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Comparison of Two Combination Chemotherapy Regimens in Treating Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00006004
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted : August 20, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known which combination chemotherapy regimen is more effective for treating non-small cell lung cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of two combination chemotherapy regimens in treating patients who have non-small cell lung cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Drug: carboplatin Drug: cisplatin Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Drug: paclitaxel Phase 2

Detailed Description:


  • Compare overall survival, response rate, and time to progression of patients with non-small cell lung cancer treated with paclitaxel and carboplatin versus gemcitabine and cisplatin.
  • Compare the toxicities of each of these 2 regimens in this patient population.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to weight loss in the past 6 months (less than 5% vs at least 5%) and disease stage (stage IIIB with pleural or pericardial effusion or pleural implants vs stage IV/recurrent). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours followed by carboplatin IV over 15-30 minutes on day 1.
  • Arm II: Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 followed by cisplatin IV over 1 hour on day 1 only.

Treatment continues in both arms every 21 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 40-90 patients (20-45 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 12 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Trial of Paclitaxel-Carboplatin or Gemicitabine-Cisplatin in ECOG Performance Status 2 Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients
Study Start Date : May 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed non-small cell lung carcinoma of any of the following subtypes:

    • Squamous cell
    • Adenocarcinoma
    • Large cell anaplastic
    • Bronchioalveolar
    • Non-small cell carcinoma not otherwise specified
  • No small cell anaplastic elements allowed
  • Must have:

    • Recurrent disease after prior radiotherapy or surgery OR
    • Stage IV disease with distant metastases OR
    • Stage IIIB disease presenting with pleural or pericardial effusion on CT or chest x-ray or pleural implants documented pathologically or on CT or chest x-ray
  • Bidimensionally measurable or evaluable disease
  • Brain metastases allowed provided clinically stable after treatment with surgery and/or radiotherapy



  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • ECOG 2

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3


  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL
  • SGOT no greater than 5 times upper limit of normal


  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL OR
  • Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min


  • No uncontrolled high blood pressure, unstable angina, or congestive heart failure
  • No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
  • No serious ventricular arrhythmias requiring medication


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No other active malignancies requiring ongoing treatment
  • No uncontrolled serious active infections
  • No suspected hypersensitivity to agents that utilize Cremophor
  • No evidence of neuropathy grade 2 or greater by history or physical examination


Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified


  • No prior chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior radiotherapy to only site of measurable or evaluable disease unless subsequent progression documented by physical exam, radiograph, or pathology
  • Recovered from prior radiotherapy
  • No concurrent radiotherapy except for whole brain radiation for developing brain metastases


  • See Disease Characteristics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00006004

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United States, Georgia
Emory University Hospital - Atlanta
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Iowa
Iowa Methodist Medical Center
Des Moines, Iowa, United States, 50309
Mercy Medical Center
Des Moines, Iowa, United States, 50314
Iowa Lutheran Hospital
Des Moines, Iowa, United States, 50316-2301
United States, Nebraska
Alegent Health-Midlands Community Hospital
Papillion, Nebraska, United States, 68128-4157
United States, New Jersey
CCOP - Northern New Jersey
Hackensack, New Jersey, United States, 07601
Cancer Institute of New Jersey
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08903
United States, New Mexico
MBCCOP - University of New Mexico HSC
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 87131
United States, New York
James P. Wilmot Cancer Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, Oklahoma
CCOP - Oklahoma
Tulsa, Oklahoma, United States, 74136
United States, Pennsylvania
Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 17033-0850
United States, Texas
CCOP - Scott and White Hospital
Temple, Texas, United States, 76508
United States, Wisconsin
CCOP - St. Vincent Hospital Cancer Center, Green Bay
Green Bay, Wisconsin, United States, 54307-3453
Australia, New South Wales
Westmead Hospital
Westmead, New South Wales, Australia, 2145
Instituto de Enfermedades Neoplasicas
Lima, Peru, 34
Puerto Rico
San Juan City Hospital
San Juan, Puerto Rico, 00936-7344
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Corey J. Langer, MD Fox Chase Cancer Center
Publications of Results:
Tester WJ, Stephenson P, Langer CJ, et al.: ECOG 1599: randomized phase II study of paclitaxel/carboplatin or gemcitabine/cisplatin in performance status (PS) 2 patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 22 (Suppl 14): A-7055, 630s, 2004.
Langer CJ, Stephenson P, Schiller J, et al.: ECOG 1599: randomized phase II study of paclitaxel/carboplatin vs cisplatin/gemcitabine in performance status (PS) 2 patients with treatment-naive advanced NSCLC. [Abstract] Lung Cancer 41 (Suppl 2): A-O52, S18, 2003.

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00006004    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000068012
First Posted: January 27, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 20, 2013
Last Verified: August 2013
Keywords provided by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group:
recurrent non-small cell lung cancer
squamous cell lung cancer
large cell lung cancer
stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer
stage IV non-small cell lung cancer
adenocarcinoma of the lung
adenosquamous cell lung cancer
bronchoalveolar cell lung cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic