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Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage III or Stage IV Kidney Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005816
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 23, 2004
Last Update Posted : March 20, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of vaccine therapy in treating patients who have stage III or stage IV kidney cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Kidney Cancer Biological: therapeutic autologous dendritic cells Procedure: conventional surgery Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of autologous dendritic cells transfected with autologous total tumor RNA in patients with stage III or IV renal cell carcinoma. II. Assess the toxicity and feasibility of this treatment regimen in these patients. III. Evaluate this regimen in terms of cellular immune response, clinical response, and overall survival in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study. Patients undergo nephrectomy for tumor RNA extraction followed by leukapheresis to collect peripheral blood mononuclear cells for dendritic cell (DC) production. Patients receive autologous DC transfected with autologous renal cell carcinoma RNA both IV and intradermally on weeks 0, 2, and 4. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of DC IV until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year and then every 6 months for 1 year.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 18 patients will be accrued for this study over 24 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 15 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Active Immunotherapy of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Using Autologous Dendritic Cells Transfected With Autologous Total Tumor RNA
Study Start Date : February 2000
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2002

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed stage III or IV renal cell carcinoma scheduled for resection of primary renal tumor No CNS metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-1 Life expectancy: At least 6 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 9 mg/dL (transfusion independent) Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 No history of bleeding disorder or other blood dyscrasias Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL PT less than 1.5 times control No serious hepatic disease Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.5 mg/dL Calcium less than 12 mg/dL No symptomatic hypercalcemia Cardiovascular: No serious cardiac disease (e.g., New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease) No deep vein thrombosis Pulmonary: No serious pulmonary disease (e.g., asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) No pulmonary embolism Other: No serious chronic or acute illness that would preclude study No autoimmune disease (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, scleroderma, or multiple sclerosis) No psychological impediment that would preclude study No prior malignancy within past 5 years except basal cell carcinoma, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, nonmelanomatous skin cancer, controlled superficial bladder cancer, or surgically or radiologically treated prostatic adenocarcinoma with no evidence of rising PSA for at least 12 months after treatment No active acute or chronic infection (e.g., symptomatic urinary tract infection, surgical site infection, or viral hepatitis) HIV negative Must have adequate peripheral vein access Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: At least 6 weeks since prior immunotherapy (e.g., interleukin-2, interferon alfa, or autolymphocyte therapy) No other concurrent immunotherapy Chemotherapy: At least 6 weeks since prior chemotherapy and recovered No concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: At least 6 weeks since prior steroid therapy and recovered No concurrent steroid therapy Radiotherapy: At least 6 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered No concurrent local or palliative radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics At least 6 weeks since other prior major surgery and recovered No prior radical nephrectomy Other: No concurrent immunosuppressive agents (e.g., azathioprine or cyclosporine)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005816

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United States, North Carolina
Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Johannes Vieweg, MD Duke Cancer Institute
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Duke University Identifier: NCT00005816    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1716
CDR0000067820 ( Other Identifier: NCI )
1R01CA089102-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 23, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 20, 2013
Last Verified: December 2008
Keywords provided by Duke University:
stage III renal cell cancer
stage IV renal cell cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Kidney Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Female Urogenital Diseases
Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications
Urogenital Diseases
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Male Urogenital Diseases
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type