We updated the design of this site on December 18, 2017. Learn more.
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Comparison of Three Chemotherapy Regimens in Treating Patients With Stage IVB, Recurrent, or Persistent Cervical Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003945
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted : May 27, 2013
Information provided by:

Study Description
Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known which chemotherapy regimen is more effective for cervical cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of three different chemotherapy regimens in treating patients with stage IVB, recurrent, or persistent cervical cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cervical Cancer Drug: cisplatin Drug: topotecan hydrochloride Phase 3

Detailed Description:


  • Compare the response rate and survival of patients with stage IVB, recurrent, or persistent carcinoma of the cervix treated with cisplatin only vs cisplatin plus topotecan vs methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (MVAC). (Arm III (MVAC) closed to accrual effective 07/23/2001.)
  • Compare the toxic effects of these regimens in this patient population.
  • Compare health-related quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to GOG performance status. Patients are randomized to one of three treatment arms. (Arm III closed to accrual effective 07/23/2001.)

  • Arm I: Patients receive cisplatin IV once every 21 days.
  • Arm II:Patients receive topotecan IV over 30 minutes on days 1-3 and cisplatin IV (beginning after topotecan infusion) on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days.
  • Arm III:Patients receive methotrexate IV on days 1, 15, and 22, vinblastine IV on days 2, 15, and 22, and doxorubicin IV and cisplatin IV on day 2. Courses repeat every 28 days. (Arm III closed to accrual effective 07/23/2001.) Treatment in all arms continues for a maximum of 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. (Arm III closed to accrual effective 07/23/2001.)

Quality of life is assessed before randomization, before course 2, before course 5 (arms I and II), before course 4 (arm III), and at 9 months. (Arm III closed to accrual effective 07/23/2001.)

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 400 patients (133 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 2 years. (Arm III closed to accrual effective 07/23/2001.)

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 400 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase III Study of Cisplatin Versus Cisplatin Plus Topotecan Versus MVAC in Stage IVB, Recurrent or Persistent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Cervix
Study Start Date : June 1999
Primary Completion Date : January 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Cervical Cancer
U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Outcome Measures

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed stage IVB, recurrent, or persistent carcinoma of the cervix that is not amenable to curative treatment with surgery and/or radiotherapy

    • Eligible subtypes:

      • Squamous cell carcinoma
      • Adenosquamous carcinoma
      • Adenocarcinoma
  • Measurable disease by physical examination, radiography, CT scan, or MRI

    • Measurable disease by CT scan/MRI without biopsy confirmation allowed if lesions are at least 3 cm and well defined
  • No craniospinal metastases



  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • GOG 0-2

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3


  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times normal
  • SGOT no greater than 3 times normal
  • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 3 times normal


  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL
  • No bilateral hydronephrosis that cannot be alleviated by ureteral stents or percutaneous drainage


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No clinically significant infection
  • No other prior invasive malignancy within the past 5 years except nonmelanoma skin cancer
  • Body surface area no greater than 2.0 m^2


Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified


  • At least 6 weeks since prior chemoradiotherapy and recovered
  • No prior chemotherapy except when used concurrently with radiotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • See Chemotherapy
  • At least 3 weeks since prior radiotherapy only and recovered


  • Recovered from prior surgery


  • No prior anticancer treatment that would preclude study therapy
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00003945

United States, Indiana
Indiana University Cancer Center
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202-5289
United States, Iowa
John Stoddard Cancer Center at Iowa Methodist Medical Center
Des Moines, Iowa, United States, 50309
Mercy Cancer Center at Mercy Medical Center-Des Moines
Des Moines, Iowa, United States, 50314
Iowa Lutheran Hospital
Des Moines, Iowa, United States, 50316-2301
United States, Nebraska
Midlands Cancer Center at Midlands Community Hospital
Papillion, Nebraska, United States, 68128-4157
United States, New Mexico
MBCCOP - University of New Mexico HSC
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 87131
United States, Pennsylvania
Penn State Cancer Institute at Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 17033-0850
United States, Wisconsin
CCOP - St. Vincent Hospital Cancer Center, Green Bay
Green Bay, Wisconsin, United States, 54307-3453
Australia, New South Wales
Westmead Hospital
Westmead, New South Wales, Australia, 2145
Instituto de Enfermedades Neoplasicas
Lima, Peru, 34
Puerto Rico
San Juan City Hospital
San Juan, Puerto Rico, 00936-7344
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gynecologic Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
Study Chair: Harry J. Long, MD Mayo Clinic
Study Chair: Higinia R. Cardenes, MD, PhD Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center
More Information

Grendys EC Jr, Long HJ, Bundy BN, et al.: Randomized phase III trial of cisplatin vs cisplatin plus topotecan vs the combination of methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (MVAC) in stage IVB, recurrent or persistent carcinoma of the uterine cervix: a Gynecologic Oncology Group study. [Abstract] Int J Gynecol Cancer 14 (Suppl 1): A-039, 12, 2004.
Monk BJ, Huang H, Cella D, et al.: Quality of life outcomes from GOG 179: a phase III trial of cisplatin vs cisplatin/topotecan in recurrent or persistent carcinoma of the cervix. [Abstract] Int J Gynecol Cancer 14 (Suppl 1): A-142, 42, 2004.
Moore DH, Tian C, Monk BJ, et al.: Factors predictive of response to cisplatin-based chemotherapy in stage IVB persistent or recurrent cervical carcinoma: a multivariate analysis of three Gynecologic Oncology Group trials. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 25 (Suppl 18): A-5534, 282s, 2007.

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003945     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067138
First Posted: January 27, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 27, 2013
Last Verified: September 2004

Keywords provided by Gynecologic Oncology Group:
recurrent cervical cancer
stage IVB cervical cancer
cervical squamous cell carcinoma
cervical adenocarcinoma
cervical adenosquamous cell carcinoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Uterine Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Uterine Cervical Diseases
Uterine Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action