Donor Lymphocytes to Prevent Graft-Versus-Host Disease in Patients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00004878
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (study never opened)
First Posted : April 28, 2004
Last Update Posted : July 31, 2012
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Peripheral stem cell transplantation may be able to replace immune cells that were destroyed by chemotherapy used to kill cancer cells. Sometimes the transplanted cells can be rejected by the body's normal tissues. Donor lymphocytes that have been treated in the laboratory may prevent this from happening.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to study the effectiveness of donor lymphocytes to prevent graft-versus-host disease in patients who are undergoing peripheral stem cell transplantation for chronic myeloid leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Graft Versus Host Disease Leukemia Biological: therapeutic allogeneic lymphocytes Drug: cytarabine Drug: fludarabine phosphate Drug: idarubicin Drug: methotrexate Drug: tacrolimus Procedure: in vitro-treated peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the incidence of acute graft versus host disease (GVHD) grades II-IV and extensive chronic GVHD in chronic myeloid leukemia patients treated with purged donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) processed with CD8 high density microparticles (HDM) vs unpurged DLI following nonmyeloablative, HLA identical sibling peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. II. Compare the rates of complete cytogenetic, clinical, and hematologic remission and mortality and GVHD in patients treated with these regimens. III. Determine the efficacy of CD8 HDM in depleting greater than 95% of CD8+ cells in donor lymphocytes. IV. Compare the safety and toxicity of these regimens in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double blind, multicenter study. Patients are stratified by age (under 60 vs 60 and over) and center. Allogeneic peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) are harvested and selected for CD34+ cells on days 5-8. Nonmyeloablative conditioning: Patients receive fludarabine IV over 30 minutes and cytarabine IV over 4 hours (beginning 4 hours after the start of fludarabine infusion) on days -6 to -3 and idarubicin IV over 1-5 minutes on days -6 to -4. Filgrastim (G-CSF) is administered subcutaneously daily beginning on day -2 and continues until blood counts recover. Graft versus host disease prevention: Beginning on day -2, patients receive tacrolimus IV continuously until oral dosing is tolerated. Patients receive tacrolimus in combination with methotrexate on days 1, 3, and 6 after completion of transplantation. Beginning 12 weeks after completion of transplantation, oral tacrolimus is tapered and stopped over 4 weeks. Transplantation: Allogeneic PBSC are infused on day 0. At 4 months posttransplantation, patients with residual Ph+ cells by cytogenetics or FISH OR hematologic or clinical evidence of chronic myeloid leukemia AND without symptomatic chronic graft versus host disease requiring immunosuppressive therapy are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms: Arm I: Lymphocytes harvested from the original PBSC donor are processed with the CD8 high density microparticle device to remove all or most CD8+ cells. Patients receive CD8+ cell depleted donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) IV over 15-30 minutes on the same day of collection. Arm II: Lymphocytes are harvested from the original PBSC donor. Patients receive undepleted DLI IV over 15-30 minutes on the same day of collection. Patients are followed at days 30, 60, 100, and 180, and then periodically through year 5.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 110 patients (55 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 1 year.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: A Study to Determine the Safety and Efficacy of Using CD8-High Density Microparticles (CD8-HDM) to Deplete CD8+ Cells From Donor Lymphocyte Infusion in Order to Reduce Graft-versus-Host Disease (GvHD) Without Compromising an Anti-Leukemia Effect in Patients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Given HLA-Identical Sibling Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplants After Non-Myeloablative Conditioning

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in first chronic phase or with cytogenetic but not hematologic evidence of acceleration (clonal evolution) Availability of 6 antigen (A, B, and DR loci) HLA identical sibling donor Eligible for randomization to donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) if: Residual Ph+ cells by cytogenetics or FISH or hematologic or clinical evidence of CML AND No graft versus host disease requiring immunosuppressive therapy within the past 2 weeks AND Evidence of donor hematopoiesis after completion of transplantation Ineligible for randomization to DLI if: Blast transformation of CML OR Prior interferon alfa for relapse after completion of transplantation

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 50 to 70 Performance status: Zubrod 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: See Disease Characteristics Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 3 mg/dL Renal: Creatinine less than 2 mg/dL Cardiovascular: Cardiac ejection fraction greater than 40% Pulmonary: DLCO greater than 45% predicted Other: No active infection Not pregnant Negative pregnancy test No hypersensitivity to nickel No hypersensitivity to mouse proteins Human antimouse antibody positivity allowed if no allergic history HIV negative HTLV antibody negative

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: See Disease Characteristics No concurrent hematopoietic growth factors other than filgrastim (G-CSF) No other biologic therapy (e.g., interferon alfa) for 6 months after completion of study therapy Chemotherapy: No other chemotherapy for 6 months after completion of study therapy Concurrent hydroxyurea allowed for CML relapse Endocrine therapy: Concurrent methylprednisolone allowed if grade II or worse GVHD develops Radiotherapy: No radiotherapy for 6 months after completion of study therapy Surgery: Not specified

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00004878

Sponsors and Collaborators
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Gary J. Schiller, MD Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Responsible Party: Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00004878     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067538
P30CA016042 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 28, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 31, 2012
Last Verified: July 2012

Keywords provided by Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center:
chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
accelerated phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myelogenous leukemia
graft versus host disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Graft vs Host Disease
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Immune System Diseases
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Fludarabine phosphate
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antirheumatic Agents