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Chemotherapy Plus Bone Marrow or Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Solid Tumors

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: October 3, 2016
Last verified: September 2010

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of melphalan and thiotepa plus bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating patients who have recurrent or refractory solid tumors.

Condition Intervention Phase
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific Biological: filgrastim Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: melphalan Drug: paclitaxel Drug: thiotepa Procedure: autologous bone marrow transplantation Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: High-Dose Consolidation With Escalating Doses of Melphalan and Thiotepa for Stage IV Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:

Study Start Date: January 1999
Study Completion Date: November 2001
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of melphalan and thiopeta in patients with recurrent or refractory solid tumors. II. Evaluate the overall survival and response rate in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study. Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on day 1 and paclitaxel IV over 4 or 24 hours on day 2, followed by daily filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously beginning on day 3 and continuing through day 7 or until WBCs are greater than 100,000 cells/mm3. Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) or autologous bone marrow is collected on days 5-7. At 30-50 days following mobilization, patients receive melphalan IV over 15-60 minutes on days -5 and -4 and thiotepa IV over 2 hours on days -3 and -2, followed by autologous bone marrow transplantation or PBSC infusion on day 0. Sequential dose escalation of melphalan is followed by sequential dose escalation of thiotepa. Dose escalation in cohorts of 5 patients each continues until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 4, 3 of 7, 4 of 11, or 5 of 15 patients experience dose limiting toxicity. Patients are followed at 60 days and at 12 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 40 patients will be accrued for this study within 4 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed solid tumor Metastatic disease Recurrent or refractory Pleural effusions allowed, if controlled Brain metastases allowed, if symptoms controlled and negative MRI

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 to 65 Performance status: Karnofsky 70-100% Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 No uncontrolled bleeding Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL SGOT and/or SGPT less than 3 times normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Cardiovascular: Normal EKG Ejection fraction at least 45% Patients with abnormal EKG, history of myocardial infarction, unstable angina, congestive heart failure, or prior cumulative anthracycline dose of at least 250 mg/m2, must have a left ventricular ejection fraction performed No congestive heart failure or uncontrolled hypertension Pulmonary: DLCO greater than 60% No pneumonia No asthma, even if controlled Neurologic: No dementia or altered mental status Other: No active infection (e.g., peritonitis, wound abscess) HIV negative No prior cyclophosphamide induced hemorrhagic cystitis No serious concurrent systemic disease (e.g., diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism) No other active malignancies Not pregnant Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No concurrent immunotherapy Chemotherapy: No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Concurrent hormonal therapy allowed Radiotherapy: No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: At least 2 weeks since prior surgery and recovered

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00003899

United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: William I. Bensinger, MD Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
  More Information Identifier: NCT00003899     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1343.00
CDR000006707 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ )
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: October 3, 2016

Keywords provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:
unspecified adult solid tumor, protocol specific

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists processed this record on September 19, 2017