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Effectiveness and Safety of Epivir/Ziagen/Zerit (3TC/ABC/d4T) Versus Epivir/Ziagen/Sustiva (3TC/ABC/EFV) Versus Epivir/Ziagen/Agenerase/Norvir (3TC/ABC/APV/RTV) in HIV Patients Who Have Never Received Treatment

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005017
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified June 2001 by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2005
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to see how effective and safe it is to give 1 of the 3 following treatments to patients who may not have received anti-HIV treatment: 1) lamivudine (3TC)/abacavir (ABC)/stavudine (d4T); 2) 3TC/ABC/efavirenz (EFV); or 3) 3TC/ABC/amprenavir (APV)/ritonavir (RTV).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections Drug: Ritonavir Drug: Abacavir sulfate Drug: Amprenavir Drug: Efavirenz Drug: Lamivudine Drug: Stavudine Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Patients are randomized to initiate antiretroviral therapy in 1 of 3 treatment groups. Within each group they are stratified based on HIV-1 plasma RNA levels.

Group 1: Patients receive 3TC/ABC/d4T; Group 2: Patients receive 3TC/ABC/EFV; and Group 3: Patients receive 3TC/ABC/APV/RTV.

Treatment continues for 96 weeks. Blood samples are collected to measure plasma HIV RNA and CD4 counts and patients are assessed regularly. In the event of incomplete viral suppression or virologic failure, patients will be switched to secondary therapy.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 300 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IV, Open-Label, Randomized Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of Epivir/Ziagen/Zerit (3TC/ABC/d4T) Versus Epivir/Ziagen/Sustiva (3TC/ABC/EFV) Versus Epivir/Ziagen/Agenerase/Norvir (3TC/ABC/APV/RTV) for 96 Weeks in the Treatment of HIV-1 Infected Subjects Who Are Antiretroviral Therapy Naive

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS
U.S. FDA Resources

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Patients may be eligible for this trial if they:

  • Are HIV-positive.
  • Are at least 18 years old.
  • Have a viral load of at least 5,000 copies/ml.
  • Have a CD4 count of at least 50 cells/mm3.
  • Agree to practice effective methods of birth control while on the study, if a woman.

Patients are not eligible for this trial if they:

Are pregnant or breast-feeding. Have ever taken anti-HIV drugs. (Less than 2 weeks of prior anti-HIV treatment is allowed.) Have a history of AIDS-defining opportunistic illness (except for Kaposi's sarcoma involving skin) within 45 days of the screening visit. Treatment for the illness must have been completed at least 30 days prior to screening.

Are enrolled in another study where the medication may interfere with the control of viral load in this study.

Have a serious medical condition such as diabetes or heart problems that would make it unsafe to be on this study.

Have a history of a severe nerve disease of the type that may cause muscle weakness.

Have had pancreatitis (inflamed pancreas) or hepatitis within 6 months of starting the study.

Have had radiation treatment or chemotherapy within 4 weeks prior to study entry, or think those treatments may be needed during the study period. Local treatment for Kaposi's sarcoma is allowed.

Have used certain medications, including vaccines, that interfere with the immune system within 4 weeks prior to study entry.

Have taken an HIV vaccine within 3 months prior to entry. Are taking St. John's wort. Have a history of being allergic to any of the study drugs.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005017

United States, North Carolina
Jaime Hernandez
Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States, 27709
Sponsors and Collaborators
Glaxo Wellcome Identifier: NCT00005017     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 264N
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 24, 2005
Last Verified: June 2001

Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
Drug Therapy, Combination
HIV Protease Inhibitors
VX 478
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Anti-HIV Agents

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B6 Inducers