.

Arm II: Patients receive oral imatinib mesylate twice daily.

Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients in arm I with progressive disease may cross over to arm II and receive treatment in the absence of further disease progression.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 600 patients will be accrued for this study within 24 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 748 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III Randomized, Intergroup Trial Assessing the Clinical Activity Of STI-571 at Two Dose Levels in Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST) Expressing the Kit Receptor Tyrosine Kinase (CD117)
Study Start Date : December 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2014

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (imatinib mesylate)
Patients receive oral imatinib mesylate once daily.
Drug: Imatinib Mesylate
Given orally

Experimental: Arm II (imatinib mesylate)
Patients receive oral imatinib mesylate twice daily.
Drug: Imatinib Mesylate
Given orally

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
  2. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: From date of registration to date of first observation of progressive disease or death due to any cause, assessed up to 3 years ]
  3. Toxicity defined as any grade 3 or greater organ toxicity, or any grade 4 or greater hematological toxicity as assessed by CTCAE version 2.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 3 year after completion of treatment ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   15 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient must have a biopsy proven diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) which is distantly metastatic or unresectable; tumors must meet BOTH of the following criteria:

    • The primary must be of visceral or intra-abdominal origin
    • All patients must have immunohistochemical documentation of KIT (CD117) expression by tumor documented by DAKO antibody staining for suggested methodology) Material must be submitted to the CALGB Pathology Coordinating Center for pathology review; it is strongly recommended that snap-frozen tissue biopsy and sera be stored for future submission whenever possible
  • Patient must have measurable or non-measurable disease by conventional scan imaging (CT or MRI) or physical examination; tests used to assess disease must have been performed within 28 days prior to registration; if a target lesion has been previously embolized or irradiated, there must be objective evidence of progression to be considered for response assessment
  • Patient must have an identified team (including a medical oncologist and a surgeon) to provide care
  • Patient must not have known brain metastasis
  • Patient must have a Zubrod performance status of 0 - 3
  • Patient must have resolution of transient toxicities from any prior therapy to =< grade 1 (NCI-CTC version 2.0)
  • The patient must not have received chemotherapy, biologic therapy or any other investigational drug for any reason within 28 days prior to registration; patients must not have had a major surgery within 14 days prior to registration
  • If day 14 or 28 falls on a weekend or holiday, the limit may be extended to the next working day

    • In calculating days of tests and measurements, the day a test or measurement is done is considered day 0; therefore, if a test is done on a Monday, the Monday two weeks later would be considered day 14; this allows for efficient patient scheduling without exceeding the guidelines
  • No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for 5 years
  • All patients must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give written informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines
  • At the time of patient registration, the treating institution's name and ID number must be provided to the Data Operations Center in Seattle in order to ensure that the current (within 365 days) date of institutional review board approval for this study has been entered into the data base
  • Patients on lower dose arm (Arm 1) will be allowed to increase the daily dose of STI-571 in the case of disease progression; if there is questionable disease progression, the treating investigator should contact the primary Study Coordinator, Dr. George Demetri at 617/632-3985 to review progression information and discuss treatment options

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00009906

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Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
SWOG Cancer Research Network
NCIC Clinical Trials Group
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Principal Investigator: George Demetri SWOG Cancer Research Network
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00009906    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02372
NCI-2012-02372 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
S0033 ( Other Identifier: SWOG )
S0033 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180888 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10CA032102 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
N01CM17003 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: February 3, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 23, 2014
Last Verified: June 2014
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Imatinib Mesylate
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action