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Comparing Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) and Liver Biopsy to Evaluate the Liver in Patients With HIV and Hepatitis C Virus

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier:
First received: December 6, 2000
Last updated: July 29, 2008
Last verified: June 2003

The purpose of this study is to find if the Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) scan is as effective as a liver biopsy (using a special needle to remove tissue from the liver) in examining liver damage in patients with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV).

A standard way to examine the liver for disease has been to perform a liver biopsy. The SPECT scan, which takes a picture of the liver, has been found to be effective in determining liver damage but studies need to be done in patients with hepatitis. This study will compare the effectiveness of the liver biopsy and SPECT scan in determining liver disease in patients with HIV and HCV. The SPECT scan might be a good replacement for the liver biopsy if it is found to be as good as or better than liver biopsies.

HIV Infections
Hepatitis C

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Use of Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) as a Noninvasive Alternative to Liver Biopsies in Assessing Liver Involvement in Subjects Coinfected With HIV and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 44
Detailed Description:

Assessment with a liver biopsy is currently the standard of practice to determine the status of liver involvement in patients with HCV. A direct comparison between SPECT results and liver pathology has been examined in patients with liver disease other than infectious hepatitis. SPECT has been found to be more accurate than standard liver-spleen scans in assessing liver pathology. While current data suggest that liver pathology may correlate with SPECT, which specific SPECT parameters are predictive of certain hepatic pathology is unknown. The pilot study will compare SPECT parameters with the results of liver biopsies to determine the limitations of SPECT.

All screened patients are registered into Step 1, in which they receive a radioactive tracer injection and SPECT scan. Specific SPECT parameters will be measured to determine a grading scale corresponding to that used in liver biopsy results. Some patients undergoing a second liver biopsy in A5071 are enrolled into Step 2, with permission from protocol co-chairs, in which a pregnancy test and second SPECT scan are performed. Patients are reimbursed for completing each SPECT scan. SPECT scans or copies are reviewed to establish which parameters correspond to category E of the Knodell stage based on severity of fibrosis.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Patients may be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are enrolled in, or will soon enroll in, A5071. Patients may be eligible for the study if they are screening for A5071 and have a liver biopsy and SPECT scan but do not enter A5071. Patients who have stopped taking A5071 study drugs may also be eligible.
  • Have had a liver biopsy, or will soon have a liver biopsy.
  • Have a SPECT scan either before the liver biopsy or 2 weeks to 8 weeks after a liver biopsy.
  • Intend to have the SPECT scan within 7 days of study entry.

Exclusion Criteria

Patients will not be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are allergic to chemicals in the radioactive tracer used for the SPECT scan.
  • Are pregnant or breast-feeding.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00006643

United States, California
Stanford Univ Med Ctr
Stanford, California, United States, 943055107
United States, Florida
Univ of Miami School of Medicine
Miami, Florida, United States, 331361013
United States, Hawaii
Univ of Hawaii
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States, 96816
United States, New York
Bellevue Hosp / New York Univ Med Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Community Health Network Inc
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
Univ of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, North Carolina
Univ of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 275997215
United States, Ohio
Univ of Cincinnati
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 452670405
United States, Pennsylvania
Univ of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
United States, Texas
Univ of Texas, Southwestern Med Ctr of Dallas
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390
United States, Washington
Univ of Washington
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98104
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Study Chair: Bruce Shiramizu
Study Chair: Dickens Theodore
  More Information Identifier: NCT00006643     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG A5096
Study First Received: December 6, 2000
Last Updated: July 29, 2008

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Hepatitis C
Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
HIV Infections
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases processed this record on May 22, 2017