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Dietary Quality and Subsequent Cardiovascular Disease

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Identifier:
First received: May 25, 2000
Last updated: March 15, 2016
Last verified: April 2002
To examine dietary quality and subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases

Study Type: Observational

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: July 1992
Study Completion Date: December 1994
Detailed Description:


Although considerable evidence exists for associations between diet and subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD) among younger and middle-aged adults, no comprehensive studies of these relationships have been conducted using a national sample of older Americans. National guidelines have recommended reductions of dietary fat, saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium as dietary practice to reduce CVD. However, it is possible that the focus on eliminating dietary components may obscure the advantages of consuming diets that are nutritionally adequate.

Findings from this study could have important implications for setting research priorities to further study the effects of specific dietary variables on CVD, and for implementing national nutrition policies to assist Americans in selecting healthy diets.


Data from NHANES I and the three cycles of NHANES I Epidemiologic Followup Study (NHEFS) were used to 1) to examine the associations between several measures of dietary quality at baseline and subsequent 14-year morbidity and mortality from CVD for a national sample of 6109 United States adults aged 45 to 74 years at baseline; 2) to assess the relative importance of the associations of dietary quality and CVD for older adults compared to middle-aged adults. Dietary variables were based on responses to the 24-hour dietary recall and the food frequency questionnaire administered at baseline and included a composite measure of dietary quality, intakes of specific nutrients, and usual consumption of foods from 19 food groups. Baseline measures used as covariates included body mass index, blood pressure, serum cholesterol, sociodemographic variables (e.g., age, race, income, occupation), behavioral variables (e.g., smoking, alcohol consumption, activity level), and chronic health conditions. CVD outcomes were determined from medical history questionnaires, hospital records and death certificates. Change in blood pressure between baseline and 10-year followup were examined as an outcome variable as well as a covariate in the association between diet and CVD.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria
  Contacts and Locations
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No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information Identifier: NCT00005423     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4341
R03HL048530 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: May 25, 2000
Last Updated: March 15, 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases processed this record on September 25, 2017