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Development and Evaluation of Community Asthma Program

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005714
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: May 13, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  Purpose
To evaluate a community organization approach to promoting asthma management in four neighborhoods in St. Louis with predominantly low income, Black populations.

Condition
Asthma Lung Diseases

Study Type: Observational

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: August 1990
Study Completion Date: July 1996
Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

Asthma prevalence and mortality among Black children exceed levels among whites. Asthma management programs have reduced symptoms, attacks and emergency room usage. However, in 1990 a pattern of underutilization and neglect of care among Black Americans in cases of asthma deaths among Black children indicated the importance of promoting ongoing versus episodic care, reduced exposure to triggers, sensitivity to signs of attacks, attack management, and communication with caregivers, professionals, and teachers. Research in Black communities indicated the importance of informal networks and neighborhood influences, in promoting improved asthma care within low-income Black communities.

The study was part of a demonstration and education initiative "Interventions for Control of Asthma Among Black and Hispanic Children" which was released by the NHLBI in June 1989.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

Working with an established community agency, Grace Hill Neighborhood Services and its Community Wellness Board, the investigators established Neighborhood Steering Committees to oversee development and implementation of a Neighborhood Asthma Collaboration (NAC) in each neighborhood. The 36-month NAC included (a) promotional campaigns to increase awareness of asthma and its care; (b) Neighborhood Volunteers disseminating leaflets encouraging identification of and continuing care for asthma, and recruiting participants into NAC programs; (c) Neighborhood Volunteers trained as Asthma Advocates to work with asthmatic children and their care-givers to encourage asthma co-management and to conduct management programs in local institutions; (d) an Asthma Management Course offered through community health centers, churches, and other local institutions; and, (e) local school programs including in-service teacher education on asthma management, an asthma program for all students to enhance support for asthmatic children, and school implementation of the Asthma Management Course.

Prior to implementing the NAC, the investigators (a) reviewed, adopted, piloted and revised existing asthma management educational and promotional materials, (b) worked with asthma care providers to gain their involvement in program planning and patient referral to the NAC and (c) adapted procedures from other worksite/community health promotion programs for working with Neighborhood Steering Committees and training Neighborhood Volunteers. General evaluation included (a) surveys of community awareness of and attitudes toward asthma, (b) dissemination and implementation, and (c) pre-post changes in symptoms, attacks, ER visits, and hospitalizations among all child participants in the NAC. These measures as well as kept appointments and serum theophylline levels less than or equal to 5 mg/dl were used in two controlled studies within the NAC to compare (1) children from study neighborhoods with children from socioeconomically comparable neighborhoods, all of whom received care through Children's Hospital of Washington University, and (2) children receiving care through two Centers serving other, socieoeconomically similar neighborhoods.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
No eligibility criteria
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00005714


Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Investigators
OverallOfficial: Edwin Fisher Washington University School of Medicine